Real Analysis: A Historical Approach, 2nd Edition
Real Analysis: A Historical Approach, 2nd Edition
ISBN: 9781118096864 October 2011 316 Pages
Description
A provocative look at the tools and history of real analysisThis new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approach continues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis. Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment, this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete to abstract ideas.
The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famous problems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned in turn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, and trigonometric series in both pure and applied mathematics. Next, Dr. Stahl develops the basic tools of advanced calculus, which introduce the various aspects of the completeness of the real number system as well as sequential continuity and differentiability and lead to the Intermediate and Mean Value Theorems. The Second Edition features:

A chapter on the Riemann integral, including the subject of uniform continuity

Explicit coverage of the epsilondelta convergence

A discussion of the modern preference for the viewpoint of sequences over that of series
Throughout the book, numerous applications and examples reinforce concepts and demonstrate the validity of historical methods and results, while appended excerpts from original historical works shed light on the concerns of influential mathematicians in addition to the difficulties encountered in their work. Each chapter concludes with exercises ranging in level of complexity, and partial solutions are provided at the end of the book.
Real Analysis: A Historical Approach, Second Edition is an ideal book for courses on real analysis and mathematical analysis at the undergraduate level. The book is also a valuable resource for secondary mathematics teachers and mathematicians.
Acknowledgments
1. Archimedes and the Parabola
1.1 The Area of the Parabolic Segment
1.2 The Geometry of the Parabola
2. Fermat, Differentiation, and Integration
2.1 Fermat’s Calculus
3. Newton’s Calculus (Part 1)
3.1 The Fractional Binomial Theorem
3.2 Areas and Infinite Series
3.3 Newton’s Proofs
4. Newton’s Calculus (Part 2)
4.1 The Solution of Differential Equations
4.2 The Solution of Algebraic Equations
Chapter Appendix. Mathematica implementations of Newton’s algorithm
5. Euler
5.1 Trigonometric Series
6. The Real Numbers
6.1 An Informal Introduction
6.2 Ordered Fields
6.3 Completeness and Irrational Numbers
6.4 The Euclidean Process
6.5 Functions
7. Sequences and Their Limits
7.1 The Definitions
7.2 Limit Theorems
8. The Cauchy Property
8.1 Limits of Monotone Sequences
8.2 The Cauchy Property
9. The Convergence of Infinite Series
9.1 Stock Series
9.2 Series of Positive Terms
9.3 Series of Arbitrary Terms
9.4 The Most Celebrated Problem
10. Series of Functions
10.1 Power Series
10.2 Trigonometric Series
11. Continuity
11.1 An Informal Introduction
11.2 The Limit of a Function
11.3 Continuity
11.4 Properties of Continuous Functions
12. Differentiability
12.1 An Informal Introduction to Differentiation
12.2 The Derivative
12.3 The Consequences of Differentiability
12.4 Integrability
13. Uniform Convergence
13.1 Uniform and NonUniform Convergence
13.2 Consequences of Uniform Convergence
14. The Vindication
14.1 Trigonometric Series
14.2 Power Series
15. The Riemann Integral
15.1 Continuity Revisited
15.2 Lower and Upper Sums
15.3 Integrability
Appendix A. Excerpts from "Quadrature of the Parabola" by Archimedes
Appendix B. On a Method for Evaluation of Maxima and Minima by Pierre de Fermat
Appendix C. From a Letter to Henry Oldenburg on the Binomial Series (June 13, 1676) by Isaac Newton
Appendix D. From a Letter to Henry Oldenburg on the Binomial Series (October 24, 1676) by Isaac Newton
Appendix E. Excerpts from "Of Analysis by Equations of an Infinite Number of Terms" by Isaac Newton
Appendix F. Excerpts from "Subsiduum Calculi Sinuum" by Leonhard Euler)
Solutions to Selected Exercises
Bibliography
Index
“Stahl’s book, though relatively modest in its historical ambit, is a workmanlike and very readable introduction to real analysis with a distinctive flavour provided by a plethora of accessible exercises, many of which are historically motivated.” (The Mathematical Gazette, 1 March 2014)