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Sport in Industrial America, 1850-1920, 2nd Edition

Steven A. Riess

ISBN: 978-1-118-53771-8 January 2013 Wiley-Blackwell 336 Pages


Sport in Industrial America, 1850-1920 presents the second edition of Stephen A. Riess’s well-loved synthesis of the development of sport during one of the most transformational times in the nation’s history.

  • New edition maintains the book’s acclaimed level of research, analysis, and readability
  • Explores topics including urbanization, ethnicity, class, sport in educational institutions, women in sport, and sport’s role in manifesting city, regional, and national pride.
  • Includes an entirely new chapter on the globalization of American sport
  • Includes a new bank of photographs and images.
  • Features a newly revised and updated Bibliographical Essay

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

C H A P T E R  O N E : Urbanization, the Technological Revolution, and the Rise of Sport 13

Urban Reform and the Ideology of Sport 16

Sport and Urban Space 22

Sport and the Promotion of Public Pride 28

The Technological Revolution and the Rise of Sport 30

Sport and the Communications Revolution 30

Sport and the Transportation Revolution 35

Lights, Camera, Action 38

Technological Innovations and Sports Equipment 39

Conclusion 44

CHAPTER TWO: Sport and Class 45

Sport and the American Elite 47

The Elite Sports Club 50

Thoroughbred Racing and the Jockey Clubs 51

The Athletic Club 53

Women and the Elite Sports Clubs 56

The Country Club 57

Sport and the Middle Class 59

Middle-Class Sports Clubs 63

Middle-Class Women 67

Working-Class Sport 70

The Working-Class Saloon 75

Track-and-Field 77

Blue-Collar Baseball 79

Industrial Sport 81

Working-Class Women’s Sport 84

Conclusion 85

C H A P T E R  T H R E E : Sport, Ethnicity, and Race 87

The Old Immigrants 88

British Americans 88

Irish Americans 90

German Americans 99

The New Immigrants 103

Jewish Americans 105

Native Americans 112

African Americans 114

Asian Americans 122

Conclusion 123

C H A P T E R  F O U R : Sport and the Educational Process 125

Sport and Higher Education 126

Men’s Intercollegiate Athletics 126

Football: The Big Game 129

The Football Crisis of 1905–1906 and the Rise of the NCAA 137

Women’s Collegiate Athletics 141

Secondary School Sport 144

Adult-Directed Youth Sport 147

Conclusion 152

C H A P T E R  F I V E : Baseball and the Rise of Professional Sport 153

Thoroughbred Racing 159

The Racetracks 159

Reformers Close the Tracks 162

Professional Baseball 166

The Rise of the National League 168

Baseball in the Early Twentieth Century 175

The Ballparks 181

The Ballplayers 186

The Game in the Dead Ball Era 186

The Black Sox Scandal 189

Conclusion 192

C H A P T E R  S I X : American Sport in the International Arena 195

The Cultural Diffusion of Sport 196

Sports and the Borderlands 198

The Baseball Tours 201

Hawaii 205

China 206

Japan 208

The Philippines and American Imperialism 212

American Sport in the Caribbean 215

Cuba 215

The United States and the Olympic Games 219

The 1900 and 1904 Olympics and the Intercalated Games of 1906 221

The London Olympics of 1908 227

The 1912 Olympics at Stockholm 228

The Inter-Allied Games and the 1920 Olympics 230

Conclusion 231

Bibliographical Essay 234

Index 273

Photographs follow pages 44 and 194

“Sport in Industrial America could serve well as a textbook for sport studies or a supplement for courses in US history for the period the book covers.  Summing Up:  Recommended.  General readers, upper-division undergraduate students, graduate students, and research faculty.”  (Choice, 1 September 2013)