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Small Animal Toxicology Essentials



Small Animal Toxicology Essentials

Robert H. Poppenga (Editor), Sharon M. Gwaltney-Brant (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-94614-4 November 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 320 Pages

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Providing a ready reference for the initial triage, collection of diagnostic samples, and management of a poisoning case, Small Animal Toxicology Essentials focuses on the most common poisons encountered by companion animals. From prevention to evaluation, monitoring, and treatment, the book is a guide for veterinary technicians to differentiate between significant and insignificant exposures and effectively manage animal poisonings.

Emphasizing clinical signs, differential diagnoses, and case management, the book begins with the principles of veterinary toxicology, such as terminology, history-taking, and decontamination. The second half of the book is devoted to specific toxicants, including plants, metals, drugs, and household poisons. A companion website at provides review questions in Word and color images available for download into PowerPoint. Small Animal Toxicology Essentials is a useful resource for veterinary technicians, especially those with a interest in emergency and critical care, and veterinary technician students, as well as practicing veterinarians looking for an introduction to toxicology.



Section 1: Fundamentals of Veterinary Clinical Toxicology.

1 General Toxicologic Principles (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant and Robert H. Poppenga).

2 Incidence of Poisoning in Small Animals (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

3 Toxicology Information Resources (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

4 Taking a Toxicologic History (Carrie Lohmeyer).

5 Essential Calculations (Camille DeClementi).

6 Initial Management of Acute Intoxications (Elisa Petrollini-Rogers and Bridget McNally).

7 Decontamination Procedures (Lisa Murphy).

8 Antidotes (Tina Wismer).

9 Investigating Fatal Suspected Poisonings (Safdar A. Khan).

10 Toxicologic Testing and Using Diagnostic Laboratories (Lisa Murphy).

Section 2: A Systems-Affected Approach to Toxicology.

11 Nervous System (Tina Wismer).

12 Cardiovascular System (Karla R. Smith).

13 Pulmonary System (John A. Pickrell, Kiran Dhakal, and Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

14 Hepatobiliary System (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

15 Urinary System (Erin Freed).

16 Other Systems (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

Section 3: Specific Toxicants.

17 Rodenticides (Eric Dunayer).

18 Insecticides (Petra A. Volmer).

19 Other Pesticides (Robert H. Poppenga).

20 Plants (Joanna Delaporte and Charlotte Means).

21 Dietary Supplements and Herbs (Charlotte Means).

22 Zootoxins (Tamara Foss).

23 Mycotoxins and Mushrooms (Joyce Eisold and Michelle Mostrom).

24 Food-Associated Intoxications (Mindy Bough).

25 Drugs of Abuse (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

26 OTC Drugs (Mary M. Schell and Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

27 Prescription Drugs (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

28 Household and Industrial Toxicants (Rhian Cope).

29 Metals and Minerals (Robert H. Poppenga).

30 Miscellaneous Toxicants (Michelle Mostrom).


Appendix 1: Drugs Used in Toxicology (Sharon Gwaltney-Brant).

Appendix 2: Additional Toxic Plants and Associated System-Based Effects (Joanna Delaporte and Charlotte Means).

Appendix 3: Plants Not Reported to Be Toxic (Joanna Delaporte and Charlotte Means).


“This would be a valuable, much used text in any veterinary clinic both as a teaching aid for veterinarians seeking to continually educate their staff as well as veterinary technicians striving to understand small animal toxicology in order to function more readily within their clinical situation.”  (Veterinary Information Network, 1 October 2012)

“A well presented, easy to follow, practical book which will be excellent for students and veterinary practice, especially in emergency situations. “  (British Toxicology Society Newsletter, 1 June 2012)

"Small Animal Toxicology Essentials provides a complete introduction to clinical veterinary toxicology. Veterinary technicians and veterinarians in the clinical and research settings will find this
text not only a useful reference, but also a resourceful study guide and a practical introduction to the fundamentals of toxicology." (Lab Animal, 1 March 2012)

"This is a very practical book for your first steps in toxicology and a valuable tool for your first job." (Tomorrow's Vets, 1 January 2012)

"Small Animal Toxicology Essentials provides a fine introduction to veterinary toxicology in a reference for the initial triage and management of a small animal poisoning case. It outlines the basics of evaluating small pets, covers prevention to monitoring and treatment, emphasizes case management and approaches to specific poisons, and is especially recommended for veterinary students and reference libraries for vets." (The Midwest Book Review, 1 November 2011)

"This is an important resource to guide the veterinary team on a course of action when a pet owner informs them, "My pet just ate (fill in the blank)!."
(Doody's, 28 October 2011)

"The book also will interest students of veterinary medicine and veterinarians who want to know more about the topic." (Book News, 1 August 2011)


Small Animal Toxicology Essentials companion website  features review questions in Word and color images for download into PowerPoint.

Companion website

  • Outlines toxicology basics, from prevention to evaluation, monitoring, and treatment
  • Focuses on nursing care following exposure to a poison
  • Emphasizes clinical signs, differential diagnoses, and case management
  • Provides information on both general principles and specific toxicants
  • Includes access to a companion website providing review questions available for download into Word and color images available for download into PowerPoint