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Seawater-Sediment Interactions in Coastal Waters: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Seawater-Sediment Interactions in Coastal Waters: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Jan Rumohr (Editor), Eckart Walger (Editor), Bernt Zeitzschel (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66911-2

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

338 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 13.

During the late sixties, the marine scientific community was becoming increasingly aware of the necessity of conducting process-oriented research on specific "problem areas". It was assumed that the results of such detailed analyses would provide an explanatory framework for the descriptive data accumulating from the extensive surveys of the oceans at large that had dominated marine science up to that period. The physical, chemical and biological interaction between the ocean and the sediments was identified as one of the most important interdisciplinary problems at the 1969 meeting of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. In the same year, a group of scientists from Kiel University—representing the five disciplines: physical, chemical, geological and biological oceanography as well as applied physics—combined forces and, in 1970, submitted a comprehensive proposal to the German Research Foundation (DFG: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) under the title “Interaction Sea-Seabottom” (“Wechselwirkung Wasser-Meeresboden”). The professors G. Dietrich, G. Einsele, G. Hempel and E. Seibold were the chief initiators of this project. It addressed two themes:

  • the relationship between water movement and sediment structure and,
  • the interaction between the chemical regime and the organisms at the sediment surface.

INTRODUCTION
Victor Smetacek and Eckart Walger  1

Chapter 1: BATHYMETRY AND SEDIMENTS OF KIELER BUCHT
Brigitte Babenerd and Sebastian A. Gerlach  15

Chapter 2: THE PELAGIC SySTEM 32
Victor Smetacek, Bodo von Bodungen, Manfred Bolter, Klaus von Brockel, Roger Dawson, Bastian Knoppers, Gert Liebezeit, Peter Martens, Rolf Peinert, Falk Pollehne. Petra Stegmann, Karin Wolter and Bernt Zeitzschel  32

Chapter 3: ASPECTS OF BENTHIC COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND METABOLISM 
Lutz-A. Meyer-Rei 1 , Anno Faubel, Gerhard Graf and Hjalmar Thiel  69

Chapter 4: DIAGENESIS AND EXCHANGE PROCESSES AT THE BENTHIC BOUNDARY
Wolfgang Balzer, Helmut Erlenkeuser, Martin Hartmann, Peter J. Mull.r and Falk Pollehne  111

Chapter 5: SEDIMENTARY RECORDS OF BENTHIC PROCESSES
Friedrich Werner, Stephen R. McLean. Ulrich von Grafenstein, Helmut Erlenkeuser, Michael Sarnthein,
Ursula Schauer, Gerhard Unsold, Eckart Walger and RUdiger Wittstock  162

Chapter 6: BIOGENIC CARBONATES IN TEMPERATE AND SUBTROPICAL ENVIRONMENTS: PRODUCTION AND ACCUMULATION, SATURATION STATE AND STABLE ISOTOPE COMPOSITION 
Gerold Wefer, Wolfgang Balzer, Bodo von Bodungen and Erwin Suess  263

LITERATURE 303

INDEX 333