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Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools



Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools

Andrew Simon (Editor), Sean J. Bennett (Editor), Janine M. Castro (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-67178-8 May 2013 American Geophysical Union 544 Pages


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 194.

Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools brings together leading contributors in stream restoration science to provide comprehensive consideration of process-based approaches, tools, and applications of techniques useful for the implementation of sustainable restoration strategies. Stream restoration is a catchall term for modifications to streams and adjacent riparian zones undertaken to improve geomorphic and/or ecologic function, structure, and integrity of river corridors, and it has become a multibillion dollar industry. A vigorous debate currently exists in research and professional communities regarding the approaches, applications, and tools most effective in designing, implementing, and assessing stream restoration strategies given a multitude of goals, objectives, stakeholders, and boundary conditions. More importantly, stream restoration as a research-oriented academic discipline is, at present, lagging stream restoration as a rapidly evolving, practitioner-centric endeavor. The volume addresses these main areas: concepts in stream restoration, river mechanics and the use of hydraulic structures, modeling in restoration design, ecology, ecologic indices, and habitat, geomorphic approaches to stream and watershed management, and sediment considerations in stream restoration. Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems will appeal to scholars, professionals, and government agency and institute researchers involved in examining river flow processes, river channel changes and improvements, watershed processes, and landscape systematics.

Sean J. Bennett, Janine M. Castro, and Andrew Simon ix

Section I: Introduction

The Evolving Science of Stream Restoration
Sean J. Bennett, Andrew Simon, Janine M. Castro, Joseph F. Atkinson, Colleen E. Bronner, Stacey S. Blersch, and Alan J. Rabideau 1

Section II: General Approaches

Conceptualizing and Communicating Ecological River Restoration
Robert B. Jacobson and Jim Berkley 9

Setting Goals in River Restoration: When and Where Can the River "Heal Itself"?
G. Mathias Kondolf 29

Stream Restoration Benefits
J. Craig Fischenich 45

Natural Channel Design: Fundamental Concepts, Assumptions, and Methods
David L. Rosgen 69

Geomorphological Approaches for River Management and Restoration in Italian and French Rivers
Massimo Rinaldi, Hervé Piégay, and Nicola Surian 95

Section III: Stream Hydrology and Hydraulics

Hydraulic Modeling of Large Roughness Elements With Computational Fluid Dynamics for Improved Realism in Stream Restoration Planning
David L. Smith, Jeffrey B. Allen, Owen Eslinger, Miguel Valenciano, John Nestler, and R. Andrew Goodwin 115

Design Discharge for River Restoration
Philip J. Soar and Colin R. Thorne 123

Scale-Dependent Effects of Bank Vegetation on Channel Processes: Field Data, Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling, and Restoration Design
Brian P. Bledsoe, Shaun K. Carney, and Russell J. Anderson 151

Hyporheic Restoration in Streams and Rivers
Erich T. Hester and Michael N. Gooseff 167

Section IV: Habitat Essentials

Diversity of Macroinvertebrate Communities as a Reflection of Habitat Heterogeneity in a Mountain River Subjected to Variable Human Impacts
Bartlomiej Wyzga, Pawel Oglecki, Artur Radecki-Pawlik, and Joanna Zawiejska 189

Combining Field, Laboratory, and Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling Approaches to Improve Our Understanding of Fish Habitat Restoration Schemes
Pascale M. Biron, David M. Carré, Robert B. Carver, Karen Rodrigue-Gervais, and Sarah L. Whiteway 209

Connectivity and Variability: Metrics for Riverine Floodplain Backwater Rehabilitation
F. D. Shields Jr., Scott S. Knight, Richard Lizotte Jr., and Daniel G. Wren 233

Quantitatively Evaluating Restoration Scenarios for Rivers With Recreational Flow Releases
Martin W. Doyle and Randall L. Fuller 247

Section V: Sediment Transport Issues

Sediment Source Fingerprinting (Tracing) and Sediment Budgets as Tools in Targeting River and Watershed Restoration Programs
A. C. Gellis and D. E. Walling 263

Closing the Gap Between Watershed Modeling, Sediment Budgeting, and Stream Restoration
Sean M. C. Smith, Patrick Belmont, and Peter Wilcock 293

Mitigating Channel Incision via Sediment Input and Self-Initiated Riverbank Erosion at the Mur River, Austria
M. Klösch, R. Hornich, N. Baumann, G. Puchner, and H. Habersack 319

Salmon as Biogeomorphic Agents in Gravel Bed Rivers: The Effect of Fish on Sediment Mobility and Spawning Habitat
Marwan A. Hassan, Ellen L. Petticrew, David R. Montgomery, Allen S. Gottesfeld, and John F. Rex 337

Section VI: Structural Approaches

Restoring Habitat Hydraulics With Constructed Riffles
Robert Newbury, David Bates, and Karilyn Long Alex 353

Pool-Riffle Design Based on Geomorphological Principles for Naturalizing Straight Channels
Bruce L. Rhoads, Frank L. Engel, and Jorge D. Abad 367

Controlling Debris at Bridges
Peggy A. Johnson and Scott A. Sheeder 385

Seeing the Forest and the Trees: Wood in Stream Restoration in the Colorado Front Range, United States
Ellen Wohl 399

Geomorphic, Engineering, and Ecological Considerations When Using Wood in River Restoration
Tim Abbe and Andrew Brooks 419

Section VII: Model Applications

Development and Application of a Deterministic Bank Stability and Toe Erosion Model for Stream Restoration
Andrew Simon, Natasha Pollen-Bankhead, and Robert E. Thomas 453

Bank Vegetation, Bank Strength, and Application of the University of British Columbia Regime Model to Stream Restoration
Robert G. Millar and Brett C. Eaton 475

Application of the CONCEPTS Channel Evolution Model in Stream Restoration Strategies
Eddy J. Langendoen 487

Practical Considerations for Modeling Sediment Transport Dynamics in Rivers
Yantao Cui, Scott R. Dusterhoff, John K. Wooster, and Peter W. Downs 503

AGU Category Index 529

Index 531