DescriptionRadio Technologies and Concepts for IMT-Advanced presents the findings of the Wireless World Initiative New Radio (WINNER) project in Framework Program 6 of the European Commission. It provides an insight into the key concepts and technologies for the IMT-Advanced radio interface, based on the collaborative research of manufacturers, network operators, research centres and universities within WINNER. The book covers the fundamental radio characteristics of a typical 4G wireless communication system, focusing on the transceiver’s chain from the physical layer to layers 2 and 3. Starting by defining realistic and futuristic usage scenarios, the authors provide in-depth discussion of key technologies including modulation and coding, link level procedures, spatial-temporal processing, multiple access schemes and inter-cell interference mitigation, channel estimation and newly developed channel models. Finally, a cost assessment and optimisation methodology is developed for different deployment concepts in order to assess a wireless system in a condition close to reality. The book provides an important system-level approach to the latest radio technologies in the field, and evaluates IMT-Advanced research in relation to international standardisation.
- Presents the research findings of IMT-Advanced radio interface from the
- WINNER project
- Covers the latest concepts for relaying, multiple access, radio resource control, flexible spectrum use, and ITU-R spectrum demand calculation
- Examines the most recent Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques, and Distributed Antenna Systems (Coordinated Multipoint Transmissions)
- Describes a 4G system concept and all major building blocks
- Provides 4G propagation models and system-level evaluation methodologies
List of Contributors.
1.1 Development and Status of Mobile and Wireless Communications.
1.2 Expectations of Data Traffic Growth.
1.3 Development Towards IMT-Advanced.
1.4 Global Research Activities.
1.5 WINNER Project.
1.6 Future Work.
2 Usage Scenarios and Technical Requirements.
2.2 Key Scenario Elements.
2.3 Service Classes and Service Requirements.
2.4 Requirements for System Capabilities.
2.5 Terminal Requirements.
2.6 Performance Requirements.
2.7 Spectrum Requirements.
2.8 Dependency of Requirements.
3 WINNER II Channel Models.
3.2 Modelling Considerations.
3.3 Channel-Modelling Approach.
3.4 Channel Models and Parameters.
3.5 Channel Model Usage.
4 System Concept and Architecture.
4.2 Design Principles and Main Characteristics.
4.3 Logical Node Architecture.
4.4 Protocol and Service Architecture.
5 Modulation and Coding Techniques.
5.2 Basic Modulation and Coding Scheme.
5.3 Coding Schemes.
5.4 Link Adaptation.
5.5 Link Level Aspects of H-ARQ.
6 Link Level Procedures.
6.2 Pilot Design.
6.3 Channel Estimation.
6.4 Radio Frequency Impairments.
6.5 Measurements and Signalling.
6.6 Link Level Synchronisation.
6.7 Network Synchronisation.
7 Advanced Antennas Concept for 4G.
7.2 Multiple Antennas Concept.
7.3 Spatial Adaptation.
7.4 Spatial Schemes.
7.5 Interference Mitigation.
7.6 Pilots, Feedback and Measurements.
7.7 MIMO Aspects in Relaying.
8 Layer-2 Relays for IMT-Advanced Cellular Networks.
8.2 Motivation for Layer-2 Relays and Prior Work.
8.3 Relay-based Deployments.
8.4 Design Choices for Relay-based Cellular Networks.
8.5 System and Network Aspects.
8.6 System-level Performance Evaluation.
9 Multiple Access Schemes and Inter-cell Interference Mitigation Techniques.
9.2 Multiple Access Schemes.
9.3 Inter-cell Interference Mitigation Schemes.
10 Radio Resource Control and System Level Functions.
10.2 IPCL Layer.
10.3 Radio Resource Control.
10.4 Centralised, Distributed and Hybrid RRM Architecture.
10.5 System-Level Performance Results.
11 Sharing and Flexible Spectrum Use Capabilities.
11.2 Spectrum Technologies Framework.
11.3 Detailed Design of a Spectrum Assignment Negotiation Mechanism.
11.4 Spectrum Assignment Enabling Mechanisms.
11.5 WINNER Sharing with FSS.
11.6 Performance Evaluation of Spectrum Assignment Mechanisms.
12 ITU-R Spectrum Demand Calculation for IMT-Advanced.
12.2 ITU-R Work on Spectrum Requirements of IMT-Advanced.
12.3 ITU-R Spectrum Calculation Methodology.
12.4 Software Implementation of Methodology.
12.5 Estimated Spectrum Requirements of IMT-Advanced.
13 System Model, Test Scenarios, and Performance Evaluation.
13.2 Performance Assessment of Wireless Networks.
13.3 Interface between Link and System Simulations.
13.4 Test Scenarios.
13.5 Spectral Efficiency and Number of Satisfied Users under QoS Constraints.
13.6 End-to-End Performance Evaluation.
14 Cost Assessment and Optimisation for WINNER Deployments.
14.2 Cost Assessment Framework and Assumptions.
14.3 Cost Components.
14.4 Cost Assessment Models.
14.5 Reference Deployment Scenarios and Cost Assessments.