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Residual Currents and Long-Term Transport

Residual Currents and Long-Term Transport

R. T. Cheng (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66393-6

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

544 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 38.

Estuaries, bays, and contiguous coastal seas of the world are the most valuable and yet most vulnerable marine ecosystems. For centuries, society has placed enormous value on coastal areas for living, working, and recreation. In nearly all regions of the world, the largest population is distributed along the coastlines. The marine ecosystems provide food, shelter, and spawning grounds for fisheries, and refuge and sanctuary for wildlife. Dramatic increases in the population living in coastal regions have changed the pattern of land use and the movement of sediments. Obviously, these changes have not come without a price. Accompanying the coastal population increase is competition for the use of estuarine and coastal resources: the diversion of fresh water for irrigation and the discharge of waste water into these systems. The changing patterns of water use have resulted in deterioration of water quality, and in irreversible impacts on many marine ecosystems. All of these alterations directly affect the economic development and the quality of life in adjacent regions.


Part I. Introduction

Ralph T. Cheng  3

Interdisciplinary Estuarine Research: A Challenge for the Future
David G. Aubrey 7

Part II. Residual Currents

The Dynamics of Long-Term Mass Transport in Estuaries
John M. Hamrick  17

On the Lagrangian Residual Velocity and the Kass-Transport in a Multi-Frequency Oscillatory System
Shizuo Feng 34

Residual Circulation in Shallow Estuaries: Shear, Stratification and Transport Processes
David A. Jay  49

Dynamics of Tidally Forced Basin-wide Coastal Eddies
Andre W. Visser, Malcolm J. Bowman, and William R. Crawford  64

Three-Dimensional Modeling of the Tidally Induced Residual Circulation Off Southwest Nova Scotia
Kim-Tai Tee and Denis Lefaivre  79

Residual Currents in the Western Dutch Wadden Sea
H. Ridderinkhof and J.T.F. Zimmerman 93

Impacts of Relative Sea-level Rise on Evolution of Shallow Estuaries
Carl T. Friedrichs, David G. Aubrey, and Paul E. Speer  105

Wind Domination of Residual Tidal Transport in a Coastal Lagoon
Ned P. Smith 123

Part III. Salt Mixing and Transport

Salinity Stratification and Vertical Shear Transport in an Estuary
R.J. Uncles and J.A. Stephens 137

Longitudinal Dispersion of Salt in the Volkerak Estuary
J. van de Kreeke 151

Mixing and Trapping in Australian Tropical Coastal Waters
Eric Wolanski and Peter Ridd 165

Control of Estuarine Salinities by Coastal Ocean Salinity
William J. Wiseman, Jr., E.M. Swenson, and F.J. Kelly 184

Mixing Processes in a Numerical Model of the Western Dutch Wadden Sea
H. Ridderinkhof and J.T.F. Zimmerman 194

Numerical Simulation of Tidal Dispersion Around a Coastal Headland
Richard P. Signell and W. Rockwell Geyer 210

Circulation in the Salt Wedge Estuaries
Gerhard H. Jirka 223

Part IV. Sediment Transport

Laboratory Experiments on Sedimentation of Fine-grained Sediments: A State-ofthe- Art Review in the Light of Experiments with the Delft Tidal Flume
Wim van Leussen and Johan C. Winterwerp 241

Estuarine Boundary Layers and Sediment Transport
W.H. McAnally, Jr. and E.J. Hayter 260

Morphological Processes in Shallow Tidal Seas
H. J. de Vriend 276

Suspended Sediment Transport Processes in the Southern North Sea
J. Dronkers, J. S. L. J, van Alphen, and J.C. Borst 302

Some Observations on Erosion and Entrainment of Estuarine Fluid Muds
Panagiotis D. Scarlatos and Ashish J. Mehta 321

A Plume Front in Hangzhou Bay and its Role in Suspended Sediment Transport
Su Jilan, Wang Kangshan, and Li Yan 333

Currents and Sediment Transport in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan
Tetsuo Yanagi 348

Simulation of Suspended Sediment Dispersion in the North Sea
Walter Puis and J. Sundermann 356

Part V. Field Observations and Other Applications

Variations in Horizontal Density Gradient Forcing at the Mouth of an Estuary
Glenn A. Cannon 375

Persistence of Residual Currents in the James River Estuary and its Implication to Mass Transport
Albert Y. Kuo, John M. Hamrick, and Gamble M. Sisson 389

Measurements of Residual Currents in the Coastal Zone with the OSCR HF Radar:
A Review of Results from the May 1985 Experiment
John P. Matthews, David Prandle, and John H. Simpson 402

Analyses of Flux Measurements in the River Mersey
David Prandle, A. Murray, and R. Johnson 413

Dynamics of Peel-Harvey Estuary, Southwest Australia
C.J. Hearn and R.J. Lukatelich 431

On the Summer Circulation in New York Bight and Contiguous Estuarine Waters
Alan F. Blumberg and Boris Galperin 451

Salinity Intrusion and Residual Circulation in Delaware Bay During the Drought of 1984
B. Galperin and George L. Mellor 469

Wind and River Induced Fluctuations in a Small, Shallow, Tributary Estuary
William W. Schroeder, William J. Wiseman, Jr., and Scott P. Dinnel 481

Circulation Dynamics in Mt. Hope Bay and the Lower Taunton River
Malcolm L. Spaulding and Frank M. White 494

Part VI. Interdisciplinary Studies
Recruitment in Estuarine Benthic Communities: The Role of Physical Processes
Timothy R. Jacobsen, James D. Milutinovic, and James R. Miller 513

A 3-D Eutrophication-diffusion Model of the Venice Lagoon: Some Applications
Camillo Dejak, Davide Franco, Roberto Pastres, and Giovanni Pecenik 526

List of Contributors 539