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Rainfall: State of the Science

Rainfall: State of the Science

Firat Y. Testik (Editor), Mekonnen Gebremichael (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-67023-1 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 287 Pages

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 191.

Rainfall: State of the Science
offers the most up-to-date knowledge on the fundamental and practical aspects of rainfall. Each chapter, self-contained and written by prominent scientists in their respective fields, provides three forms of information: fundamental principles, detailed overview of current knowledge and description of existing methods, and emerging techniques and future research directions.

The book discusses

  • Rainfall microphysics: raindrop morphodynamics, interactions, size distribution, and evolution
  • Rainfall measurement and estimation: ground-based direct measurement (disdrometer and rain gauge), weather radar rainfall estimation, polarimetric radar rainfall estimation, and satellite rainfall estimation
  • Statistical analyses: intensity-duration-frequency curves, frequency analysis of extreme events, spatial analyses, simulation and disaggregation, ensemble approach for radar rainfall uncertainty, and uncertainty analysis of satellite rainfall products

The book is tailored to be an indispensable reference for researchers, practitioners, and graduate students who study any aspect of rainfall or utilize rainfall information in various science and engineering disciplines.

Firat Y. Testik and Mekonnen Gebremichael vii

Microphysics, Measurement, and Analyses of Rainfall
Mekonnen Gebremichael and Firat Y. Testik 1

Section I: Rainfall Microphysics

Raindrop Morphodynamics
B. K. Jones, J. R. Saylor, and F. Y. Testik 7

The Evolution of Raindrop Spectra: A Review of Microphysical Essentials
K. D. Beheng 29

Raindrop Size Distribution and Evolution
Greg M. McFarquhar 49

Section II: Rainfall Measurement and Estimation

Ground-Based Direct Measurement
Emad Habib, Gyuwon Lee, Dongsoo Kim, and Grzegorz J. Ciach 61

Radar and Multisensor Rainfall Estimation for Hydrologic Applications
Dong-Jun Seo, Alan Seed, and Guy Delrieu 79

Dual-Polarization Radar Rainfall Estimation
Robert Cifelli and V. Chandrasekar 105

Quantitative Precipitation Estimation From Earth Observation Satellites
Chris Kidd, Vincenzo Levizzani, and Sante Laviola 127

Section III: Statistical Analysis

Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves
S. Rocky Durrans 159

Frequency Analysis of Extreme Rainfall Events
Salaheddine El Adlouni and Taha B. M. J. Ouarda 171

Methods and Data Sources for Spatial Prediction of Rainfall
T. Hengl, A. AghaKouchak, and M. Percec Tadic 189

Rainfall Generation
Ashish Sharma and Raj Mehrotra 215

Radar-Rainfall Error Models and Ensemble Generators
Pradeep V. Mandapaka and Urs Germann 247

Framework for Satellite Rainfall Product Evaluation
Mekonnen Gebremichael 265

AGU Category Index 277

Index 279