Promising and High-Impact Practices: Student Success Programs in the Community College Context: New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 175
DescriptionWith calls for community colleges to play a greater role in increasing college completion, promising or high-impact practices (HIPs) are receiving attention as means to foster persistence, degree completion, and other desired academic outcomes. These include learning communities, orientation, first-year seminars, and supplemental instruction, among many others.
This volume explores the latest research on:
- how student success program research is conceptualized and operationalized,
- evidence for ways in which interventions foster positive student outcomes,
- critical inquiry of how students themselves experience them, and
- challenges and guidance regarding program design, implementation and evaluation.
This is the 175th volume of this Jossey-Bass quarterly report series. Essential to the professional libraries of presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other leaders in today's open-door institutions, New Directions for Community Colleges provides expert guidance in meeting the challenges of their distinctive and expanding educational mission.
Gloria Crisp, Deryl K. Hatch
1. What’s in a Name? The Challenge and Utility of Defining Promising and High-Impact Practices 9
Deryl K. Hatch, Gloria Crisp, Katherine Wesley
This chapter reviews definitions of promising practice and offers a map of practices to illustrate key features and relationships.
2. A Brief History and a Framework for Understanding Commonalities and Differences of Community College Student Success Programs 19
Deryl K. Hatch
Chapter 2 discusses ways researchers have presented student success programs and proposes a conceptual model for variations of community college success programs.
3. A Holistic Conception of Nonacademic Support: How Four Mechanisms Combine to Encourage Positive Student Outcomes in the Community College 33
Melinda Mechur Karp
Chapter 3 builds upon the author’s earlier literature review and framework and considers evidence that holistic support can encourage community college students’ success.
4. Student Success: Identifying High-Impact Practices 45
Evelyn N. Waiwaiole, E. Michael Bohlig, Kristine J. Massey
Chapter 4 discusses the Center for Community College Student Engagement’s High-Impact Practice Institutes and provides related case studies of institutional strategic improvements.
5. Using Hybridization and Specialization to Enhance the First-Year Experience in Community Colleges: A National Picture of High-Impact Practices in First-Year Seminars 57
Dallin George Young, Jennifer R. Keup
Chapter 5 explores the unique attributes of first-year seminars and related practices in the community college setting.
6. Community College First-Year Experience Programs: Examining Student Access, Experience, and Success from the Student Perspective 71
Nancy Acevedo-Gil, Desiree D. Zerquera
Chapter 6 examines first-year student success programs from the perspective and in the voice of community college students who experience them.
7. Understanding the Effectiveness and Impact of Student Success Interventions on Campus 83
Bruce E. McComb, Jan W. Lyddon
Chapter 7 discusses challenges in evaluating student success interventions and offers advice in carrying out effective evaluations.
8. Key Resources for Community College Student Success Programming 95
Vincent D. Carales, Crystal E. Garcia, Naomi Mardock-Uman
Chapter 8 provides an overview and references for organizations and efforts focused on student success for community college students.
9. Promising Practices and Programs: Current Efforts and Future Directions 103
Chapter 9 synthesizes the first eight chapters, offers conclusions, and considers future directions regarding community college practices and programs.