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Readings in Philosophy of Religion: Ancient to Contemporary

Readings in Philosophy of Religion: Ancient to Contemporary

Linda Zagzebski (Editor), Timothy D. Miller (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-405-18092-4

Mar 2009

672 pages

In Stock



Comprised of readings from ancient to modern times, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to the central questions of the philosophy of religion.
  • Provides a history of the philosophy of religion, from antiquity up to the twentieth century
  • Each section is preceded by extensive commentary written by the editors, followed by readings that are arranged chronologically
  • Designed to be accessible to both undergraduate and graduate students

General Introduction.

Part I: The Philosophical Treatment of Religion: Introduction.

1. The Nature of the Gods, Book 1: Cicero.

Part II: Classical Arguments for Theism: Introduction.

1.1. The Design Argument: Cicero.

1.2. The Fifth Way: Thomas Aquinas.

1.3. The Watch and the Watchmaker: William Paley.

1.4. Critique of the Design Argument: David Hume.

1.5. The Teleological Argument: Robin Collins.

1.6. The Argument from the Appearance of Design: J. J. C. Smart.

2.1. Plato’s Cosmological Argument: Plato.

2.2. The Eternality of Motion and the Unmoved Mover: Aristotle.

2.3. The Kalām Cosmological Argument: Al-Ghazali.

2.4. The Existence and Oneness of God: Moses Maimonides.

2.5. The First Three Ways: Thomas Aquinas.

2.6. The Argument from Dependent Beings: Samuel Clarke.

2.7. Critique of the Cosmological Argument: David Hume.

3.1. Anselm’s Ontological Argument: Anselm.

3.2. Descartes’s Ontological Argument: René Descartes.

3.3. Kant’s Critique of the Three Traditional Proofs: Immanuel Kant.

3.4. The Ontological Argument: Alvin Plantinga.

Part III: Other Approaches to Religious Belief: Introduction.

1.1. The Numinous: Rudolf Otto.

1.2. Mysticism and Religious Experience: William J. Wainwright.

1.3. The Existence of God and the Existence of Homer: Rethinking Theism and Revelatory Claims: Sandra Menssen and Thomas D. Sullivan.

2.1. Truth is Subjectivity: Søren Kierkegaard.

2.2. Kierkegaard’s Arguments against Objective Reasoning in Religion: Robert M. Adams.

2.3. Lectures on Religious Belief: Ludwig Wittgenstein.

3.1. Origin of Religion: David Hume.

3.2. The Essence of Religion in General: Ludwig Feuerbach.

3.3. The Future of an Illusion: Sigmund Freud.

Part IV: Who or What is God?: Introduction.

1. On Being: Melissus of Samos.

2. The Final Cause: Aristotle.

3. The Divine Darkness: Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite.

4. Perfect Being: Anselm.

5. On the Trinity: Richard of St Victor.

6. Omnipotence: Peter Geach.

7. Omniscience and Immutability: Norman Kretzmann.

8. Atemporal Personhood: William L. Craig.

Part V: Fate, Freedom, and Foreknowledge: Introduction.

1. The Sea Battle Argument: Aristotle.

2. On Fate and On Divination: Cicero.

3. God’s Timeless Knowing: Boethius.

4. Ockham on God’s Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents: Marilyn Adams.

5. Middle Knowledge: William Hasker.

Part VI: Religion and Morality: Introduction.

1.1. God is the Measure of All Things: Plato.

1.2. The Moral Argument for the Existence of God: Immanuel Kant.

2.1. The Euthyphro Dilemma: Plato.

2.2. Questions on the Books of the Sentences: Pierre d’Ailly.

2.3. Lectures on Romans: Martin Luther.

2.4. Divine Commands: Robert M. Adams.

2.5. The Virtues of God and the Foundations of Ethics: Linda Zagzebski.

3.1. Selections from Treatise on Law: Thomas Aquinas.

Part VII: The Problem of Evil: Introduction.

1. God is Not the Author of Evil: Plato.

2. On the Anger of God: Lactantius.

3. That Which Is, Is Good: Augustine.

4. On the Free Choice of the Will: Augustine.

5. Formal Summary of the Theodicy: Gottfried Leibniz.

6. Myth of the Goddess Pallas: Gottfried Leibniz.

7. Evil and Omnipotence: J. L. Mackie.

8. The Free Will Defense: Alvin Plantinga.

9. Soul-making Theodicy: John Hick.

10. Friendly Atheism, Skeptical Theism, and the Problem of Evil: William L. Rowe.

11. Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God: Marilyn Adams.

Part VIII: Death and Immortality: Introduction.

1.1. Death is Nothing to Us: Epicurus.

1.2. Death: Thomas Nagel.

2.1. The Separation of the Soul from the Body: Plato.

2.2. The Future Life: Averroes (Ibn Rushd).

2.3. The Possibility of Immortality: René Descartes.

2.4. Personal Identity and Consciousness: John Locke.

2.5. Do We Survive Death?: Bertrand Russell.

2.6. Religious and Near-death Experience in Relation to Belief in a Future Life: Paul Badham.

Part IX: The Diversity of Religions: Introduction.

1. Religious Pluralism and Salvation: John Hick.

2. The Bodhgaya Interview (1981): The Dalai Lama.

3. Christianity and the Non-Christian Religions: Karl Rahner.

4. Self-trust and the Diversity of Religions: Linda Zagzebski.

Part X: Faith, Reason, and the Ethics of Belief: Introduction.

1.1. How Justin Found Philosophy: Justin Martyr.

1.2. Prescriptions against the Heretics: Tertullian.

1.3. In What Respect Philosophy Contributes to the Comprehension of Divine Truth: Clement of Alexandria.

1.4. The Decisive Treatise, Determining the Nature of the Connection between Religion and Philosophy: Averroes (Ibn Rushd).

1.5. Faith and Reason: Thomas Aquinas.

1.6. Belief in God is Natural: John Calvin.

1.7. Faith, Reason, and Enthusiasm: John Locke.

1.8. Return to Reason: The Irrationality of Evidentialism: Kelly James Clark.

2.1. The Wager: Blaise Pascal.

2.2. Pascalian Wagering: Thomas V. Morris.

2.3. The Ethics of Belief: W. K. Clifford.

2.4. The Will to Believe: William James.

Part XI: Science, Religion, and Naturalism: Introduction.

1.1. Miracles: Thomas Aquinas.

1.2. A Discourse of Miracles: John Locke.

1.3. Of Miracles: David Hume.

1.4. David Hume and the Probability of Miracles: George I. Mavrodes.

2.1. Letter to Castelli: Galileo Galilei.

2.2. Signs of Intelligence: William A. Dembski.

2.3. Atheism and Evolution: Daniel C. Dennett.

2.4. Darwin, Design, and Divine Providence: John F. Haught.

2.5. How Naturalism Implies Skepticism: Alvin Plantinga.

2.6. A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand: Plantinga on the Self-defeat of Evolutionary Naturalism: Timothy O’Connor.

  • Provides a comprehensive history of the philosophy of religion, from antiquity up to the twentieth century
  • Each section is preceded by extensive commentary written by the editors, followed by readings that are arranged chronologically
  • Designed to be accessible to both undergraduate and graduate students