Table of contents
Preface to the Third Edition
1. Science and Religion: Exploring a Relationship
Why study Science and Religion?
The Chessboard: The Diversity of Science and Religion
Ian Barbour’s Four Models of the Relation of Science and Religion
Four Ways of Imagining the Relation of Science and Religion:
Science and Religion offer Distinct Perspectives on Reality
Science and Religion engage Distinct Levels of Reality
Science and Religion offer Distinct Maps of Reality
The Two Books: Two Complementary Approaches to Reality
2. Getting Started: Some Historical Landmarks
Why study history?
The Invention of the ‘Warfare’ of Science and Religion
The ‘Essentialist Fallacy’ about Science and Religion
Dispelling Myths about Science and Religion
The Importance of Biblical Interpretation
The Emergence of the Medieval Synthesis
Copernicus, Galileo and the Solar System
Newton, the Mechanical Universe, and Deism
Darwin and the Biological Origins of Humanity
The ‘Big Bang’: New Insights into the Origins of the Universe
3. Religion and the Philosophy of Science
Fact and Fiction: Realism and Instrumentalism
Theology and Debates about Realism
Explanation, Ontology and Epistemology: Research Methods and the Investigation of Reality
A Case Study in Explanation: Nancey Murphy on ‘Non-Reductive Physicalism’.
What does it mean to explain something?
Ontic and Epistemic Approaches to Explanation
Religion and Explanation
Philip Clayton on Explanation in Religion
How do we decide what is the best explanation?
‘Logic of Discovery’ and ‘Logic of Justification’
Inference to the Best Explanation
A Case Study: Darwin and Natural Selection
Theory Choice and Religion
Verification: Logical Positivism
Falsification: Karl Popper
Theory Change in Science: Thomas Kuhn
4. Science and the Philosophy of Religion
Science, religion, and proofs for God’s existence
Philosophical Arguments for the Existence of God
Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways
The Kalam Argument
A Case Study: William Paley’s Biological Argument from Design
The Ambiguity of ‘Proof’: Justification in Science and Theology
God’s Action in the World
Deism: God acts through the Laws of Nature
Thomism: God acts through Secondary Causes
Process theology: God acts through Persuasion
Quantum Theory: God acts through Indeterminacy
Miracles and the Laws of Nature
David Hume’s Critique of Miracles
Keith Ward on Miracles
Wolfhart Pannenberg on Miracles
Natural Atheology? Evolutionary Debunking Arguments against God
Natural Theology: Is God the ‘Best Explanation’ of our Universe?
A Metaquestion: Creation and the Uniformity of Nature
5. Models and Analogies in Science and Religion
The Use of Models and Analogies in the Natural Sciences
The Kinetic Model of Gases
Complementarity: Light as Wave and Particle
Analogical Reasoning: Galileo and the Mountains of the Moon
Using Scientific Models Critically: Darwin’s Principle of Natural Selection
The Use of Models and Metaphors in Christian Theology
Thomas Aquinas on the Analogia Entis (‘Analogy of Being’)
Ian T. Ramsey on the Nature and Use of Models of God
Arthur Peacocke on the Theological Application of Models and Analogies
Sallie McFague on Metaphors in Theology
Using Religious Models Critically: Creation
Using Religious Models Critically: Theories of the Atonement
Models and Mystery: The Limits of Representation of Reality
Ian Barbour on Models in Science and Religion
6. Science and Religion: Some Major Contemporary Debates
Moral Philosophy: Can the Natural Sciences establish Moral Values?
Evolution and Ethics: The Debate about Darwinism and Morality
Neuroscience and Ethics: Sam Harris on the Moral Landscape
Philosophy of Science: Is Reality limited to what the Sciences can disclose?
Philosophy of Religion: Theodicy in a Darwinian World
Theology: Transhumanism, the ‘Image of God’ and Human Identity
Mathematics: Science and the Language of God
Physics: Does the ‘Anthropic Principle’ have Religious Significance?
Evolutionary Biology: can we speak of ‘Design’ in Nature?
The Psychology of Religion: What is ‘Religion’ all about?
The Cognitive Science of Religion: Is Religion ‘Natural’?
Sources of Citations