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Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials

Zhiguang Guo, Fuchao Yang

ISBN: 978-3-527-80672-0 January 2018 300 Pages

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A comprehensive and systematic treatment that focuses on surfaces and interfaces phenomena inhabited in biomimetic superhydrophobic materials, offering new fundamentals and novel insights.
As such, this new book covers the natural surfaces, fundamentals, fabrication methods and exciting applications of superhydrophobic materials, with particular attention paid to the smart surfaces that can show switchable and reversible water wettability under external stimuli, such as pH, temperature, light, solvents, and electric fields. It also includes recent theoretical advances of superhydrophobic surfaces with regard to the wetting process, and some promising breakthroughs to promote this theory.
As a result, materials scientists, physicists, physical chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemists will benefit greatly from a deeper understanding of this topic.
1. Introduction

2. Superhydrophobic surfaces from nature
2.1 Superhydrophobic plant surfaces in nature
2.2 Superhydrophobic surfaces of animals in nature
2.3 Behind and beyond superhydrophobicity: natural hierarchical structures

3. Advances in the theory of superhydrophobic surfaces and Interfaces
3.1 Basic theories: contact angle and Young's equation
3.2 Wenzel model: adaptability and limitations
3.3 Cassie-Baxter model: adaptability and limitations
3.4 Improved models
3.5 Cassie-Wenzel and Wenzel-Cassie transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces

4. Fabrications of non-coated Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Interfaces
4.1 Etching method
4.2 Lithography
4.3 Anodization
4.4 Laser processing
4.5 Electrodeposition
4.6 Hydrothermal method
4.7 Sol-gel process
4.8 Electrospinning
4.9 Others

5. Superhydrophobic nanocoatings: from materials to applications
5.1 Materials for nanocoatings
5.1.1 Inorganic materials
5.1.2 Organic materials
5.1.3 Inorganic-organic hybrid materials
5.2 Fabrication methods for nanocoatings
5.2.1 Sol-gel process
5.2.3 Chemical vapor deposition
5.2.4 Spray process
5.2.5 Electrospinning process
5.2.6 Electrodeposition
5.2.7 Solution immersion process
5.2.8 Other techniques
5.3 Biomimetic transparent and superhydrophobic coatings
5.3.1 Two competitive characters: transparency and superhydrophobicity
5.3.2 Various materials for transparent and superhydrophobic surfaces
5.3.3 Potential applications

6. Adhesion Behaviors on Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Interfaces
6.1 Liquid-solid adhesion of superhydrophobic surfaces
6.1.1 Surfaces with special adhesion in nature
6.1.2 Artificial superhydrophobic surfaces with special adhesion
6.1.3 Switchable liquid-solid adhesions on superhydrophobic surfaces
6.2 Adhesion of ice on superhydrophobic surfaces
6.2.1 Mechanism of ice crystallization
6.2.2 Anti- adhesion icing properties of superhydrophobic surfaces
6.3 Solid-solid adhesion of superhydrophobic surfaces
6.3.1 Protein adsorption on superhydrophobic surfaces
6.3.2 Cell adhesion on superhydrophobic surfaces
6.3.3 Bacterial adhesions on superhydrophobic surfaces

7. Smart biomimetic superhydrophobic materials with switchable wettability
7.1 pH-responsive wettable materials
7.2 Photo-induced self-cleaning properties
7.3 Solvent-responsive wettable materials
7.4 Magnetic control behavior of superhydrophobic microspheres
7.5 Other external stimulis

8. Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials applied for oil/water separation (I)
8.1 Metallic mesh-based materials
8.2 Fabric-based materials
8.3 Sponge and foam-based materials
8.4 Particles and powdered materials
8.5 Other bulk materials
8.6 Theories behind oil/water separation behaviour

9. Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials applied for oil/water separation (II)
9.1 The formation of water-and-oil emulsions
9.2 Modified Traditional Ceramic and Polymer Separation Membranes
9.3 Novel Polymer Membranes
9.3.1 In Situ Polymerization
9.3.2 Mussel-inspired Deposition
9.3.2 Phase Inversion Process
9.4 Nanomaterial-based Membranes
9.4.1 Carbon-based
9.4.2 Cellulose-based
9.5 Non-two-dimensional Separating Methods

10. Conclusion and outlook