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Spectacular Chemical Experiments

Spectacular Chemical Experiments

Herbert W. Roesky , George A. Olah (Foreword by)

ISBN: 978-3-527-81524-1

Jan 2018

240 pages

Select type: E-Book

$40.99

Description

Written by the author of the award-winning "Chemische Kabinettstücke" this book demonstrates over 80 enjoyable, impressive and sometimes almost unbelievable chemical experiments for the classroom, lecture hall or home. All the experiments are explained in full, and have been tested several times such that their successful reproduction is guaranteed.
Grouped into several cycles -- water, the color blue, the color red, soles, and self-organization -- the topics are perfect for experimental lectures or school projects. Detailed illustrations and the lively writing style make this book equally attractive to readers interested in chemistry, even if they are unable to perform the experiments.

Foreword V

Preface XIII

Part I: Water 1

Experiment 1 Spontaneous ignition by adding water 3

Experiment 2 Blowing-up an iron ball 5

Experiment 3 Hydration 7

Experiment 4 Osmosis 11

Experiment 5 Re-gelation of ice 15

Experiment 6 Sugar coal by splitting off water from sugar with sulfuric acid 17

Experiment 7 Sodium billiards 19

Experiment 8 Boiling water in a paper bowl 23

Experiment 9 The density differences of H2O and D2O 25

Experiment 10 Fire under water 27

Experiment 11 Safe production of detonating gas 29

Experiment 12 Fuel cell for hydrogen and oxygen 33

Experiment 13 Hydrogen in status nascendi 35

Experiment 14 Effusion of hydrogen 37

Experiment 15 Freezing mixture 39

Experiment 16 Rapid crystallization 41

Experiment 17 Magic eggs 43

Experiment 18 Colored kinetics 47

Experiment 19 Flushing peppermint tea 49

Experiment 20 Chemiluminescence 51

Experiment 21 The colors white-yellow-black 53

Experiment 22 Nitrogen and hydrogen by electrolysis 55

Experiment 23 Demonstration of the plasma state: “A sparkling cross” 57

Part II: The color blue 59

Experiment 24 Witching hour 61

Experiment 25 Molybdenum blue 63

Experiment 26 Combustion of sulfur in oxygen 65

Experiment 27 Phosphorus salt pearl or cobalt salt pearl 67

Experiment 28 Fehling’s solution 69

Experiment 29 Activated carbon decolorizes water blue 71

Experiment 30 Blue bottle – The blue miracle 73

Experiment 31 Generation of blue (N2O3) dinitrogen trioxide 75

Experiment 32 Bleaching with a household product 77

Experiment 33 Ink blue – solvated electrons 79

Part III: The color red 81

Experiment 34 Purple or colorless – an entertaining demonstration 83

Experiment 35 A “red component” in newspapers 85

Experiment 36 Bleaching of tomato juice with chlorine on a micro scale 87

Experiment 37 Production of non-drinkable red wine 89

Experiment 38 Red wine as a color indicator 91

Part IV: Colloids, sols, and gels 93

Experiment 39 Silica gel from alkali silicates 95

Experiment 40 Red gold 97

Experiment 41 Red gold sol 99

Experiment 42 Blue gold sol 101

Experiment 43 Cherry red gold sol 103

Experiment 44 The blue gold 105

Experiment 45 Silver sol by electric discharge 107

Experiment 46 How to make a silver sol 109

Experiment 47 The reaction of silver nitrate with tannin 111

Part V: Fascinating experiments by self-organization 113

Experiment 48 Dissipative structures: Chemical patterns in aqueous solution 115

Experiment 49 Acidic acid butyl ester in the presence of bromocresol green 119

Experiment 50 Precipitation using the gas phase 121

Experiment 51 Methods become accepted: Nessler’s reagent and gaseous ammonia 123

Experiment 52 Reduction of KMnO4 with ethyl alcohol 125

Experiment 53 Alcohol test 129

Experiment 54 An old hat with new feathers: the precipitation of AgCl with HCl gas 133

Part VI: Chemical varieties 135

Experiment 55 A chemical buoy 137

Experiment 56 Flower power 139

Experiment 57 Münchhausen: the flying styrofoam ball 141

Experiment 58 The remarkable rocket 145

Experiment 59 Eatable burning banana 149

Experiment 60 Burning pecan 151

Experiment 61 Sparks and shining fire 153

Experiment 62 Like magic . . . the reduction of copper oxide 157

Experiment 63 Electric current from a beer can 159

Experiment 64 Magnesium powder burning in the air 161

Experiment 65 The alchemist’s gold 163

Experiment 66 Imitate a spider 165

Experiment 67 Is it methyl alcohol or ethyl alcohol? 167

Experiment 68 Oxygen content of the air 169

Experiment 69 Rapid rust 171

Experiment 70 Shining dry ice 173

Experiment 71 Smoke rings 177

Experiment 72 Saturn’s rings 181

Experiment 73 Oxygen from Ag2O 183

Experiment 74 Flour dust explosion 185

Experiment 75 Bromine and potassium 189

Experiment 76 Current-free shining flat-bottomed cylinder 191

Experiment 77 Rotating advertising column 193

Experiment 78 S4N4 – A pick-me-up 195

Experiment 79 Thunderclap 197

Experiment 80 A heavyweight does not stick to the bottom 199

Experiment 81 Icarus and the sun 201

Experiment 82 Disposal of sodium and potassium residues 203

Part VII: The art gallery of chemistry 205

Experiment 83 Color composition: Chemistry is art 207

Experiment 84 Underwater dance 209

Experiment 85 Blue mist 211

Experiment 86 Colorful clouds 213

Conclusion 217

Index 219

"I thoroughly enjoyed reading this excellent book and would heartily recommend it … .As well as containing its fair share of ‘flashes and bangs’ there are also a good selection of more thoughtful and insightful demonstrations." (The Higher Education Academy Physical Sciences Centre, December 2008)

"This is a fascinating book and would be a good addition to the library, and perhaps a student chemistry prize." (SSR School Science Review, March 2008)

"Herbert Roesky has done us and the international chemistry community a big favor by translating his latest contribution in this area into English." (Angewandte Chemie International Edition, January 2008)