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Satellite Technology: Principles and Applications

Satellite Technology: Principles and Applications

Anil K. Maini, Varsha Agrawal

ISBN: 978-0-470-05790-2 November 2006 576 Pages


Offering readers a concise and yet comprehensive reference, Satellite Technology provides a unique coverage of both the principles and applications in this wide field. This book covers the technological and application aspects of satellites in one volume, ensuring not only extensive coverage of communications-related applications of satellites, but also other important applications such as remote sensing, weather forecasting, navigation, scientific and military.

The essentials of satellite technology are explained, by giving an introduction to the fundamental topics such as orbits and trajectories, launch and in-orbit operations before going on to describe satellite hardware, communication techniques, multiple access techniques and link design. Topics range from the history and evolution of satellites, and the laws governing motion of artificial satellites around earth, to multiplexing techniques, satellite subsystems and link design fundamentals.

  • Amply illustrated with a large number of figures and photographs, as well as relevant mathematics and design examples
  • Contains a large number of problems with solutions, which would particularly benefit students at undergraduate and graduate levels
  • Companion website provides a complete compendium on features and facilities of satellites and satellite launch vehicles from past, present and planned futuristic satellite missions for various applications

The coverage of satellite technology together with its applications make the book an essential reference book for professionals, R&D scientists and engineers and students at undergraduate and postgraduate level.


Part I Satellite Technology.

1 Introduction to Satellites and their Applications.

1.1 Ever-expanding Application Spectrum.

1.2 What is a Satellite?

1.3 History of the Evolution of Satellites.

1.4 Evolution of Launch Vehicles.

2 Satellite Orbits and Trajectories.

2.1 Definition of an Orbit and a Trajectory.

2.2 Orbiting Satellites – Basic Principles.

2.3 Orbital Parameters.

2.4 Injection Velocity and Resulting Satellite Trajectories.

2.5 Types of Satellite Orbits.

3 Satellite Launch and In-Orbit Operations.

3.1 Acquiring the Desired Orbit.

3.2 Launch Sequence.

3.3 Satellite Stabilization.

3.4 Eclipses.

3.5 Earth Station’s Azimuth and Elevation Angles.

3.6 Earth Coverage and Ground Tracks.

4 Satellite Hardware.

4.1 Satellite Subsystems.

4.2 Mechanical Structure.

4.3 Propulsion Subsystem.

4.4 Thermal Control Subsystem.

4.5 Power Supply Subsystem.

4.6 Attitude and Orbit Control.

4.7 Tracking, Telemetry and Command Subsystem.

4.8 Payload.

4.9 Antenna Subsystem.

5 Communication Techniques.

5.1 Types of Information Signals.

5.2 Amplitude Modulation.

5.3 Frequency Modulation.

5.4 Pulse Communication Systems.

5.5 Sampling Theorem.

5.6 Shannon–Hartley Theorem.

5.7 Digital Modulation Techniques.

5.8 Multiplexing Techniques.

6 Multiple Access Techniques.

6.1 Introduction to Multiple Access Techniques.

6.2 Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA).

6.3 Single Channel Per Carrier (SCPC) Systems.

6.4 Multiple Channels Per Carrier (MCPC) Systems.

6.5 Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA).

6.6 TDMA Frame Structure.

6.7 TDMA Burst Structure.

6.8 Computing Unique Word Detection Probability.

6.9 TDMA Frame Efficiency.

6.10 Control and Coordination of Traffic.

6.11 Frame Acquisition and Synchronization.

6.12 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA).

6.13 Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA).

7 Satellite Link Design Fundamentals.

7.1 Transmission Equation.

7.2 Satellite Link Parameters.

7.3 Frequency Considerations.

7.4 Propagation Considerations.

7.5 Noise Considerations.

7.6 Interference-related Problems.

7.7 Antenna Gain-to-noise Temperature (G/T) Ratio.

7.8 Link Budget.

Part II Satellite Applications.

8 Communication Satellites.

8.1 Introduction to Communication Satellites.

8.2 Communication-related Applications of Satellites.

8.3 Frequency Bands.

8.4 Payloads.

8.5 Satellite versus Terrestrial Networks.

8.6 Satellite Telephony.

8.7 Satellite Television.

8.8 Satellite Radio.

8.9 Satellite Data Communication Services.

8.10 Important Missions.

9 Remote Sensing Satellites.

9.1 Remote Sensing – An Overview.

9.2 Classification of Satellite Remote Sensing Systems.

9.3 Remote Sensing Satellite Orbits.

9.4 Remote Sensing Satellite Payloads.

9.5 Passive Sensors.

9.6 Active Sensors.

9.7 Types of Images.

9.8 Image Classification.

9.9 Image Interpretation.

9.10 Applications of Remote Sensing Satellites.

9.11 Major Remote Sensing Missions.

10 Weather Satellites.

10.1 Weather Forecasting – An Overview.

10.2 Weather Satellite Fundamentals.

10.3 Images from Weather Satellites.

10.4 Weather Satellite Orbits.

10.5 Weather Satellite Payloads.

10.6 Image Processing and Analysis.

10.7 Weather Satellite Applications.

10.8 Major Weather Satellite Missions.

11 Navigation Satellites.

11.1 Development of Satellite Navigation Systems.

11.2 Global Positioning System (GPS).

11.3 Working Principle of the GPS.

11.4 GPS Positioning Services and Positioning Modes.

11.5 GPS Error Sources.

11.6 GLONASS Satellite System.

11.7 GPS-GLONASS Integration.

11.8 Applications of Satellite Navigation Systems.

11.9 Future of Satellite Navigation Systems.

12 Scientific Satellites.

12.1 Space-Based versus Ground-Based Scientific Techniques.

12.2 Payloads on Board Scientific Satellites.

12.3 Applications of Scientific Satellites – Study of Earth.

12.4 Observation of the Earth’s Environment.

12.5 Astronomical Observations.

12.6 Missions for Studying Planets of the Solar System.

12.7 Missions beyond the Solar System.

12.8 Other Fields of Investigation.

13 Military Satellites.

13.1 Military Satellites – An Overview.

13.2 Satellite Military Communication.

13.3 Development of Military Satellite Communication Systems.

13.4 Frequency Spectrum Utilized by Space Systems.

13.5 Dual-use Military Satellite Communication Systems.

13.6 Reconnaisance Satellites.

13.7 SIGINT Satellites.

13.8 Early Warning Satellites.

13.9 Nuclear Explosion Satellites.

13.10 Military Weather Forecasting Satellites.

13.11 Military Navigation Satellites.

Subject Index.