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Surgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery: Clinical Questions and Answers



Surgical Critical Care and Emergency Surgery: Clinical Questions and Answers


This is a unique question-and-answer book for surgical residents and trainees, concentrating on the growing subspecialty of surgery in critical care and emergency surgery. This book covers all surgical aspects of critical care and acute or emergency surgery, making it an ideal learning and review  text for surgical trainees and those professionals specializing in these fields.

List of Contributors, ix

Preface, xiii

Part One Surgical Critical Care, 1

1 Respiratory and Cardiovascular Physiology, 3
Marcin A. Jankowski and Frederick Giberson

2 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Oxygen Delivery, and Shock, 15
Timothy J. Harrison and Mark Cipolle

3 Arrhythmias, Acute Coronary Syndromes, and Hypertensive Emergencies, 22
Harrison T. Pitcher and Timothy J. Harrison

4 Sepsis and the Inflammatory Response to Injury, 41
Juan C. Duchesne and Marquinn D. Duke

5 Hemodynamic and Respiratory Monitoring, 52
Christopher S. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Coughenour, and Stephen L. Barnes

6 Airway Management, Anesthesia, and Perioperative Management, 62
Jeffrey P. Coughenour and Stephen L. Barnes

7 Acute Respiratory Failure and Mechanical Ventilation, 76
Lewis J. Kaplan and Adrian A. Maung

8 Infectious Disease, 86
Charles Kung Chao Hu, Heather Dolman, and Patrick McGann

9 Pharmacology and Antibiotics, 95
Michelle Strong

10 Transfusion, Hemostasis and Coagulation, 106
Stacy Shackelford and Kenji Inaba

11 Analgesia and Sedation, 117
Juan C. Duchesne and Marquinn D. Duke

12 Delirium, Alcohol Withdrawal, and Psychiatric Disorders, 126
Meghan Edwards and Ali Salim

13 Acid-Base, Fluid and Electrolytes, 136
Charles Kung Chao Hu, Andre Nguyen, and Nicholas Thiessen

14 Metabolic Illness and Endocrinopathies, 145
Therese M. Duane and Andrew Young

15 Hypothermia and Hyperthermia, 151
Raquel M. Forsythe

16 Acute Kidney Injury, 156
Terence O’Keeffe

17 Liver Failure, 165
Bellal Joseph

18 Nutrition, 172
Rifat Latifi

19 Neurocritical Care, 181
Scott H. Norwood and Herb A. Phelan

20 Venous Thromboembolism, 192
Herb A. Phelan and Scott H. Norwood

21 Transplantation, Immunology, and Cell Biology, 202
Leslie Kobayashi

22 Obstetric Critical Care, 213
Gerard J. Fulda and Anthony Sciscione

23 Envenomations, Poisonings and Toxicology, 222
Michelle Strong

24 Common Procedures in the ICU, 233
Adam D. Fox and Daniel N. Holena

25 Diagnostic Imaging, Ultrasound, and Interventional Radiology, 243
Randall S. Friese and Terence O’Keeffe

Part Two Emergency Surgery, 253

26 Neurotrauma, 255
Bellal Joseph

27 Blunt and Penetrating Neck Trauma, 262
Leslie Kobayashi

28 Cardiothoracic and Thoracic Vascular Injury, 273
Leslie Kobayashi

29 Abdominal and Abdominal Vascular Injury, 282
Leslie Kobayashi

30 Orthopedic and Hand Trauma, 292
Brett D. Crist and Gregory J. Della Rocca

31 Peripheral Vascular Trauma, 302
Daniel N. Holena and Adam D. Fox

32 Urologic Trauma, 311
Hoylan Fernandez and Scott Petersen

33 Care of the Pregnant Trauma Patient, 319
Julie L. Wynne and Terence O’Keeffe

34 Esophagus, Stomach, and Duodenum, 328
Andrew Tang

35 Small Intestine, Appendix, and Colorectal, 338
Jay J. Doucet and Vishal Bansal

36 Gallbladder and Pancreas, 348
Andrew Tang

37 Liver and Spleen, 357
Narong Kulvatunyou

38 Incarcerated Hernias, 368
Narong Kulvatunyou

39 Soft-tissue and Necrotizing Infection, 373
Joseph J. DuBose

40 Obesity and Bariatric Surgery, 380
Stacy A. Brethauer and Carlos V.R. Brown

41 Burns, Inhalation Injury, Electrical and Lightning Injuries, 392
Joseph J. DuBose

42 Urologic and Gynecologic Surgery, 399
Julie L. Wynne

43 Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 408
Jared L. Antevil and Carlos V.R. Brown

44 Extremes of Age: Pediatric Surgery and Geriatrics, 421
Michael C. Madigan and Gary T. Marshall

45 Telemedicine and Surgical Technology, 431
Rifat Latifi

46 Statistics, 436
Randall S. Friese

47 Ethics, End-of-Life, and Organ Retrieval, 443
Lewis J. Kaplan and Felix Lui

Index, 454

“This book identifies many of the important themes in the practice of emergency surgical management. It may be used as part of a general review of emergency surgical practice.”  (Doody’s, 5 July 2013)