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Signalling Pathways in Acute Oxygen Sensing

Derek J. Chadwick (Editor), Jamie A. Goode (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-01457-8 February 2006 300 Pages


Oxygen sensing is a key physiological function of many tissues, but the identity of the sensor, the signalling pathways linking the sensor to the effector, and the endpoint effector mechanisms are all subjects of controversy. This book evaluates the various mediators that have been proposed, including the mitochondria, NAD(P)H oxidases, cytochrome p450 enzymes, and direct effects on enzymes and ion channels. There has been a resurgence of interest in the role of mitochondria, based partly on the ability of mitochondrial inhibitors to mimic hypoxia, but there is little consensus concerning mechanisms. Some favour the view that the primary signalling event is a reduction in cell redox state and reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to general inhibition of the electron transport chain (ETC); others support a key role for complex III of the ETC and an increase in ROS generation, while others doubt either of these components is the key intermediary. All these hypotheses are discussed in the book, together with conceptual problems concerning the ability of mitochondria to respond to physiological hypoxia.

The other area of controversy covered in the book is the identity of the endpoint effector(s). Some authors favour K+ channel inhibition, followed by depolarization and Ca2+ entry via L-type channels, while others propose that release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, or capacitative Ca2+ entry and other voltage-independent pathways may be more important. The book also describes evidence for an endothelium-dependent Ca2+-sensitizing pathway involving Rho and possibly other kinases.

While some of these differences can be attributed to variation between tissues, many must be related to differences in interpretation or methodology. In this book, experts in the field of acute oxygen sensing working in different tissues address these controversies and their possible origins, and discuss possible approaches whereby these controversies might be resolved.

The book will be of great interest to all those working in fields where oxygen sensing is important, particularly cancer and wound healing, as well as researchers in drug discovery and biotechnology.
Symposium on Signalling pathways in acute oxygen sensing, held at the Novartis Foundation, London, 25–27 January 2005.

Editors: Derek J. Chadwick (Organizer) and Jamie Goode.

This symposium is based on a proposal made by Jeremy Ward.

Michael Duchen Chair’s introduction.

Gregg L. Semenza, Larissa A. Shimoda and Nanduri R. Prabhakar Regulation of gene expression by Hypoxia-Inducible Factor.


Ineke P. Stolze, David R. Mole and Peter J. Ratcliffe Regulation of HIF: prolyl hydroxylases.


General discussion I.

Daniel Peet and Sarah Linke Regulation of HIF: asparaginyl hydroxylation.


José López-Barneo, Patricia Ortega-Sáenz, José I. Piruat and María García-Fernández Oxygen-sensing by ion channels and mitochondrial function in carotid body glomus cells.


Keith J. Buckler, Beatrice A. Williams, Rodrigo Varas Orozco and Christopher N. Wyatt The role of TASK-like potassium channels in oxygen sensing in the carotid body.


Nanduri R. Prabhakar, Ying-Jie Peng, Guoxiang Yuan and Ganesh K. Kumar Reactive oxygen species facilitate oxygen sensing.


C. A. Nurse, J. Buttigieg, R. Thompson, M. Zhang and E. Cutz Oxygen sensing in neuroepithelial and adrenal chromaffin cells.


C. Peers, P. Kang, J. P. Boyle, K. E. Porter, H. A. Pearson, I. F. Smith and P. J. Kemp Hypoxic regulation of Ca2+ signalling in astrocytes and endothelial cells.


General discussion II.

Paul J. Kemp, Sandile E. J. Williams, Helen S. Mason, Phillippa Wootton, David E. Iles, Daniela Riccardi and Chris Peers Functional proteomics of BK potassium channels: defining the acute oxygen sensor.


Stephen L. Archer, Evangelos D. Michelakis, Bernard Thébaud, Sebastien Bonnet, Rohit Moudgil, Xi-Chen Wu and E. Kenneth Weir A central role for O2-sensitive K+ channels and mitochondria in the specialized O2-sensing system.


Gregory B. Waypa and Paul T. Schumacker Role for mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.


Norbert Weissmann, Ralph T. Schermuly, Hossein A. Ghofrani, Jörg Hänze, Parag Goyal, Friedrich Grimminger and Werner Seeger Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction—triggered by an increase in reactive oxygen species?.


General discussion III.

Alison M. Gurney and Shreena Joshi The role of twin pore domain and other K+ channels in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.


A. Mark Evans, D. Grahame Hardie, Antony Galione, Chris Peers, Prem Kumar and Christopher N. Wyatt AMP-activated protein kinase couples mitochondrial inhibition by hypoxia to cell-specific calcium signalling mechanisms in oxygen-sensing cells.


Silke Becker, Gregory A. Knock, Vladimir Snetkov, Jeremy P. T. Ward and Philip I. Aaronson Role of capacitative Ca2+ entry but not Na+/Ca2+ exchange in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in rat intrapulmonary arteries.


Final general discussion.

Index of contributors.

Subject index.

"This an excellent resource for those in the field of oxygen sensing." (Doody's Health Services)