List of Figures.
List of Tables.
Series Editor’s Preface.
Preface to the First Edition.
Preface to the Second Edition.
Preface to the Revised Edition.
1.1 The Domain of Sociolinguistics.
1.2 The Variable as a Structural Unit.
1.3 Variation and the Tradition of Categoricity.
2. Class, Network, and Mobility.
2.1 Social Class and Sociolinguistic Sampling.
2.2 Indexing Social Class.
2.3 Class Markers.
2.4 The Effects of Mobility.
2.7 Linguistic Correlates of Network Integration.
2.8 Interaction of Network and Other Independent Variables.
2.9 Oddballs and Insiders.
3. Expressing Sex and Gender.
3.1 The Interplay of Biology and Sociology.
3.2 Sex Patterns with Stable Variables.
3.3 Language, Gender, and Mobility in Two Communities.
3.4 Sex and Gender Differences in Language.
3.5 Male and Female Speech Patterns in Other Societies.
3.6 Linguistic Evidence for Sex and Gender Differences.
4. Accents in Time.
4.2 The Acquisition of Sociolects.
4.3 Family and Friends.
4.4 Declarations of Adolescence.
4.5 Young Adults in the Talk Market.
4.6 Changes in Progress.
5. Adaptive Significance of Language Variation.
5.1 The Babelian Hypothesis.
5.2 Global Counteradaptivity and Local Adaptivity.
5.3 Dialects in Lower Animals.
5.4 The Persistence of the Non-standard.
5.5 Traditional Theories of the Sources of Diversity.
5.6 A Sociolinguistic Theory of the Sources of Diversity.
5.7 Vernacular Roots.
5.8 Linguistic Variation and Social Identity.