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Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists

Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists

Joseph M. Bonem

ISBN: 978-0-470-93462-3

Apr 2011

344 pages



This book provides methods to train process operators to solve challenging problems. The book is split into two parts. The first part consists of two parts; first developing a daily monitoring system and second providing a structured 5 step problem solving approach that combines cause and effect problem solving thinking with the formulation of theoretically correct hypotheses. The 5 step approach emphasizes the classical problem solving approach (defining the sequence of events) with the addition of the steps of formulating a theoretically correct working hypothesis, providing a means to test the hypothesis, and providing a foolproof means to eliminate the problem. The initial part of the book focuses on defining the problem that must be solved and obtaining the location, time and quantity based specifications of the problem. This part of the book also presents techniques to find and define problems at an early point before they progress to the critical level.

The second part of the book deals with the utilization of fundamental chemical engineering skills to develop a technically correct working hypothesis that is the key to successful problem solving. The primary emphasis is on simple pragmatic calculation techniques that are theoretically correct. It is believed that any operator can perform these calculations if he is provided the correct prototype. Throughout the book, the theory behind each pragmatic calculation technique is explained in understandable terms prior to presenting the author's approach. These techniques have been developed by the author in 50+ years of industrial experience. The book includes many sample problems and examples of real world problem solving. Using these techniques, theoretically correct working hypotheses can be developed in an expedient fashion.

Preface ix

1 Initial Considerations 1

2 Limitations to Plant Problem Solving 9

3 Successful Plant Problem Solving 15

4 Examples of Plant Problem Solving 39

5 Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering for Process Operators 59

6 Development of Working Hypotheses 83

7 Application to Prime Movers 93

8 Application to Plate Processes 147

9 Application to Kinetically Limited Processes 167

10 Application to Unsteady State 197

11 Verifi cation of Process Instrumentation Data 219

12 Successful Plant Tests 241

13 Utilization of Manual Computation Techniques 261

14 Putting It All Together 281

15 A Final Note 315

Appendix: Conversion Factors 317

References 319

Index 321