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Seismic Earth: Array Analysis of Broadband Seismograms

Seismic Earth: Array Analysis of Broadband Seismograms

Alan Levander (Editor), Guust Nolet (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-875-90422-1

Jan 2005, American Geophysical Union

252 pages

Out of stock



Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 157.

Seismology is one of the few means available to Earth scientists for probing the mechanical structure of the Earth's interior. The advent of modern seismic instrumentation at the end of the 19th century and its installation across the globe was shortly followed by mankind's first general understanding of the Earth's interior: The Croatian seismologist Andrija Mohorovièiæ discovered the crust-mantle boundary in central Europe in 1909, the German Beno Gutenberg determined the radius of the Earth's core in 1913, Great Britian's Sir Harold Jeffreys established its fluid character by 1926, and the Dane Inge Lehman discovered the solid inner core in 1936. It is notable that seismology, even in its earliest days, was an international science. Unlike much of the Earth sciences, seismology has its roots in physics, notably optics (many university seismology programs are, or initially were, attached to meteorology, astronomy, or physics departments), and draws from the literatures of imaging systems and statistical communications theory developed by, or employed in, astronomy, electrical engineering, medicine, ocean acoustics, and nondestructive materials testing. Seismology has close ties to petro-physics and mineral physics, the measurements of the disciplines being compared to infer the chemical and physical structure of the Earth's interior.

Alan Levander and Guust Nolet vii

I. Aspects of Modern Practices

Perspectives on Array Seismology and USArray
Alan Levander and Guust Nolet 1

Case Studies of Seismic Tomography and Earthquake Location in a Regional Context
William Menke 7

Traveltimes and Amplitudes of Seismic Waves: A Re-assessment
Guust Nolet, F. A. Dahlen, and Raffaella Montelli 37

Seismic Tomography With Irregular Meshes
Malcolm Sambridge and Nick Rawlinson 49

Surface Wave Tomography Applied to the North American Upper Mantle
Suzan van der Lee and Andrew Frederiksen 67

Array Analysis of Two-Dimensional Variations in Surface Wave Phase Velocity and Azimuthal
Anisotropy in the Presence of Multipathing Interference
Donald W. Forsyth and Aibing Li 81

Imaging Three-Dimensional Anisotropy With Broadband Seismometer Arrays
Karen M. Fischer, Aibing Li, Donald W. Forsyth, and Shu-Huei Hung 99

Imaging Earthquake Source Complexity
Satoshi Ide, Gregory C. Beroza, and Jeffrey J. McGuire 117

II. Scattered Wave Imaging and Wave Equation Methods

Subsurface Imaging of Complex Structures by Reflection Seismic Data
Biondo Biondi and Dimitri Bevc 137

Imaging Teleseismic P to S Scattered Waves Using the Kirchhoff Integral
Alan Levander, Fenglin Niu, and William W. Symes 149

Direct Imaging of the Coda of Teleseismic P Waves
Gary L. Pavlis 1 71

Multichannel Inversion of Scattered Teleseismic Body Waves: Practical Considerations and Applicability
Stephane Rondenay, Michael G. Bostock, and Karen M. Fischer 187

The Spectral-Element Method in Seismology
Dimitri Komatitsch, Seiji Fsuboi, and Jeroen Tromp 205

Introduction to Radiative Transfer of Seismic Waves
Ludovic Margerin 229