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Superacid Chemistry, 2nd Edition




The chemistry of superacids has developed in the last two decades into a field of growing interest and importance. Now available in a new expanded second edition, this definitive work on superacids offers a comprehensive review of superacids and discusses the development of new superacid systems and applications of superacids in the promotion of unusual reactions. Covering Bronsted and Leurs superacids, solid superacids, carbocations, heterocations, and catalyzed reactions, this timely volume is invaluable to professionals, faculty, and graduate students in organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry.
Preface to the Second Edition.

Preface to the First Edition.

Chapter 1: General Aspects.

1.1. Defining Acidity.

1.2. Definition of Superacids.

1.3. Types of Superacids.

1.4. Experimental Techniques for Acidity Measurements (Protic Acids).

Chapter 2: Superacid Systems.

2.1. Primary Superacids.

2.2. Binary Superacids.

2.3. Ternary Superacids.

2.4. Solid Superacids.

Chapter 3: Carbocations in Superacid Systems.

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. Methods of Generating Carbocations in Superacids.

3.3. Methods and Techniques in the Study of Carbocations.

3.4. Trivalent Carbocations.

3.5. Equilibrating (Degenerate) and Higher (Five or Six) Coordinate (Nonclassical) Carbocations.

Chapter 4: Heterocations in Superacid Systems.

4.1. Introduction.

4.2. Onium Ions.

4.3. Enium Ions.

4.4. Homo- And Heteropolyatomic Cations.

4.5. Cations of Group 6-12 Elements.

Chapter 5: Superacid-Catalyzed Reactions.

5.1. Conversion of Saturated Hydrocarbons.

5.2. Alkylation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

5.3. Acylation of Aromatics.

5.4. Carboxylation.

5.5. Formylation.

5.6. Thio- and Dithiocarboxylation.

5.7. Sulfonation and Sulfonylation.

5.8. Nitration.

5.9. Nitrosonium Ion (No+)-Induced Reactions.

5.10. Halogenation.

5.11. Amination.

5.12. Oxyfunctionalization.

5.13. Superacids in Protection Group Chemistry.

5.14. Superacids in Heterocyclic Chemistry.

5.15. Dehydration.

5.16. Superacids in Carbohydrate Chemistry.

5.17. Rearrangements and Cyclizations.

5.18. Ionic Hydrogenation.

5.19. Esterification and Ester Cleavage.

5.20. Additions.

5.21. Ritter Reactions.

5.22. Polymerization.

5.23. Miscellaneous Reactions.



"Superacid Chemistry is a tightly worded description of the present state of the field, and as an inclusive reference book for this area of chemistry, I believe most active researchers will want access to it." (JACS , August 2009)