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Renewable Raw Materials: New Feedstocks for the Chemical Industry

Renewable Raw Materials: New Feedstocks for the Chemical Industry

Roland Ulber (Editor), Dieter Sell (Editor), Thomas Hirth (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-63420-0

Apr 2011

244 pages

$148.99

Description

One of the main challenges facing the chemical industry is the transition to sustainable operations. Industries are taking initiatives to reduce resource intensities or footprints, and by adopting safer materials and processes. Such efforts need to be supported by techniques that can quantify the broad economic and environmental implications of industrial operations, retrofi t options and provide new design alternatives.
This contemporary overview focuses on cradle-to-grave life cycle assessments of existing or conceptual processes for producing valueadded fuels, chemicals, and/or materials from renewable agricultural residues, plant-derived starches and oils, lignocellulosic biomass, and plant-based industrial processing wastes.
It presents the key concepts, systems, and technologies, with an emphasis on new feedstocks for the chemical industry. Each chapter uses common themes of specifi c raw materials, thus forming a natural progression throughout the book. The result is coverage from a wide range of perspectives, emphasizing not only the technical issues but also considering the market place and socio-economic aspects.
INTRODUCTION TO RENEWABLE RESOURCES IN THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
PLANTS AS BIOREACTORS: PRODUCTION AND USE OF PLANT-DERIVED SECONDARY METABOLITES, ENZYMES, AND PHARMACEUTICAL PROTEINS
Introduction
Renewable Resources in the Chemical Industry
Fine Chemicals and Drugs
Plant-Made Pharmaceuticals
WORLD AGRICULTURAL CAPACITY
Petrochemicals Today
Renewable Chemicals
Agricultural Production
Supplying the Chemical Industry
Summary
LOGISTICS OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS
Introduction
Determining Factors for the Logistics of Industrial Utilization Chains for Renewable Raw Materials
Processing Steps of Renewable Raw Material Logistic Chains
Design and Planning of Renewable Raw Material Logistic Chains
Summary and Conclusions
EXISTING VALUE CHAINS
Industrial Biotechnology Today -
Main Products, Substrates, and Raw Materials
White Biotechnology -
Future Products from Today's Raw Materials?
Effects of Feedstock and Process Technology onthe Production Cost of Chemicals
New Raw Materials for White Biotechnology
Case Studies: Lignocellulose as Raw Material and Intermediates
Case Studies: "SCOs" as Raw Material and Intermediate
Conclusions
FUTURE BIOREFINERIES
Introduction
Current and Future Outlook for Biofuels
Chemicals from Renewable Resources
The Role of Clean Technologies in Biorefineries
The Size of Future Biorefineries
Conclusions
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE INDUSTRIAL USE OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS
Introduction
Biorefinery Industry and the Development of EU Rural Areas
From Analytic to Systemic Modeling Methodology of the Biorefinery Industry
Stakeholders' Perceptions of Biorefinery in Rural Areas: Issues and Lessons from the South of Italy
Concluding Remarks
BIOBASED PRODUCTS -
MARKET NEEDS AND OPPORTUNITIES
Introduction
Definition
Basic Technology for the Conversion of Renewable Raw Materials
Classes of Bioproducts
Current Status
Outlook and Perspectives
LIFE-CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BIOBASED PRODUCTS
Introduction: Why Life-Cycle Analysis of Biobased Products?
The Methodological Framework of LCA
Specific Methodological Aspects for LCA for Biobased Products
LCA Studies for Biobased Products: Major Findings and Insights
Conclusions
CONCLUSION