About the Author
Cynthia McDougall, OBE, is professor and director of the MSc in Applied Forensic Psychology at the University of York, and co-director of the University's Centre for Criminal Justice Economics and Psychology. She has wide practical and research experience in crime-related issues, having worked as a probation officer in the community and as a psychologist in prisons, as head of psychology for prison and probation services. She is a chartered forensic psychologist, a consultant psychologist tot eh Durham probation area and a member of HM Prison Service Close Supervision Centres Advisory Group.
David P. Farrington OBE, is professor pf Psychological criminology at the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University. He is also co-chair of the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, a member of the board directors of the International Society of Criminology, and joint editor of Cambridge Studies in Criminology and the Journal Criminology Behaviour and Mental Health. his major research interests is in the longitudinal survey of delinquency and crime, and he is director of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, a prospective longitudinal survey of more than 400 London males between the ages of 8 and 48. In addition to more than 360 published papers on criminological and psychological topics, he has published 41 books, monographs and government publications, one of which ( understanding Controlling Crime, 1986) won the prize for distinguished scholarship of the American Sociological Association criminology section.