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Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis, 5th Edition

Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis, 5th Edition

Fred L. Mannering, Scott S. Washburn

ISBN: 978-1-118-52445-9

Aug 2012

352 pages



The best-selling Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis, 5e provides the depth of coverage necessary to solve the highway-related problems that are most likely to be encountered in engineering practice. The focus on highway transportation is appropriate in light of the dominance of the highway mode in the U.S. and available employment opportunities. Instructors can be confident their students are learning the fundamentals needed to undertake upper-level transportation courses, enter transportation employment with a basic knowledge of highway and traffic engineering, and answer transportation-related questions on the Fundamentals of Civil Engineering and Professional Engineering exams.

The new 5th edition is updated with the most recent Highway Capacity Manual and AASHTO Green book, new homework problems, and the text has been streamlined and enhanced pedagogically with descriptive example names and homework problems organized by text section.

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Chapter 1 Introduction to Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Highways and the Economy

1.2.1 The Highway Economy

1.2.2 Supply Chains

1.2.3 Economic Development

1.3 Highways, Energy, and the Environment

1.4 Highways as Part of the Transportation System

1.5 Highway Transportation and the Human Element

1.5.1 Passenger Transportation Modes and Traffic Congestion

1.5.2 Highway Safety

1.5.3 Demographic Trends

1.6 Highways and Evolving Technologies

1.6.1 Infrastructure Technologies

1.6.2 Vehicle Technologies

1.6.3 Traffic Control Technologies

1.7 Scope of Study

Chapter 2 Road Vehicle Performance

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Tractive Effort and Resistance

2.3 Aerodynamic Resistance

2.4 Rolling Resistance

2.5 Grade Resistance

2.6 Available Tractive Effort

2.6.1 Maximum Tractive Effort

2.6.2 Engine-Generated Tractive Effort

2.7 Vehicle Acceleration

2.8 Fuel Efficiency

2.9 Principles of Braking

2.9.1 Braking Forces

2.9.2 Braking Force Ratio and Efficiency

2.9.3 Antilock Braking Systems

2.9.4 Theoretical Stopping Distance

2.9.5 Practical Stopping Distance

2.9.6 Distance Traveled During Driver Perception/Reaction

Chapter 3 Geometric Design of Highways

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Principles of Highway Alignment

3.3 Vertical Alignment

3.3.1 Vertical Curve Fundamentals

3.3.2 Stopping Sight Distance

3.3.3 Stopping Sight Distance and Crest Vertical Curve Design

3.3.4 Stopping Sight Distance and Sag Vertical Curve Design

3.3.5 Passing Sight Distance and Crest Vertical Curve Design

3.3.6 Underpass Sight Distance and Sag Vertical Curve Design

3.4 Horizontal Alignment

3.4.1 Vehicle Cornering

3.4.2 Horizontal Curve Fundamentals

3.4.3 Stopping Sight Distance and Horizontal Curve Design

3.5 Combined Vertical and Horizontal Alignment

Chapter 4 Pavement Design

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Pavement Types

4.2.1 Flexible Pavements

4.2.2 Rigid Pavements

4.3 Pavement System Design: Principles for Flexible Pavements

4.4 Traditional AASHTO Flexible-Pavement Design Procedure

4.4.1 Serviceability Concept

4.4.2 Flexible-Pavement Design Equation

4.4.3 Structural Number

4.5 Pavement System Design: Principles for Rigid Pavements

4.6 Traditional AASHTO Rigid-Pavement Design Procedure

4.7 Measuring Pavement Quality and Performance

4.7.1 International Roughness Index

4.7.2 Friction Measurements

4.7.3 Rut Depth

4.7.4 Cracking

4.7.5 Faulting

4.7.6 Punchouts

4.8 Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design

Chapter 5 Fundamentals of Traffic Flow and Queuing Theory

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Traffic Stream Parameters

5.2.1 Traffic Flow, Speed, and Density

5.3 Basic Traffic Stream Models

5.3.1 Speed-Density Model

5.3.2 Flow-Density Model

5.3.3 Speed-Flow Model

5.4 Models of Traffic Flow

5.4.1 Poisson Model

5.4.2 Limitations of the Poisson Model

5.5 Queuing Theory and Traffic Flow Analysis

5.5.1 Dimensions of Queuing Models

5.5.2 D/D/1 Queuing

5.5.3 M/D/1 Queuing

5.5.4 M/M/1 Queuing

5.5.5 M/M/N Queuing

5.6 Traffic Analysis at Highway Bottlenecks

Chapter 6 Highway Capacity and Level-of-Service Analysis

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Level-of-Service Concept

6.3 Level-of-Service Determination

6.3.1 Base Conditions and Capacity

6.3.2 Determining Free-Flow Speed

6.3.3 Determining Analysis Flow Rate

6.3.4 Calculating Service Measure(s) and Determining LOS

6.4 Basic Freeway Segments

6.4.1 Base Conditions and Capacity

6.4.2 Service Measure

6.4.3 Determining Free-Flow Speed

6.4.4 Determining Analysis Flow Rate

6.4.5 Calculating Density and Determining LOS

6.5 Multilane Highways

6.5.1 Base Conditions and Capacity

6.5.2 Service Measure

6.5.3 Determining Free-Flow Speed

6.5.4 Determining Analysis Flow Rate

6.5.5 Calculating Density and Determine LOS

6.6 Two-Lane Highways

6.6.1 Base Conditions and Capacity

6.6.2 Service Measures

6.6.3 Determine Free-Flow Speed

6.6.4 Determine Analysis Flow Rate

6.6.5 Calculating Service Measures

6.6.6 Determining LOS

6.7 Design Traffic Volumes

Chapter 7 Traffic Control and Analysis at Signalized Intersections

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Intersection and Signal Control Characteristics

7.2.1 Actuated Control

7.2.2 Signal Controller Operation

7.3 Traffic Flow Fundamentals for Signalized Intersections

7.4 Development of a Traffic Signal Phasing and Timing Plan

7.4.1 Select Signal Phasing

7.4.2 Establish Analysis Lane Groups

7.4.3 Calculate Analysis Flow Rates and Adjusted Saturation Flow Rates

7.4.4 Determine Critical Lane Groups and Total Cycle Lost Time

7.4.5 Calculate Cycle Length

7.4.6 Allocate Green Time

7.4.7 Calculate Change and Clearance Intervals

7.4.8 Check Pedestrian Crossing Time

7.5 Analysis of Traffic at Signalized Intersections

7.5.1 Signalized Intersection Analysis with D/D/1 Queuing

7.5.2 Signal Coordination

7.5.3 Control Delay Calculation for Level of Service Analysis

7.5.4 Level-of-Service Determination

Chapter 8 Travel Demand and Traffic Forecasting

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Traveler Decisions

8.3 Scope of the Travel Demand and Traffic Forecasting Problem

8.4 Trip Generation

8.4.1 Typical Trip Generation Models

8.4.2 Trip Generation with Count Data Models

8.5 Mode and Destination Choice

8.5.1 Methodological Approach

8.5.2 Logit Model Applications

8.6 Highway Route Choice

8.6.1 Highway Performance Functions

8.6.2 User Equilibrium

8.6.3 Mathematical Programming Approach to User Equilibrium

8.6.4 System Optimization

8.7 Traffic Forecasting in Practice

8.8 The Traditional Four-Step Process

8.9 The Current State of Travel Demand and Traffic Forecasting

Appendix 8A Least Squares Estimation

Appendix 8B Maximum-Likelihood Estimation 

• Updated to be consistent with the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) 2010 and the AASHTO "Green Book" 2011.
• New example problems have been added to improve the pedagogical effectiveness of the book.
• End-of-chapter problems are organized by text section, and new problems were added for each chapter.
• U.S. customary units. The third and fourth editions of the book included both U.S. customary and metric units. To keep students focused on the measurement system used almost exclusively in the United States, this new edition includes only U.S. customary units.
• Content with metric units is available on the book website.
• Revised Chapter 3, Geometric Design of Highways. Chapter 3 has been revised to include the latest information from the recently published A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2011.
• Significantly revised pavement design chapter. Chapter 4 has been substantially revised to be more tightly focused with new examples and revised sections. Mechanistic-empirical approach to pavement design. In addition to traditional pavement design procedures, Chapter 4 now provides an introduction to the newer mechanistic-empirical pavement design procedures.
• Revised Chapter 6, Highway Capacity and Level-of-Service Analysis. Chapter 6 has been revised to include the latest information from the recently published Highway Capacity Manual 2010, Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
• Revised Chapter 7, Traffic Control and Analysis at Signalized Intersections. Chapter 7 has been revised to include the latest information from the recently published Highway Capacity Manual 2010, Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

• Complete instructor support including lecture slides, sample exams, in-class design problems, and solutions manual. You will be ready to teach with the 5th edition from day one of adoption!
• A concise approach focused on highway transportation that helps instructors cover in one semester the concepts that are most likely to be encountered in engineering practice.
• Example-oriented presentation accessible to both junior and senior engineering students, with appropriate mathematical rigor and a large number of end-of-chapter problems.
• Sample FE exam questions in the text give students practice with questions for this discipline in a multiple-choice format, as they'll encounter on the FE exam.
• Variable and nomenclature keys consistently provided with illustrations and gathered at the end of the chapter help students more quickly become familiar with the nomenclature and notation for the course.