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Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications

Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications

Jay Stratton Noller (Editor), Janet M. Sowers (Editor), William R. Lettis (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-875-90950-9

Jan 2000, American Geophysical Union

582 pages

Select type: Hardcover

$89.00

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Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the AGU Reference Shelf Series, Volume 4.

Quaternary geochronology is the field devoted to dating Earth's history of the past 1.8 million years, the Quaternary Period. The field has come a long way since its early formulations at the beginning of the 20th century and the advent of radiocarbon dating 50 years ago. Since that time the field has witnessed a manifold increase in the number of available dating methods, no one of which can do all that the sum can provide.

It seems appropriate that this volume, which is devoted to the subject of natural time, be published at the end of the second millennium, a moment also significant in a cultural sense. It is one of the very reasons that we compiled this volume; so that we might better tell the history of the Earth during the Quaternary Period—the time in which the human species evolved and during which all that we know as history occurred.

Preface
Jay Stratton Noller and Janet M. Sowers ix

Introduction to Quaternary Geochronology
Jay Stratton Noller, Janet M. Sowers, Steven M . Colman, and Kenneth L. Pierce 1

SIDEREAL METHODS

Dendrochronology
Gordon C. Jacoby 11

Varve Dating
Kenneth L. Verosub 21

Sclerochronology
Robert W. Buddemeier and Frederick W. Taylor 25

ISOTOPIC METHODS

Radiocarbon Geochronology
Susan E. Trumbore 41

Cosmogenic Nuclide Buildup in Surficial Materials
Marek G. Zreda and Fred M. Phillips 61

K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar Dating
Paul R. Renne 77

Uranium-Series Methods
Teh-Lung Ku 101

Lead-210 Geochronology
Jay Stratton Noller 115

U-Pb and Th-Pb Geochronology in Quaternary Rocks
Stephen R. Getty and Donald J. DePaolo 121

RADIOGENIC METHODS

Fission-Track Geochronology
Trevor A. Dumitru 131

Luminescence Geochronology
Steven L. Forman, James Pierson, and Kenneth Lepper 157

Electron Spin Resonance Dating of Fault Rocks
Henry P. Schwarcz and Hee-Kwon Lee 177

CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL METHODS

Aminostratigraphic Dating Methods in Quaternary Geochronology
John F. Wehmiller and Gifford H. Miller  187

Obsidian Hydration Dating of Quaternary Events
Kenneth L. Pierce and Irving Friedman 223

Rock Varnish Chronometry
Janet M. Sowers 241

Lichenometry
Jay Stratton Noller and William W. Locke 261

GEOMORPHOLOGICAL METHODS

Use of Soil Geomorphology in Fault Studies
T. K. Rockwell 273

Rock and Mineral Weathering
Peter W. Birkeland and Jay Stratton Noller 293

The Age of Scarplike Landforms From Diffusion-Equation Analysis
Thomas C. Hanks 313

CORRELATION METHODS

Paleomagnetic Dating
Kenneth L. Verosub 339

Tephrochronology
Andrei Sarna- Wojcicki 357

Biochronology of North American Microfine Rodents
Christopher J. Bell 379

Synopsis of Quaternary Terrestrial and Non-marine Aquatic Faunal Groups
Christopher J. Bell 407

Zoogeographic Correlation of Marine Invertebrate Faunas
George L. Kennedy 413

Correlating Quaternary Landforms and Deposits to Global Climate Change
Janet M. Sowers 425

Global Climate Change in Marine Stable Isotope Records
James D. Wright 427

Dating Marine Terraces with Relative-Age and Correlated-Age Methods
Daniel R. Muhs 434

Dating Glacial Events and Correlation to Global Climate Change
John T. Andrews 447

Correlation of Fluvial Aggradation Events to Times of Global Climate Change
Willia, B. Bull  456

Lacustrine Features and Global Climate Change
Charles G. Oviatt 470

PALEOSEISMOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Applying Geochronologyin Paleoseismology
William R. Lettis and Keith I. Kelson 479

Radiocarbon Dating of Holocene Tidal Marsh Deposits: Applications to Reconstructing Relative Sea
Level Changes in the San Francisco Estuary
Lisa Wells 497

Uplift and Fault Slip Rates in the Southern San Francisco Bay Area Constrained by Fission-Tracks, Geomorphology, and Geodesy
Ramon Arrowsmith, Roland Biirgmann, and Trevor Dumitru 503

Evaluation Surface-Fault Rupture Risk to a Penstock Using the 40Ar/39Ar Dating Method
Jeff Bachhuber, William D. Page, and Paul R. Renne 509

Paleoseismic Date Refinement and Implications for Seismic Hazard Estimation
Glenn Biasi and Ray J. Weldon 517

Lichenometry: A New Way of Dating and Locating Prehistorical Earthquakes
William B. Bull 521

Application of Multiple Geochronologic Methods to the Dating of Marine Terraces in South-Central California
Kathryn L. Hanson and William R. Lettis 527

Paleoseismicity of the Alvord Fault, Steens Mountain, Southeastern Oregon
Mark A. Hemphill-Haley, William  D. Page, G ary A. Carver, and Raymond M. Burke 537

Timing of Faulting Events From Thermoluminescence Dating of Scarp-Related Deposits, Lemhi Fault, Southeastern Idaho
Mark A. Hemphill-Haley, Thomas  L. Sawyer, Peter L .K. Knuepfer, Steven L. Forman, and Ivan G. Wong 541

Tree-Ring Evidence for the San Andreas Earthquake of 1812
Gordon C. Jacoby 549

ESR Dating of Times of Movement on the San Gabriel Fault in the Little Tujunga Region, Los Angeles, California
H.K. Lee and H.P Schwarcz 553

Age Constraints on Paleoliquefactio in the New Madrid Seismic Zone Using Secular Variation Magnetostratigraphy
StephenL . Salyards 557

An Improved Paleoseismic Record of the San Andreas Fault at Pitman Canyon
Gordon G. Seitz, Glenn P. Biasi, and Ray J. Weldon II 563

PLATE 1: Methods for Dating Quaternary Surficial Materials 567

Index 569