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Race: Are We So Different?, 2nd Edition

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Race: Are We So Different?, 2nd Edition

Alan H. Goodman, Yolanda T. Moses, Joseph L. Jones

ISBN: 978-1-119-47247-6 December 2019 Wiley-Blackwell 296 Pages

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Description

The second edition of the bestselling title on modern notions of race, providing timely examination of perspectives on race, racism, and human biological variation

In this fully updated second edition of this popular text on the study of race, Alan Goodman, Yolanda Moses, and Joseph Jones take a timely look at modern ideas surrounding race, racism, and human diversity, and consider the ways that ideas about race have changed over time. New material in the second edition covers recent history and emerging topics in the study of race. The second edition has also been updated to account for advancements in the study of human genetic variation, which provide further evidence that race is an entirely social phenomenon. RACE compels readers to carefully consider their own ideas about race and the role that race plays in the world around them.

  • Examines the ways perceptions of race influence laws, customs, and social institutions in the US and around the world
  • Explores the impact of race and racism on health, wealth, education, and other domains of life
  • Includes guest essays by noted scholars, a complete bibliography, and a full glossary
  • Stands as an ideal text for courses on race, racism, and cultural and economic divides
  • Combines insights and examples from science, history, and personal narrative
  • Includes engaging photos, illustrations, timelines, and diagrams to illustrate important concepts

List of Illustrations

Preface

Acknowledgments

1 Introducing Race, Human Variation, and Racism

Part 1 Histories of Race, Difference, and Racism

2 Inventing Race

Race: The Unnatural History of an Idea

A Recent Human Invention

3 Creating Race

 Creating Race, 1492 – 1782. A Time Line

 The Origins of the Ideology of Race (Audrey Smedley)

 Creating Race – A Conversation

4 Human Mismeasure

 Human Mismeasure, A Time Line

 Deracializing the Past: Archaeologists and Native American Relationships in the Age of Racialization (Joe Watkins)

 Mismeasuring Human - A Conversation

5 Inventing Whiteness

 Inventing Whiteness, 1650– 2018, A Time Line

 Early American White People Observed (Nell Irvin Painter)

 “Caucasian” (Carol C. Mukhopadhyay)

 Whiteness - A Conversation

6 Separate and Unequal

 Separate and Unequal, a Time Line

 Jim Crow Laws

 Learning Jim Crow (Jonathan Odell)

 Colorblindness (Ian F. Haney Lopez)

 Separate and Unequal - A Conversation

Part 2 Why Human Variation Is Not Racial

7 Introduction: Race ≠ Human Biological Variation

 Isn’t Race Biologically Obvious?

 Humans Do Vary Biologically

 Variation ≠ Race

 Height and History

8 Skin Deep?

 Life Under the Sun: An Evolutionary Balance

 Skin Color

 The Evolution and Meaning of Human Skin Color Variation (Nina G. Jablonski)

 Skin Color Varies Gradually and Does Not explain Deeper Traits

9 Sickle Cell Disease: Not for Blacks Only

 Medical History: The Discovery of “Strangely Shaped” Red Blood Cells

 What is Sickle Cell? Genetics and Physiological Consequences

 An Unnatural History of the Mosquito, Humans, and Malaria

 Race and Sickle Cell

 Standards and Race: Iron Deficiency

 I Have Sickle Cell – Frank Giacomazza

 Race and Athletic Performance: An Interview with Joseph Graves 

 Conclusions

10 The Apportionment of Variation, or … Why We Are All Africans Under the Skin

 Ashley Montagu: Exposing the Myth of Race

 Richard Lewontin and the Apportionment of Variation

 An Interview with Richard Lewontin

 Updating Lewontin 1: Weak Correlation and Ancestry Testing

 Updating Lewontin 2: The Structure of Genetic Variation

11 The Evolution of Variation

 A History of Moving and Mixing

 The Evolution of Human Variation

 The Evolutionary Dispersal of Human Variation (Ken Kidd)

 Always Mixing and Moving

 Ancient DNA

 A Tale of Two Skeletons — The Peopling of the Americas

 Perspectives on Genetic Ancestry Testing

Part 3 Living with Race and Racism

12 Introduction: Living with Race and Racism

 Language and Race (Bonnie Urciuoli)

13 The Census and Making Race “Official”

 History of the U.S. Census and Race

 The Hapa Project: Conceived and Produced by Kip Fulbeck

 AfroLatinx Culture in the 21st Century (Arlene Torres)

14 Race and Education

 School Segregation

 The Race Gap in Standardized Test Scores\

 Going Down the Wrong Track

 Affirmative Action

 Affirmative Action: Undoing Inequality

 Asian Americans: The Unbearable Whiteness of Being? (Michael Omi)

 Some Myths bout Race That Every Educator Needs to Unlearn (Mica Pollock)

15 Linking Race and Wealth: An American Dilemma

 Land Ownership in the Colonial Times

 Whose Land Is It?

 Making “Brown Men” White/Cherokee Removal

 The U.S. Conquest of Mexican California

 Japanese American Internment

 The Housing Market

 White — The Color of Money

 The GI Bill: An Unequal Opportunity

 “There Goes the Neighborhood”

 Measuring Housing Segregation

 One Family’s Story

 The Wealth Gap Persists

 Wealth and Housing: A Conversation

16 Race and Health Inequities

 Race as Risk Factor: The Case of Low Birth Weight

 Race, Class, and Life Expectancy

 Race, Discrimination, and Stress

 Health Care for Latinos

 Race and Hypertension: The Cultural Meaning of Skin Color 

 Environmental Racism

 Diabetes and Native Americans

 Should Race Be Used in Medical Research?

 Concepts of Race, Practices of Racism (Susan Reverby)

17 Conclusion

What Still Needs to be Done: The Future of Race in America and Beyond

Globalizing Race (Deborah Thomas and Kamari Clarke)

Race, Racism, and Antiracism: Implications for Human Rights (Faye V. Harrison)

Glossary

Index