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Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation

Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation

Dirk Lehmhus (Editor), Matthias Busse (Editor), Axel Herrmann (Editor), Kambiz Kayvantash (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-64986-0

Aug 2013

500 pages

$171.99

Description

Lightness, efficiency, durability and economic as well as ecological viability are key attributes required from materials today. In the transport industry, the performance needs are felt exceptionally strongly. This handbook and ready reference covers the use of structural materials throughout this industry, particularly for the road, air and rail sectors. A strong focus is placed on the latest developments in materials engineering. The authors present new insights and trends, providing firsthand information from the perspective of universities, Fraunhofer and independent research institutes, aerospace and automotive companies and suppliers.

Arranged into parts to aid the readers in finding the information relevant to their needs:

* Metals
* Polymers
* Composites
* Cellular Materials
* Modeling and Simulation
* Higher Level Trends

PREFACE

PART I: Metals

STEEL AND IRON BASED ALLOYS
Introduction
Sheet Steels
Forging Steels
Casting Steel

ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS
Introduction
Wrought Alloys and Associated Processes
Casting Alloys and Associated Processes
Secondary Processes
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM ALLOYS
Introduction
Wrought Alloys and Associated Processes
Cast Alloys and Associated Processes
Other Aspects
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
Introduction
Fundamental Aspects
Applications in Automobiles, Aerospace, and ShipBuilding
Future Trends
Further Reading

PART II: Polymers

THERMOPLASTICS
Introduction
Fundamentals and Recent Advancements in Thermoplastics
Processing and Evolution of Structure?Basics and Recent Developments
Properties
Summary

THERMOSETS
Introduction
Advanced Thermosets and Associated Processes
Thermosets for Coatings and Adhesives
Case Studies?Thermoset Composites
Summary and Outlook

ELASTOMERS
Introduction
Classification of Elastomers
Natural Rubber
Synthetic Rubbers
Thermoplastic Elastomers
Fluorine-Containing TPEs
Bio-Based TPEs
Conclusions

PART III: Composites

POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES
Introduction
Further Reading

METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES
Introduction
Relevant MMC Systems
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES
Introduction
Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites
Sandwich Structures
High-Temperature Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites
Age and Durability Performance
Concluding Remarks

PART IV: Cellular Materials

POLYMERIC FOAMS
Introduction
Blowing Agents for Polymer Foams
Thermoplastic Foams: Conventional Processing Technologies
Thermoplastic Foams: New Trends, Materials and Technologies
Thermosets Foams: Conventional Processing Technologies
Thermosets Foams: New Trends, Materials and Technologies
Nanocomposite Foams
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

METAL FOAMS
Introduction
Foams Produced by Means of Melt Technologies
Foams Produced by Means of Powder Metallurgy (P/M)
Porous Structures for Structural Applications Produced from Wires and Other Half-Finished Parts
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

PART V: Modeling and Simulation

ADVANCED SIMULATION AND OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR COMPOSITES
Introduction
Multiphysics Homogenization Analysis
Probabilistic Homogenization Approaches
Optimization
Summary and Conclusions

AN ARTIFICIAL-INTELLIGENCE-BASED APPROACH FOR GENERALIZED MATERIAL MODELING
Introduction
Strain Measures
Stress Measures
Example

AB INITIO GUIDED DESIGN OF MATERIALS
Introduction
Top-Down and Bottom-Up Multiscale Modeling Strategies
Ab Initio Based Multiscale Modeling of Materials
Modeling of Ultralightweight Mg?Li Alloys
Ternary bcc MgLi?X Alloys
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

PART VI: Higher Level Trends

HYBRID DESIGN APPROACHES
Introduction
Motivation
From Monomaterial to Hybrid Multi-Material Design Approach in the Automotive Sector
ULSAB AVC Project/FSV Future Steel Vehicle Project
S-in Motion ? Steel BiW Project
Multi-Material Hybrid Design Approach
Optimum Multi-Material Solutions: The Reason for Hybrid Design Approach
SuperLIGHT-Car Project
Hybrid Solutions: Overview of Current Automotive Production
Trends in Automotive Materials and Structural Design
Hybrid Solutions in Aircraft, Rail, and Ship Market
General Aspects on Joining Technologies for Multi-Material Mix
Conclusion

SENSORIAL MATERIALS
Introduction
Components
Case Study
Further Reading

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING APPROACHES
Introduction
Metal Materials
Nonmetal Materials
Secondary Processes
Case Studies
Summary and Outlook
Further Reading

INDEX




“The clear presentation of properties and manufacturing processes in each material class such as metals, composites and polymers allows readers to quickly find solutions for their own engineering needs and to develop synergies between different fields of application.”  (Materials and Corrosion, 1 August 2013)