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Radar Data Processing With Applications

Radar Data Processing With Applications

He You, Xiu Jianjuan, Guan Xin

ISBN: 978-1-118-95688-5

Aug 2016

560 pages

$128.99

Description

A systematic introduction to the theory, development and latest research results of radar data processing technology

• Presents both classical theory and development methods of radar data processing
• Provides state-of-the-art research results, including data processing for modern style radars, and tracking performance evaluation theory
• Includes coverage of performance evaluation, registration algorithm for Radar network, data processing of passive radar, pulse Doppler radar, and phased array radar
• Has applications for those engaged in information engineering, radar engineering, electronic countermeasures, infrared techniques, sonar techniques, and military command

About the Authors xiv

Preface xvi

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Aim and Significance of Radar Data Processing 1

1.2 Basic Concepts in Radar Data Processing 2

1.3 Design Requirements and Main Technical Indexes of Radar Data Processors 9

1.4 History and Present Situation of Research in Radar Data Processing Technology 12

1.5 Scope and Outline of the Book 14

2 Parameter Estimation 20

2.1 Introduction 20

2.2 The Concept of Parameter Estimation 20

2.3 Four Basic Parameter Estimation Techniques 23

2.4 Properties of Estimators 26

2.5 Parameter Estimation of Static Vectors 28

2.6 Summary 33

3 Linear Filtering Approaches 34

3.1 Introduction 34

3.2 Kalman Filter 34

3.3 Steady-State Kalman Filter 48

3.4 Summary 52

4 Nonlinear Filtering Approaches 53

4.1 Introduction 53

4.2 Extended Kalman Filter 53

4.3 Unscented Kalman Filter 58

4.4 Particle Filter 65

4.5 Summary 71

5 Measurement Preprocessing Techniques 72

5.1 Introduction 72

5.2 Time Registration 72

5.3 Space Registration 75

5.4 Radar Error Calibration Techniques 88

5.5 Data Compression Techniques 89

5.6 Summary 93

6 Track Initiation in Multi-target Tracking 95

6.1 Introduction 95

6.2 The Shape and Size of Track Initiation Gates 96

6.3 Track Initiation Algorithms 100

6.4 Comparison and Analysis of Track Initiation Algorithms 109

6.5 Discussion of Some Issues in Track Initiation 116

6.6 Summary 117

7 Maximum Likelihood Class Multi-target Data Association Methods 118

7.1 Introduction 118

7.2 Track-Splitting Algorithm 118

7.3 Joint Maximum Likelihood Algorithm 123

7.4 0–1 Integer Programming Algorithm 126

7.5 Generalized Correlation Algorithm 130

7.6 Summary 137

8 Bayesian Multi-target Data Association Approach 138

8.1 Introduction 138

8.2 Nearest-Neighbor Algorithm 138

8.3 Probabilistic Data Association Algorithm 141

8.4 Integrated Probabilistic Data Association Algorithm 152

8.5 Joint Probabilistic Data Association Algorithm 154

8.6 Summary 167

9 Tracking Maneuvering Targets 169

9.1 Introduction 169

9.2 Tracking Algorithm with Maneuver Detection 170

9.3 Adaptive Tracking Algorithm 174

9.4 Performance Comparison of Maneuvering Target Tracking Algorithms 189

9.5 Summary 201

10 Group Target Tracking 203

10.1 Introduction 203

10.2 Basic Methods for Track Initiation of the Group Target 204

10.3 The Gray Fine Track Initiation Algorithm for Group Targets 214

10.4 Centroid Group Tracking 233

10.5 Formation Group Tracking 238

10.6 Performance Analysis of Tracking Algorithms for Group Targets 240

10.7 Summary 246

11 Multi-target Track Termination Theory and Track Management 250

11.1 Introduction 250

11.2 Multi-target Track Termination Theory 250

11.3 Track Management 258

11.4 Summary 275

12 Passive Radar Data Processing 276

12.1 Introduction 276

12.2 Advantages of Passive Radars 276

12.3 Passive Radar Spatial Data Association 278

12.4 Optimal Deployment of Direction-Finding Location 289

12.5 Passive Location Based on TDOA Measurements 299

12.6 Summary 303

13 Pulse Doppler Radar Data Processing 304

13.1 Introduction 304

13.2 Overview of PD Radar Systems 304

13.3 Typical Algorithms of PD Radar Tracking 307

13.4 Performance Analysis on PD Radar Tracking Algorithms 321

13.5 Summary 331

14 Phased Array Radar Data Processing 332

14.1 Introduction 332

14.2 Characteristics and Major Indexes 333

14.3 Structure and Working Procedure 334

14.4 Data Processing 336

14.5 Performance Analysis of the Adaptive Sampling Period Algorithm 355

14.6 Summary 361

15 Radar Network Error Registration Algorithm 362

15.1 Introduction 362

15.2 The Composition and Influence of Systematic Errors 362

15.3 Fixed Radar Registration Algorithm 366

15.4 Mobile Radar Registration Algorithm 380

15.5 Summary 402

16 Radar Network Data Processing 405

16.1 Introduction 405

16.2 Performance Evaluation Indexes of Radar Networks 406

16.3 Data Processing of Monostatic Radar Networks 408

16.4 Data Processing of Bistatic Radar Networks 413

16.5 Data Processing of Multistatic Radar Networks 420

16.6 Track Association 423

16.7 Summary 426

17 Evaluation of Radar Data Processing Performance 427

17.1 Introduction 427

17.2 Basic Terms 428

17.3 Data Association Performance Evaluation 429

17.4 Performance Evaluation of Tracking 432

17.5 Evaluation of the Data Fusion Performance of Radar Networks 436

17.6 Methods of Evaluating Radar Data Processing Algorithms 438

17.7 Summary 440

18 Radar Data Processing Simulation Technology 441

18.1 Introduction 441

18.2 Basis of System Simulation Technology 442

18.3 Simulation of Radar Data Processing Algorithms 449

18.4 Simulation Examples of Algorithms 457

18.5 Summary 463

19 Practical Application of Radar Data Processing 464

19.1 Introduction 464

19.2 Application in ATC Systems 464

19.3 Application in Shipboard Navigation Radar 474

19.4 Application in Shipboard Radar Clutter Suppression 476

19.5 Application in Ground-Based Radar 480

19.6 Applications in Shipboard Monitoring System 482

19.7 Application in the Fleet Air Defense System 484

19.8 Applications in AEW Radar 486

19.9 Application in Air Warning Radar Network 492

19.10 Application in Phased Array Radar 495

19.11 Summary 498

20 Review, Suggestions, and Outlook 499

20.1 Introduction 499

20.2 Review of Research Achievements 499

20.3 Issues and Suggestions 502

20.4 Outlook for Research Direction 505

References 508

Index 523