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Stonewall's Legacy: Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Students in Higher Education: AEHE, Volume 37, Number 4

Stonewall's Legacy: Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Students in Higher Education: AEHE, Volume 37, Number 4

Susan B. Marine

ISBN: 978-1-118-18268-0

Sep 2011, Jossey-Bass

152 pages



Contemporary American colleges are increasingly queer places, where significant steps toward inclusion of BGLT students have been made. Tracing the journey of BGLT students' emergence, which parallels the modern gay rights movement in America, this monograph provides an overview of data and theory derived from studying BGLT students and student movements in higher education. Offering context for the ways that previously marginalized students in higher education survive and thrive, this issue:
  • Tells the story of their growing visibility on campus
  • Summarizes collective knowledge to date about BGLT identity development
  • Takes stock of transgender students' distinctive position and experiences in higher education
  • Assesses the role of the BGLT campus resource center in supporting students and advancing equity.

This issue develops a picture of the ways that BGLT community activism informs scholarship (and vice versa). In the telling of the movement's stories, these lessons suggest a practice of collaborative transformation for advancing the future of BGLT equality in higher education.

This is Volume 37 Issue 4 of the Jossey-Bass publication ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education problem, based on thorough research and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.

Executive Summary vii

Foreword xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction and Overview 1

Who Are BGLT College Students? A Historical Overview 7

BGLT Student History Pre-Stonewall: What Do We Know? 9

Stonewall Approaches: BGLT Visibility and Marginality in the Twentieth Century 13

Stonewall and Its Aftermath: The Birth of the Homophile Movement 16

Transgender Lives and Stonewall 19

BGLT Rights on the College Campus: The Student Homophile Movement 20

Student Movement Snapshots: BGLT Student Activism at Three Institutions 23

Queer Student Activism Today 29

Conclusion: BGLT Student Visibility and Activism After Stonewall 33

Bisexual, Gay, and Lesbian Student Development Since Stonewall 35

Bisexual, Gay, and Lesbian Identity Development 37

Beyond the Monolithic Queer: Developmental Theory in Twenty-First-Century Context 47

Students of Color and Bisexual, Gay, and Lesbian Identity Development 49

Stonewall's Legacy v Intersectionality and Identity Development 51

Impediments to BGL Student Development in College 56

Conclusion 57

Transgender Student Issues and Development After Stonewall 59

Who Are Transgender College Students? 59

Transgender Students at Women's Colleges 62

Transgender Student Development 63

The Challenge of Transphobia on Campus 67

The Resilience of Transgender Students 72

Transgender Students’ Needs and Services 74

Conclusion 78

The BGLT Campus Resource Center 81

The First BGLT Campus Resource Centers: Their Founding and Purposes 82

BGLT Centers Today: Their Purposes and Roles 85

BGLT Students and Campus Climate Assessment 87

Center Leadership: A “New Profession” in Higher Education 90

The Politics of BGLT Campus Resource Centers: Contested Territory 92

Higher Education Student Affairs and BGLT Issues 95

BGLT Issues in Professional Preparation of Student Affairs Practitioners 98

Conclusion 99

Identity and Solidarity: The Next Steps in BGLT Student Inclusion and Equity 101

Collaborative Transformation 103

Conclusion 109

References 113

Name Index 133

Subject Index 138

About the Author 145