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Seismoelectric Exploration: Theory, Experiments, and Applications




Seismoelectric Exploration: Theory, Experiments, and Applications

Niels Grobbe, André Revil, Zhenya Zhu, Evert Slob

ISBN: 978-1-119-12737-6 March 2020 American Geophysical Union 508 Pages

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This book will present a thorough overview of the seismoelectric phenomenon. Authors first introduce the underlying physics of the seismoelectric effect at the microscale. After that, they explain the two different types of mechanical to electromagnetic coupling that can occur, and what each of these two phenomena can bring them extra compared to conventional geophysical methods like seismic or electromagnetic methods. After this introduction, they theoretically go in depth in several theoretical chapters, and explain the latest developments in seismoelectric theory. They pay close attention to the assumptions made for which this theory holds, and discuss what extensions are needed in the future.

The theoretical chapters are followed with some experimental laboratory chapters. Here, authors present laboratory results on different aspects of the seismoelectric phenomenon: from streaming potential electrokinetic measurements to wave propagation experiments and borehole measurements. Next, they present several numerical modeling examples, explaining the theoretical and laboratory observations better. After this, they present some discussions on field equipment and field tests as well, including a commercially shot seismoelectric record using vibroseis trucks.

Authors conclude with an application section, where in several chapters different (possible) applications of the seismoelectric method are being discussed. They present oil and gas exploration oriented applications, like borehole surveys (horizontal and vertical), cross-well experiments and surface seismoelectric surveys. They also dive into groundwater applications. Then, they examine the seismoelectric effect related to earthquakes and/or volcanoes, and how these types of signals might help with earthquake or volcanic eruption predictions.

Authors plan to get the majority of the submissions from their 2014 AGU session as chapters of the book, combined with extra contributions from the seismoelectric community all over the world.

Table of Contents

List of contributors


Preface (all editors)


Section 1: Theory

1. The micro-scale origin of the seismoelectric effect: electrokinetics, streaming potential – N. Grobbe and A. Revil

2. The governing set of coupled seismo-electromagnetic equations – N. Grobbe and A. Revil

3. Green's functions for moment tensor sources including the double couple source – Y. Gao et al.

Section 2: Laboratory Experiments

4. Streaming potential measurements in natural and artificial porous samples – R. Sprik and T. Luong

5. Saturation dependence of the streaming potential coefficient  - L. Jouniaux et al.

6. Seismo-electric coupling coefficients – Z. Zhu et al.

7. Laboratory measurements of coseismic fields: towards a validation of Pride’s theory – Bordes et al.

8. Water saturated rock sample in air – Z. Zhu et al.

9. Porous rock samples in water – Z. Zhu et al.

10. Seismoelectric conversion in a sample with anisotropic permeability – Z. Zhu

11. Scaled physical models: Layered Models

a) A Study of the Seismoelectric Effect of a Frozen/Unfrozen Interface based upon an Ultrasonic Experiment – Z. Liu

b) An experimental study of the seismoelectric responses of unfrozen water content – Z. Liu

c) An experimental study of Rayleigh waves based on seismoelectric measurements – Z. Liu

d) Scaled layer model -  Z. Zhu et al.

12. Scaled physical models: Borehole models

a) Borehole model in a horizontally-layered strata – Z. Zhu et al.

b) Borehole model with fractures – Z. Zhu et al.

13. Experimental study of correlation imaging with seismoelectromagnetic waves – S. Nakhaee and R. Sprik

14. Tool wave in acoustic logging while drilling – Z.  Zhu et al.

15. Multipole seismoelectric well logging while drilling – Z. Zhu et al.

Section 3: Numerical Modeling

16. Earthquake source moment tensor point source – Y. Gao and H. Hu

17. Earthquake sources: Finite fault sources –  Y. Gao and H. Hu

18. Finite element modelling of Electroseismics and Seismoelectrics – F. Zyserman et al.

19. Seismoelectric signals produced by mesoscopic heterogeneities: spectroscopic analysis of fractured media – M. Rosas-Carbajal et al.

20. Evanescent EM waves generated by seismoelectric conversion at an interface – Ren et al.Parkfield

Section 4: Field Experiments and Applications

21. Design of field instrumentation and noise removal techniques for seismoelectric measurements – J. Dupuis et al.

22. Seismoelectric field measurements in unconsolidated sediments in comparison with other methods of near-surface prospecting  -  W. Rabbel et al.

23.Investigating the interfacial seismoelectric response at field scale – J. Holzhauer et al.

24. Seismoelectric characterisation of ice sheets and glaciers – Kulessa et al.

25. Seismoelectric ground response to local and regional earthquakes  -  L. Dzieran et al.

26. Electromagnetic signals associated with earthquakes: a review of observations, data processing, and mechanisms in China -  Q. Huang et al.

27. Field observations of the seismo-electromagnetic variations related with earthquakes – Y. Fujinawa et al.