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Principles of Polymerization, 4th Edition

Principles of Polymerization, 4th Edition

George Odian

ISBN: 978-0-471-27400-1

Feb 2004

832 pages

In Stock

$154.00

Description

The new edition of a classic text and reference
The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from ""wash and wear"" clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today's state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes:
* Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts
* Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic)
* Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies
* Graft and block copolymers
* High-temperature polymers
* Inorganic and organometallic polymers
* Conducting polymers
* Ring-opening polymer ization
* In vivo and in vitro polymerization
Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student.
Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today's students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.

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PREFACE xxiii

1 INTRODUCTION 1

1-1 Types of Polymers and Polymerizations 1

1-2 Nomenclature of Polymers 9

1-3 Linear, Branched, and Crosslinked Polymers 17

1-4 Molecular Weight 19

1-5 Physical State 24

1-6 Applications of Polymers 32

References 36

2 STEP POLYMERIZATION 39

2-1 Reactivity of Functional Groups 40

2-2 Kinetics of Step Polymerization 44

2-3 Accessibility of Functional Groups 63

2-4 Equilibrium Considerations 65

2-5 Cyclization versus Linear Polymerization 69

2-6 Molecular Weight Control in Linear Polymerization 74

2-7 Molecular Weight Distribution in Linear Polymerization 80

2-8 Process Conditions 87

2-9 Multichain Polymerization 101

2-10 Crosslinking 103

2-11 Molecular Weight Distributions in Nonlinear Polymerizations 114

2-12 Crosslinking Technology 117

2-13 Step Copolymerization 135

2-14 High-Performance Polymers 144

2-15 Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers 168

2-16 Dendritic (Highly Branched) Polymers 174

2-17 Miscellaneous Topics 180

References 185

3 RADICAL CHAIN POLYMERIZATION 198

3-1 Nature of Radical Chain Polymerization 199

3-2 Structural Arrangement of Monomer Units 202

3-3 Rate of Radical Chain Polymerization 204

3-4 Initiation 209

3-5 Molecular Weight 236

3-6 Chain Transfer 238

3-7 Inhibition and Retardation 255

3-8 Determination of Absolute Rate Constants 264

3-9 Energetic Characteristics 271

3-10 Autoacceleration 282

3-11 Molecular Weight Distribution 289

3-12 Effect of Pressure 292

3-13 Process Conditions 296

3-14 Specific Commercial Polymers 300

3-15 Living Radical Polymerization 313

3-16 Other Polymerizations 330

4 EMULSION POLYMERIZATION 350

4-1 Description of Process 350

4-2 Quantitative Aspects 356

4-3 Other Characteristics of Emulsion Polymerization 363

5 IONIC CHAIN POLYMERIZATION 372

5-1 Comparison of Radical and Ionic Polymerizations 372

5-2 Cationic Polymerization of the Carbon–Carbon Double Bond 374

5-3 Anionic Polymerization of the Carbon–Carbon Double Bond 412

5-4 Block and Other Polymer Architectures 436

5-5 Distinguishing Between Radical, Cationic, and Anionic Polymerizations 443

5-6 Carbonyl Polymerization 444

5-7 Miscellaneous Polymerizations 449

6 CHAIN COPOLYMERIZATION 464

6-1 General Considerations 465

6-2 Copolymer Composition 466

6-3 Radical Copolymerization 487

6-4 Ionic Copolymerization 506

6-5 Deviations from Terminal Copolymerization Model 512

6-6 Copolymerizations Involving Dienes 521

6-7 Other Copolymerizations 528

6-8 Applications of Copolymerization 529

7 RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION 544

7-1 General Characteristics 545

7-2 Cyclic Ethers 548

7-3 Lactams 569

7-4 N-Carboxy-a-Amino Acid Anhydrides 578

7-5 Lactones 581

7-6 Nitrogen Heterocyclics 586

7-7 Sulfur Heterocyclics 588

7-8 Cycloalkenes 589

7-9 Miscellaneous Oxygen Heterocyclics 592

7-10 Other Ring-Opening Polymerizations 594

7-11 Inorganic and Partially Inorganic Polymers 595

7-12 Copolymerization 600

8 STEREOCHEMISTRY OF POLYMERIZATION 619

8-1 Types of Stereoisomerism in Polymers 620

8-2 Properties of Stereoregular Polymers 633

8-3 Forces of Stereoregulation in Alkene Polymerizations 637

8-4 Traditional Ziegler–Natta Polymerization of Nonpolar Alkene Monomers 644

8-5 Metallocene Polymerization of Nonpolar Alkene Monomers 665

8-6 Other Hydrocarbon Monomers 682

8-7 Copolymerization 684

8-8 Postmetallocene: Chelate Initiators 685

8-9 Living Polymerization 689

8-10 Polymerization of 1,3-Dienes 689

8-11 Commerical Applications 695

8-12 Polymerization of Polar Vinyl Monomers 699

8-13 Aldehydes 703

8-14 Optical Activity in Polymers 704

8-15 Ring-Opening Polymerization 707

8-16 Statistical Models of Propagation 708

9 REACTIONS OF POLYMERS 729

9-1 Principles of Polymer Reactivity 729

9-2 Crosslinking 737

9-3 Reactions of Cellulose 745

9-4 Reactions of Poly(vinyl acetate)  748

9-5 Halogenation 748

9-6 Aromatic Substitution 750

9-7 Cyclization 751

9-8 Other Reactions 752

9-9 Graft Copolymers 752

9-10 Block Copolymers 759

9-11 Polymers as Carriers or Supports 760

9-12 Polymer Reagents 765

9-13 Polymer Catalysts 768

9-14 Polymer Substrates 771

INDEX 789

""…this book would be useful…as a reference tool…"" (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 2006)

""Chemists, chemical engineers, and material scientists who want to know more about the chemistry and structural control of polymers would find extensive information in this book…"" (MRS Bulletin, February 2006)

“…the most comprehensive treatment of this topic that I have encountered … an essential component of the book collection of any research group involved in polymer synthesis.” (Advanced Materials, 2005; Vol., 17; 16)

“…an excellent textbook for today’s students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher….” (Apollit, 2005)

""This is the fourth edition of what has not only become a classic textbook but is most useful as a reference book...the author...writes clear and precise sentences and makes what can be a dry subject interesting to read.” (E-STREAMS, October 2004)

""...an admirable text for teaching...and also serves as a valuable reference...a real investment and an important desk reference for polymer synthesis chemists."" (Polymer News)