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Solar Technologies for Buildings



Solar Technologies for Buildings

Ursula Eicker

ISBN: 978-0-470-86506-4 August 2006 336 Pages


* A complete overview of solar technologies relevant to the built environment, including solar thermal energy for heating and cooling, passive solar energy for daylighting and heating supply, and photovoltaics for electricity production
* Provides practical examples and calculations to enable component and system simulation e.g. Calculation of U-values, I-V curve parameters and radiance distribution modelling
* Discusses the new trends in thermal energy use, including the architectural integration of collector systems, integrated ventilation photovoltaics facades and solar powered absorption cooling systems
* Coverage of cutting-edge applications such as active and passive cooling techniques and results from ongoing research projects

Abbreviations in the Text.

1. Solar energy use in buildings.

Energy consumption of buildings.

Meeting requirements by active and passive solar energy use.

2. Solar irradiance.

Extraterrestrial solar irradiance.

The passage of rays through the atmosphere.

Statistical production of hourly irradiance data records.

Global irradiance and irradiance on inclined surfaces.


3. Solar thermal energy.

Solar-thermal water collectors.

Solar air collectors.

4. Solar cooling.

Open cycle desiccant cooling.

Closed cycle adsorption cooling.

Absorption cooling technology.

5. Grid connected photovoltaic systems.

Structure of grid connected systems.

Solar cell technologies.

Module technology.

Building integration and costs.

Energy production and the performance ratio of PV systems.

Physical fundamentals of solar electricity production.

Current-voltage characteristics.

PV performance with shading.

Simple temperature model for PV models.

System engineering.

6. Thermal analysis of building-integrated solar components.

Empirical thermal model of building-integrated photovoltaics.

Energy balance and stationary thermal model of ventilated double facades.

Building-integrated solar components (U- and g-values).

Warm-air generation by photovoltaic facades.

7. Passive solar energy.

Passive solar use by glazings.

Transparent themal insulation.

Heat storage by interior building elements.

8. Lighting technology and daylight use.

Introduction to lighting and daylighting technology.

Solar irradiance and light flux.

Luminance and illuminance.

Sky luminance intensity models.

Light measurements.

Daylight distribution in interior spaces.


"...balances the physics and engineering background of solar heating, cooling and building integrated photovoltaics with practical applications..." (Bulletin, Vol 94(24/25), 2003)