DescriptionRefrigeration Systems and Applications, 2nd edition offers a comprehensive treatise that addresses real-life technical and operational problems, enabling the reader to gain an understanding of the fundamental principles and the practical applications of refrigeration technology. New and unique analysis techniques (including exergy as a potential tool), models, correlations, procedures and applications are covered, and recent developments in the field are included - many of which are taken from the author's own research activities in this area. The book also includes some discussion of global warming issues and its potential solutions.
- Enables the reader to gain an understanding of the fundamental principles and the practical applications of refrigeration technologies.
- Discusses crucial industrial technical and operational problems, as well as new performance improvement techniques and tools for better design and analysis.
- Includes fundamental aspects of thermodynamics, fluid flow, and heat transfer; refrigerants; refrigeration cycles and systems; advanced refrigeration cycles and systems, including some novel applications; heat pumps; heat pipes; and many more.
- Provides easy to follow explanations, numerous new chapter-end problems and worked-out examples as learning aids for students and instructors.
Refrigeration is extensively used in a variety of thermal engineering applications ranging from the cooling of electronic devices to food cooling processes. Its wide-ranging implications and applications mean that this industry plays a key role in national and international economies, and it continues to be an area of active research and development. Refrigeration Systems and Applications, 2nd edition forms a useful reference source for graduate and postgraduate students and researchers in academia and as well as practicing engineers working in this important field who are interested in refrigeration systems and applications and the methods and analysis tools for their analysis, design and performance improvement.
1 General Aspects of Thermodynamics, Fluid Flow, and Heat Transfer.
1.2 Thermodynamic Properties.
1.3 Ideal Gases.
1.4 Energy Change and Energy Transfer.
1.5 The First Law of Thermodynamics.
1.6 Refrigerators and Heat Pumps.
1.7 The Carnot Refrigeration Cycle.
1.8 The Second Law of Thermodynamics.
1.11 General Aspects of Fluid Flow.
1.12 General Aspects of Heat Transfer.
1.13 Concluding Remarks.
2.2 Classification of Refrigerants.
2.3 Prefixes and Decoding of Refrigerants.
2.4 Secondary Refrigerants.
2.5 Refrigerant-Absorbent Combinations.
2.6 Stratospheric Ozone Layer.
2.7 Greenhouse Effect (Global Warming).
2.8 Clean Air Act (CAA).
2.9 Alternative Refrigerants.
2.10 Selection of Refrigerants.
2.11 Thermophysical Properties of Refrigerants.
2.12 Lubricating Oils and Their Effects.
2.13 Concluding Remarks.
3 Refrigeration System Components.
3.2 History of Refrigeration.
3.3 Main Refrigeration Systems.
3.4 Refrigeration System Components.
3.8 Throttling Devices.
3.9 Auxiliary Devices.
3.10 Concluding Remarks.
4 Refrigeration Cycles and Systems.
4.2 Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems.
4.3 Energy Analysis of Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle.
4.4 Exergy Analysis of Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle.
4.5 Practical Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle.
4.6 Air-Standard Refrigeration Systems.
4.7 Absorption Refrigeration Systems (ARSs).
4.8 Concluding Remarks.
5 Advanced Refrigeration Cycles and Systems.
5.2 Multistage Refrigeration Cycles.
5.3 Cascade Refrigeration Systems.
5.4 Liquefaction of Gases.
5.5 Steam Jet Refrigeration Systems.
5.6 Thermoelectric Refrigeration.
5.7 Thermoacoustic Refrigeration.
5.8 Metal Hydride Refrigeration Systems.
5.9 Solar Refrigeration.
5.10 Magnetic Refrigeration.
5.11 Supermarket Refrigeration.
5.12 Concluding Remarks.
6 Heat Pumps.
6.2 Heat Pumps.
6.3 Sectoral Heat Pump Utilization.
6.4 Heat Pump Applications in Industry.
6.5 Heat Sources.
6.6 Classification of Heat Pumps.
6.7 Solar Heat Pumps.
6.8 Ice Source Heat Pumps.
6.9 Main Heat Pump Systems.
6.10 Vapor-Compression Heat Pump Systems.
6.11 Energy Analysis of Vapor-Compression Heat Pump Cycle.
6.12 Exergy Analysis of Vapor-Compression Heat Pump Cycle.
6.13 Mechanical-Vapor-Recompression (MVR) Heat Pump Systems.
6.14 Cascaded Heat Pump Systems.
6.15 Rankine-Powered Heat Pump Systems.
6.16 Quasi-Open-Cycle Heat Pump Systems.
6.17 Vapor Jet Heat Pump Systems.
6.18 Chemical Heat Pump Systems.
6.19 Metal Hydride Heat Pump Systems.
6.20 Thermoelectric Heat Pump Systems.
6.21 Resorption Heat Pump Systems.
6.22 Absorption Heat Pump (AHP) Systems.
6.23 Heat Transformer Heat Pump Systems.
6.24 Refrigerants and Working Fluids.
6.25 Technical Aspects of Heat Pumps.
6.26 Operational Aspects of Heat Pumps.
6.27 Performance Evaluation Aspects of Heat Pumps.
6.28 Ground-Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs.
6.29 Heat Pumps and Energy Savings.
6.30 Heat Pumps and Environmental Impacts.
6.31 Concluding Remarks.
7 Heat Pipes.
7.2 Heat Pipes.
7.3 Heat Pipe Applications.
7.4 Heat Pipes for Electronics Cooling.
7.5 Types of Heat Pipes.
7.6 Heat Pipe Components.
7.7 Operational Principles of Heat Pipes.
7.8 Heat Pipe Performance.
7.9 Design and Manufacture of Heat Pipes.
7.10 Heat-Transfer Limitations.
7.11 Heat Pipes in HVAC.
7.12 Concluding Remarks.
Appendix A - Conversion Factors.
Appendix B - Thermophysical Properties.
Appendix C - Food Refrigeration Data.