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Sampling of Populations: Methods and Applications, 4th Edition

Sampling of Populations: Methods and Applications, 4th Edition

Paul S. Levy, Stanley Lemeshow

ISBN: 978-1-118-62731-0

Jun 2013

616 pages



A trusted classic on the key methods in population sampling—now in a modernized and expanded new edition

Sampling of Populations, Fourth Edition continues to serve as an all-inclusive resource on the basic and most current practices in population sampling. Maintaining the clear and accessible style of the previous edition, this book outlines the essential statistical methodsfor survey design and analysis, while also exploring techniques that have developed over the past decade.

The Fourth Edition successfully guides the reader through the basic concepts and procedures that accompany real-world sample surveys, such as sampling designs, problems of missing data, statistical analysis of multistage sampling data, and nonresponse and poststratification adjustment procedures. Rather than employ a heavily mathematical approach, the authors present illustrative examples that demonstrate the rationale behind common steps in the sampling process, from creating effective surveys to analyzing collected data. Along with established methods, modern topics are treated through the book's new features, which include:

  • A new chapter on telephone sampling, with coverage of declining response rates, the creation of "do not call" lists, and the growing use of cellular phones
  • A new chapter on sample weighting that focuses on adjustments to weight for nonresponse, frame deficiencies, and the effects of estimator instability
  • An updated discussion of sample survey data analysis that includes analytic procedures for estimation and hypothesis testing
  • A new section on Chromy's widely used method of taking probability proportional to size samples with minimum replacement of primary sampling units
  • An expanded index with references on the latest research in the field

All of the book's examples and exercises can be easily worked out using various software packages including SAS, STATA, and SUDAAN, and an extensive FTP site contains additional data sets. With its comprehensive presentation and wealth of relevant examples, Sampling of Populations, Fourth Edition is an ideal book for courses on survey sampling at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for practicing statisticians who would like to refresh their knowledge of sampling techniques.

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Getting Files from the Wiley ftp and Internet Sites.

List of Data Sites Provides on Web Site.

Preface to the Fourth Edition.

Part 1: Basic Concepts.

 1. Use of Sample Surveys.

2. The Population and the Sample.

Part 2: Major Sampling Designs and Estimation Procedures.

3. Simple Random Sampling.

4. Systematic Sampling.

5. Stratification and Stratified Random Sampling.

6. Stratified Random Sampling: Further Issues.

7. Ratio Estimation.

8. Cluster Sampling: Introduction and Overview.

9. Simple One-Stage Cluster Sampling.

10. Two-Stage Cluster Sampling: Clusters Sampled with Equal Probability.

11. Cluster Sampling in Which Clusters Are Sampled with Unequal Probability: Probability Proportional to Size Sampling.

12. Variance Estimation in Complex Sample Surveys.

Part 3: Selected Topics in Sample Survey Methodology.

13. Nonresponse and Missing Data in Sample Surveys.

14. Selected Topics in Sample Design and Estimation Methodology.

15. Telephone Survey Sampling (Michael W. Link and Mansour Fahimi).

16. Constructing the Survey Weights (Paul P. Biemer and Sharon L. Christ).

17. Strategies for Design-Based Analysis of Sample Survey Data.


Answers to Selected Exercises.


  • The emphasis is on presentation of the most widely used sampling designs today, including a completely revised chapter on telephone sampling.
  • New chapters devoted to disclosure analysis; weight trimming, raking, and calibration; and small area estimation, and a new section on sampling of controls for case-control studies have been added to reflect some of the many changes in the field since the last edition. 
  • Many new and updated examples and practice exercises have been added while obsolete ones have been deleted.
“The book remains a very appropriately written text for classroom use, especially for students studying public health or epidemiology, or for undergraduate majors in statistics and related fields.” (Biometrics, June 2009)
  • Illustrative examples detailing how statistical analysis can be performed by means of software now available for use on personal computers and designed specifically for analysis of sample survey data (SAS, SPSS, SUDDAN among them) have been woven throughout the text. 
  • The index has been expanded to include more entries with wider reference points.
    • The book provides a wealth of examples illustrating key statistical issues with data sets available via the book's FTP site.