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Satellite Technology: Principles and Applications, 2nd Edition

Satellite Technology: Principles and Applications, 2nd Edition

Anil K. Maini, Varsha Agrawal

ISBN: 978-1-119-95727-0

Jun 2011

694 pages


A comprehensive, single-source reference on satellite technology and its applications, Satellite Technology: Principles and Applications, Second Editionincludes the latest developments on the topic. Covering the features and facilities of satellites and satellite launch vehicles, with an emphasis on the fundamental principles and concepts, the authors provide readers with a complete understanding of the technology. This book explains the past, present and future satellite missions, as well as non-communication related applications. Coverage ranges from remote sensing and navigational uses to meteorological and military areas.

This second edition contains an additional chapter on earth station design and gives extensive focus to space based weapon systems, satellite interference and future trends in satellite technology. Extra information has also been provided on all of the first edition’s topics to enhance the existing coverage.

  • Fully updated new edition with latest technological developments
  • Covers the full range of important applications such remote sensing, weather forecasting, navigational, scientific and military applications
  • Amply illustrated with figures and photographs, this book also contains problems with solutions, which is of benefit students at undergraduate and graduate levels
  • An indispensible book for professionals and students in the field of satellite technology
  • Companion website provides a complete and updated compendium on satellites and satellite launch vehicles

Related Resources

Table of Contents



1 Introduction to Satellites and Their Applications

1.1 Ever-expanding Application Spectrum

1.2 What is a Satellite?

1.3 History of the Evolution of Satellites

1.4 Evolution of Launch Vehicles

1.5 Future Trends

Further Reading


2 Satellite Orbits and Trajectories

2.1 Definition of an Orbit and a Trajectory

2.2 Orbiting Satellites – Basic Principles

2.3 Orbital Parameters

2.4 Injection Velocity and Resulting Satellite Trajectories

2.5 Types of Satellite Orbits

Further Reading


3 Satellite Launch and In-Orbit Operations

3.1 Acquiring the Desired Orbit

3.2 Launch Sequence

3.3 Orbital Perturbations

3.4 Satellite Stabilization

3.5 Orbital Effects on Satellite’s Performance

3.6 Eclipses

3.7 Look Angles of a Satellite

3.8 Earth Coverage and Ground Tracks

Further Reading


4 Satellite Hardware

4.1 Satellite Subsystems

4.2 Mechanical Structure

4.3 Propulsion Subsystem

4.4 Thermal Control Subsystem

4.5 Power Supply Subsystem

4.6 Attitude and Orbit Control

4.6.1 Attitude Control

4.6.2 Orbit Control

4.7 Tracking, Telemetry and Command Subsystem

4.8 Payload

4.9 Antenna Subsystem

4.10 Space Qualification and Equipment Reliability

Further Reading


5 Communication Techniques

5.1 Types of Information Signals

5.2 Amplitude Modulation

5.3 Frequency Modulation

5.4 Pulse Communication Systems

5.5 Sampling Theorem

5.6 Shannon–Hartley Theorem

5.7 Digital Modulation Techniques

5.8 Multiplexing Techniques

Further Reading


6 Multiple Access Techniques

6.1 Introduction to Multiple Access Techniques

6.2 Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA)

6.3 Single Channel per Carrier (SCPC) Systems

6.4 Multiple Channels Per Carrier (MCPC) Systems

6.5 Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)

6.6 TDMA Frame Structure

6.7 TDMA Burst Structure

6.8 Computing Unique Word Detection Probability

6.9 TDMA Frame Efficiency

6.10 Control and Coordination of Traffic

6.11 Frame Acquisition and Synchronization

6.12 FDMA vs. TDMA

6.13 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)

6.14 Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA)

Further Reading


7 Satellite Link Design Fundamentals

7.1 Transmission Equation

7.2 Satellite Link Parameters

7.3 Frequency Considerations

7.4 Propagation Considerations

7.5 Techniques to Counter Propagation Effects

7.6 Noise Considerations

7.7 Interference-related Problems

7.8 Antenna Gain-to-noise Temperature (G/T) Ratio

7.9 Link Design

Further Reading


8 Earth Station

  1. Earth Station
  2. Types of Earth Stations
  3. Earth Station Architecture
  4. Earth Station Design Considerations
  5. Earth Station Testing
  6. Earth Station Hardware
  7. Satellite Tracking
  8. Some Representative Earth Stations

Further Reading




9 Communication Satellites

9.1 Introduction to Communication Satellites

9.2 Communication-Related Applications of Satellites

9.3 Frequency Bands

9.4 Payloads

9.5 Satellite versus Terrestrial Networks

9.6 Satellite Telephony

9.7 Satellite Television

9.8 Satellite Radio

9.9 Satellite Data Communication Services

9.10 Important Missions

9.11 Future Trends

Further Reading


10 Remote Sensing Satellites

10.1 Remote Sensing – An Overview

10.2 Classification of Satellite Remote Sensing Systems

10.3 Remote Sensing Satellite Orbits

10.4 Remote Sensing Satellite Payloads

10.5 Passive Sensors

10.6 Active Sensors

10.7 Types of Images

10.8 Image Classification

10.9 Image Interpretation

10.10 Applications of Remote Sensing Satellites

10.11 Major Remote Sensing Missions

10.12 Future Trends

Further Reading


11 Weather Satellites

11.1 Weather Forecasting – An Overview

11.2 Weather Forecasting Satellite Fundamentals 11.3 Images from Weather Forecasting Satellites

11.4 Weather Forecasting Satellite Orbits

11.5 Weather Forecasting Satellite Payloads

11.6 Image Processing and Analysis

11.7 Weather Forecasting Satellite Applications

11.8 Major Weather Forecasting Satellite Missions

11.9 Future of Weather Forecasting Satellite Systems

Further Reading


12 Navigation Satellites

12.1 Development of Satellite Navigation Systems

12.2 Global Positioning System (GPS)

12.3 Working Principle of the GPS

12.4 GPS Positioning Services and Positioning Modes

12.5 GPS Error Sources

12.6 GLONASS Satellite System

12.7 GPS-GLONASS Integration

12.8 Applications of Satellite Navigation Systems

12.9 Future of Satellite Navigation Systems

Further Reading


13 Scientific Satellites

13.1 Satellite-Based versus Ground-Based Scientific Techniques

13.2 Payloads on Board Scientific Satellites

13.3 Applications of Scientific Satellites – Study of Earth

13.4 Observation of the Earth’s Environment

13.5 Astronomical Observations

13.6 Missions for Studying Planets of the Solar System

13.7 Missions Beyond the Solar System

13.8 Other Fields of Investigation

13.9 Future Trends

Further Reading


14 Military Satellites

14.1 Military Satellites – An Overview

14.2 Satellite Military Communication

14.3 Development of Military Communication Satellite Systems

14.4 Frequency Spectrum Utilized by Military Communication Satellite


14.5 Dual-use Military Satellite Communication Satellite Systems

14.6 Reconnaissance Satellites

14.7 SIGINT Satellites

14.8 Early Warning Satellites

14.9 Nuclear Explosion Satellites

14.10 Military Weather Forecasting Satellites

14.11 Military Navigation Satellites

14.12 Space Weapons

14.13 Strategic Defence Initiative

14.14 Directed Energy Laser Weapons

14.15 Advanced Concepts

Further Reading


Subject Index

"This timely update of the 2007 edition incorporates the latest advances in satellite technology, with a new chapter on earth station design and particular focus on space-based weapons systems, satellite interference issues, and future trends in the field." (Booknews, 1 February 2011)