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Propellants and Explosives

Propellants and Explosives

Naminosuke Kubota

ISBN: 978-3-527-60050-2

Apr 2003

320 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

The combustion phenomena of propellants and explosives are dependent on physicochemical parameters such as ingredients, catalysts, pressure, initial temperature, and flow field. This book presents the fundamental bases of energetics of materials, deflagration and detonation, thermochemical process of decomposition and combustion, and combustion wave structures. The combustion mechanisms of various types of energetic materials, propellants, and explosives are discussed based on the heat transfer process in the combustion waves. The burning rate models are also presented to understand the rate-controlling steps of combustion processes, which show the relationships of burning rate versus pressure and initial temperature.

The combustion processes of propellants and explosives are highly complicated because of the heterogeneous structures of the materials, and because of phase changes from solid to liquid, and to gas under high pressure and temperature conditions. Therefore the real combustion phenomena are demonstrated by the use of a number of colored photographs during burning. New applications of energetic materials such as pyrolants and ducted rockets for an advanced propulsion system are also described.
THERMODYNAMICS FOR ENERGY CONVERSION
Fundamentals
Thermodynamics in Flow Field
Formation of Propulsive Forces
THERMOCHEMISTRY OF COMBUSTION
Generation of Heat
Adiabatic Flame Temperature
Chemical Reaction
COMBUSTION WAVE PROPAGATION
Reaction for Combustion
Combustion Wave of Premixed Gas
Structure of Combustion Wave
Reaction for Ignition
Combustion Wave of Energetic Materials
ENERGETICS OF PROPELLANTS AND EXPLOSIVES
Evaluation of Chemical Energy
Crystalline and Polymeric Materials
Classification of Propellants and Explosives
Formulation of Propellants
Nitropolymer Propellants
Composite Propellants
Formulation of Explosives
COMBUSTION OF CRYSTALLINE AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Combustion of Crystalline Materials
Combustion of Polymeric Materials
COMBUSTION OF DOUBLE-BASE PROPELLANTS
NC-NG Propellants
NC-TMETN Propellants
Nitro-Azide Propellants
Catalyzed Double-Base Propellants
COMBUSTION OF COMPOSITE PROPELLANTS
AP Composite Propellants
Nitramine Composite Propellants
TAGN Composite Propellants
Composite Modified Double-Base Propellants
COMBUSTION OF EXPLOSIVES
Detonation Velocity and Pressure
Density and Detonation Velocity
Applications of Detonation Phenomena
COMBUSTION IN ROCKET MOTOR
Combustion Phenomena in Rocket Motor
Ignition Transient
Erosive Burning
Wired propellant Burning; combustion Instability
Ducted Rocket Engine
Nomenclature
Appendix
Index
'Dr. Kubota is very eminently qualified to write a book of this nature.'
(Dr. Atkins - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, The Energetic Materials Center, CA, USA)
'Yes there is a clear need for a publication of this type ... The author is highly qualified ...'
(Dr. Cumming - Defense Research Agency, Fort Halstead, UK) 'High level, well-known expert (comment on Dr. Kubota's standing in the field.)'
(Professor Schubert, ICT, Pfinztal, Germany)
'The author is a recognized scientist in the field.'
(Dr. Teipel, ICT, Pfinztal, Germany)
'A comprehensive publication that enables both theoretical and practical comprehension of the subject would be extremely helpful. ... The Author is a well-known and recognized expert.'
(Dr. Michael-Schulz, BAM, Berlin, Germany)

"Propellants and Explosives provides a good survey of a field that is far from simple. The essential facts are presented systematically and in a clearly understandable way, helped by many figures and photographs...The book will provide the interested reader with an easy introduction to this complex subjekt." Angewandte Chemie Intl.