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Risk Management At The Top: A Guide to Risk and its Governance in Financial Institutions

Risk Management At The Top: A Guide to Risk and its Governance in Financial Institutions

Mark Laycock

ISBN: 978-1-118-49745-6

Mar 2014

336 pages

$46.99

Description

With over 30 years’ experience of risk management in banks, Mark Laycock provides a comprehensive but succinct non-technical overview of risk and its governance in financial institutions. Bridging the gap between texts on governance and the increasingly technical aspects of risk management the book covers the main risk types experienced by banks – credit, market, operational and liquidity - outlines those risks before considering them from a governance perspective including the Board and Executive Management.

Addressing terminology issues that can confuse dialogue, and by providing a bibliography alongside each chapter for more detailed discussion of the topic this book will ground readers with the knowledge they require to understand the unknown unknowns.

About the Author xiii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Introduction 2

1.2 Boards 3

1.3 Why Now? 5

1.4 Rest of the Book 7

Further Reading 9

PART I RISK OVERSIGHT 11

2 Risk – An Overview 15

2.1 Terminology 16

2.2 Role of Banks and Risk 22

2.3 Sources of Risk and Uncertainty 25

2.4 Capital 28

2.5 Issues to Consider 34

Further Reading 35

3 Risk Oversight 37

3.1 Introduction 38

3.2 Perspective 39

3.3 Models 43

3.4 Risk Framework 45

3.5 Biases 54

3.6 Issues to Consider 56

Further Reading 57

4 Risk Management 59

4.1 Introduction 60

4.2 Terminology and Components 61

4.3 Risk Management Cycle 65

4.4 Issues to Consider 73

Further Reading 74

5 Risk Appetite 75

5.1 Introduction 76

5.2 Terminology and Concept 77

5.3 Stakeholders 79

5.4 Expressions of Risk Appetite 82

5.5 Framework 87

5.6 Risk Reporting 91

5.7 Issues to Consider 94

Further Reading 95

6 RiskCulture 97

6.1 Introduction 98

6.2 Terminology 100

6.3 Assessing and Influencing Risk Culture 108

6.4 Monitoring Risk Culture 117

6.5 Issues to Consider 118

Further Reading 119

PART II SPECIFIC RISKS 121

7 Credit Risk 125

7.1 Introduction 126

7.2 Definition of Credit Risk 127

7.3 Framework 130

7.4 Risk Appetite Metrics 134

7.5 Credit Risk Management 149

7.6 Issues to Consider 158

Further Reading 158

8 Market Risk 159

8.1 Introduction 160

8.2 Definition of Market Risk 161

8.3 Market Risk Framework 164

8.4 Market Risk Estimation 171

8.5 Market Risk Management 183

8.6 Issues to Consider 188

Further Reading 188

9 Operational Risk 191

9.1 Introduction 192

9.2 Definition of Operational Risk 193

9.3 Operational Risk Framework 196

9.4 Operational Risk Estimation 202

9.5 Operational Risk Management 208

9.6 Issues to Consider 213

Further Reading 214

10 Liquidity Risk 215

10.1 Introduction 216

10.2 Definition of Liquidity Risk 217

10.3 Liquidity Risk Framework 220

10.4 Liquidity Risk Measurement 224

10.5 Liquidity Risk Management 229

10.6 Issues to Consider 233

Further Reading 234

11 Other Risks 235

11.1 Introduction 236

11.2 Reputational Risk 237

11.3 Strategic Risk 239

11.4 Business Risk 241

11.5 Other Market Risks 242

11.6 Model Risk 244

11.7 Supplier Risk 247

11.8 Resources 249

11.9 Issues to Consider 251

Further Reading 252

12 Risk Interactions 253

12.1 Introduction 254

12.2 Risks as Frequency and Severity Drivers 256

12.3 Risk Interactions 259

12.4 Implications for Risk Management and Measurement 266

12.5 Issues to Consider 269

Further Reading 269

PART III REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT 271

13 Regulatory Environment 275

13.1 Introduction 276

13.2 Structure of Prudential Regulatory Process 277

13.3 Scope of Prudential Regulation 286

13.4 Regulatory Influence 299

Further Reading 303

Disclaimer Regarding Excerpts from S&P Materials 305

Index 307