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Seasonal and Interannual Variability of the Western Mediterranean Sea

Seasonal and Interannual Variability of the Western Mediterranean Sea

Paul E. La Violette (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66503-9

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

374 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 46.

This book covers an important period in the study of the Mediterranean Sea. An understanding of the fundamental ocean processes occurring in this important body of water has crucial implications for climatic studies, pollution mitigation, and fisheries management.

During the 1980s, several large-scale, long-term international experiments were conducted in the Western Mediterranean, providing a wealth of oceanographie information. The current volume is an outgrowth of these field campaigns and the related data analysis. It describes the seasonal and interannual variabilities of the sea and its sub-basins and the forcings related to these variabilities, it examines what is known (and not known) about the western portion of the sea, and it provides in a convenient format a basis on which future investigators can build.

PREFACE  vii

INTRODUCTION

1 Overview of the Major Forcings and Water Masses of the Western Mediterranean Sea
Paul E. La Violette 1

PART A. SEASONAL AND INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY IN THE STRAITS

2 An Estimate of the Net Heat Transport Through the Strait of Gibraltar
Alison M. Macdonald, Julio Candela, and Harry L. Bryden  13

3The Seasonal Variability of the Water Masses and Transport Through the Strait of Sicily
Giuseppe M. R. Manzella  33

PART B. SEASONAL AND INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY IN THE REGIONAL BASINS

4 Mesoscale Variability and Q Vector Vertical Motion in the Alboran Sea
Joaquoin Tintore, Alvaro Viudez, Dami& Gomis, Sergio Alonso, and Francisco E. Werner  47

5 Surface Circulation and Dynamics of the Balearic Sea
Emilio Garcia, Joaqluin Tintore, Jean Michel Pinot, Jordi Font, and Mario Manriquez  73

6 The Seasonal and Interannual Variability in the Ligurian-Provenqal Basin
Mario Astraldi, Gian Pietro Gasparini, and Stefania Sparnocchia  93

7 The Seasonal Characteristics of the Circulation in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Mario Astraldi and Gian Pietro Gasparini  115

8 The Surface Characteristics of the Tyrrhenian Sea: Historical Satellite Data Analysis
S. Marullo, R. Santoleri, and F. Bignami  135

PART C' SEASONAL AND INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY IN THE SURFACE AND DEEP WATERS

9 The Sea Surface Temperature of the Western Mediterranean Sea' Historical Satellite Thermal Data
Rosalia Santoleri, Emanuele B6hm, and Maria Elisabetta Schiano  155

10 The Interannual and Seasonal Variability of the MAW and LIW Core
Properties in the Western Mediterranean Sea
Stefania Sparnocchia, Giuseppe M. R. Manzella, and Paul E. La Violette  177

11 The Temporal and Spatial Variability of Chlorophyll in the Western Mediterranean
Robert Arnone 195

12 The Formation of Western Mediterranean Deep Water
Kevin D. Leaman  227

PART D. WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN BASIN DYNAMICS

13 The Dynamics of the Seasonal Variability of the Western Mediterranean Circulation
G. W. Heburn  249

14 Investigation of the Western Mediterranean's Hydrodynamics with the Gher
Three-Dimensional Primitive Equation Model
J. M. Beckers, P. Brasseur, S. Djenidi, and J. C. J. Nihoul 287

15 Barotropic Response of the Western Mediterranean to Observed Atmospheric Pressure Forcing
Julio Candela and Carlos J. Lozano  325

16 Topographic Forcing of the Circulation of LIW in the Western Mediterranean
Alberto Alvarez, Joaqufn Tintore, Greg Holloway, Michael Eby, and Jean Marie Beckets  361