Skip to main content

Sustainable Engineering: Drivers, Metrics, Tools, and Applications

Hardcover

$145.00

Sustainable Engineering: Drivers, Metrics, Tools, and Applications

Krishna R. Reddy, Claudio Cameselle, Jeffrey A. Adams

ISBN: 978-1-119-49393-8 April 2019 544 Pages

Description

Comprehensively covers the definition, methodology, and current applications of the principles of sustainability and resiliency in every engineering discipline

This book contains detailed information about sustainability and resiliency principles and applications in engineering practice, and provides information on how to use scientific tools for sustainability assessment that help engineers select the best alternative for each project or activity. Logically organized around the three pillars of sustainability—environment, economy, and society—it is a primary resource for students and professionals alike.

Sustainable Engineering: Drivers, Metrics, Tools, and Applications offers numerous ways to help engineers contribute towards global sustainable development while solving some of the grand challenges the world is facing today. The first part of the book covers the environmental, economic, and social impacts associated with project/product development as well as society as a whole. This is followed by a section devoted to sustainability metrics and assessment tools, which includes material flow analysis and material budget, carbon footprint analysis, life cycle assessment, environmental health risk assessment, and more. Next comes an in-depth examination of sustainable engineering practices, including sustainable energy engineering, sustainable waste management, and green and sustainable buildings. The book concludes with a look at how sustainable engineering may be applied to different engineering (i.e. environmental, chemical, civil, materials, infrastructure) projects.

Some of the key features of this book include the following: 

  • Provides a complete and sensible understanding of the important concepts of sustainability, resiliency, and sustainable engineering
  • Offers detailed explanations of sustainable engineering practices in waste management and remediation of contaminated sites, civil construction and infrastructure, and climate geoengineering
  • Presents a set of case studies across different engineering disciplines such as bio/chemical, environmental, materials, construction, and infrastructure engineering that demonstrate the practical applicability of sustainability assessment tools to diverse projects
  • Includes questions at the end of each chapter as well as a solutions manual for academic adopters 

The depth of coverage found in Sustainable Engineering: Drivers, Metrics, Tools, and Applications makes it an ideal textbook for graduate students across all engineering disciplines and a handy resource for active professionals.

Section I: Drivers, Environmental, Economic and Social Impacts and Resiliency

Chapter 1. Emerging Challenges, Sustainability, and Sustainable Engineering

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Emerging challenges

1.2.1 Increased consumption and depletion of natural resources

1.2.2 Growing environmental pollution

1.2.3 Increasing population

1.2.4 Increasing waste generation

1.2.5 Increasing greenhouse gas emissions

1.2.6 Decline of ecosystems

1.2.7 Loss of biodiversity

1.2.8 Social injustice

1.2.9 Urban sprawl

1.3 What is sustainability?

1.4 What is sustainable engineering?

1.5 Summary

1.6 Questions and problems 

1.7 Cited references

Chapter 2. Environmental Concerns

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Global warming and climate change

2.3 Desertification

2.4 Deforestation

2.5 Loss of habitat and biodiversity

2.6 Ozone layer depletion

2.7 Air pollution

2.8 Smog

2.9 Acid rain

2.10 Water usage and pollution

2.11 Eutrophication

2.12 Salinity

2.13 Wastes and disposal

2.14 Land contamination

2.15 Visibility

2.16 Odors

2.17 Aesthetic degradation

2.18 Land use patterns

2.19 Thermal pollution

2.20 Noise pollution

2.21 Summary

2.22 Questions and problems

2.23 Cited references

Chapter 3. Social, Economic, and Legal Issues

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Social issues

3.2.1 Society

3.2.2 Developed and developing societies

3.2.3 Social sustainability concept

3.2.4 Social indicators

3.2.5 Social Impact assessment

3.2.6 Social sustainability Implementation

3.3 Economic issues

3.3.1 Economic assessment framework

3.3.2 Life cycle costing

3.3.3 True-cost accounting

3.4 Legal issues

3.5 Summary

3.6 Questions and problems

3.7 Cited references

Chapter 4. Availability and Depletion of Natural Resources

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Types and availability of resources

4.2.1 Fossil fuels

4.2.2 Radioactive fuels

4.2.3 Mineral resources

4.2.4 Water resources

4.2.5 Other elemental cycles

4.3 Resource depletion

4.3.1 Causes of resource depletion

4.3.2 Effects of resource depletion

4.3.3 Overshooting

4.3.4 Urban metabolism

4.4 Summary

4.5 Questions and problems

4.6 Cited references

Chapter 5. Disaster Resiliency

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Climate change and extreme events

5.3 Impacts of extreme events

5.3.1 The 2012 Hurricane Sandy in New York city

5.3.2 The 2016 Chile's wildfires by drought and record heat

5.3.3 The 2017 Worst South Asian monsoon floods

5.4 What is resiliency?

5.5 Initiatives and policies on resiliency

5.6 Resiliency framework

5.7 Resilient infrastructure

5.8 Resilient infrastructure examples

5.8.1 San Francisco firehouse resilient design

5.8.2 San Francisco resilient CSD design

5.8.3 Resilient environmental remediation

5.9 Challenges

5.10 Summary

5.11 Questions and problems

5.12 Cited references

Section II: Sustainability Metrics and Assessment Tools

Chapter 6. Sustainability Indicators, Metrics, and Assessment Tools

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Sustainability indicators

6.3 Sustainability metrics

6.4 Sustainability assessment tools

6.5 Summary

6.6 Questions and problems

6.7 Cited references

Chapter 7. Material Flow Analysis and Material Budget

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Budget of natural resources

7.3 Constructing a budget

7.4 Material flow analysis

7.5 Material flow analysis: wastes

7.6 National material account

7.7 Summary

7.8 Questions and problems

7.9 Cited references

Chapter 8. Carbon Footprint Analysis

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Global warming potential and carbon footprint

8.3 Measuring carbon footprint

8.4 Standards for calculating the carbon footprint

8.5 GHG inventory: developments in the United States

8.6 USEPA: greenhouse gas reporting program

8.7 Tools for GHG inventory

8.8 UIC carbon footprint case study

8.9 Programs to mitigate GHG emissions

8.10 Summary

8.11 Questions and problems

8.12 Cited references

Chapter 9. Life Cycle Assessment

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Life cycle assessment

9.2.1 Definition and objective

9.2.2 Procedure

9.2.3 History

9.3 LCA methodology

9.3.1 Goal and scope definition

9.3.2 Life cycle inventory (LCI)

9.3.3 Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA)

9.3.4 Interpretation and unresolved issues

9.4 LCA tools

9.5 Simple LCA example

9.6 Summary

9.7 Questions and problems

9.8 Cited references

Chapter 10. Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Streamlined LCA

10.3 Health and safety to the SLCA matrix

10.4 Simple example of SLCA

10.5 Applications of SLCA

10.6 Summary

10.7 Questions and problems

10.8 Cited references

Chapter 11. Economic Input Output-Life Cycle Analysis

11.1 Introduction

11.2 EIO model

11.3 EIO-LCA

11.4 EIO-LCA model results

11.4.1 Interpretation of results

11.4.2 Uncertainty

11.4.3 Other issues and considerations

11.5 Example of EIO-LCA model

11.6 Conventional LCA versus EIO-LCA

11.7 EIO versus physical input-output (PIO) analysis

11.8 Summary

11.9 Questions and problems

11.10 Cited references

Chapter 12. Environmental Health Risk Assessment

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Emergence of the risk era

12.3 Risk assessment and management

12.4 Ecological risk assessment

12.5 Summary

12.6 Questions and problems

12.7 Cited references

Chapter 13. Other Emerging Assessment Tools

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Environmental assessment tools/indicators

13.3 Ecosystem services valuation

13.4 Integrated sustainability assessment models

13.5 Sustainability assessment tools

13.5.1 Life-cycle costing

13.5.2 Cost benefit analysis

13.6 Environmental justice tools

13.7 Summary

13.8 Questions and problems

13.9 Cited references

Section III: Sustainable Engineering Practices

Chapter 14. Sustainable Energy Engineering

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Environmental impacts of energy generation

14.2.1 Air emissions

14.2.2 Solid waste generation

14.2.3 Water resource use

14.2.4 Land resource use

14.3 Nuclear energy

14.4 Strategies for clean energy and the environment

14.5 Renewable energy

14.5.1 Solar energy

14.5.2 Wind energy

14.5.3 Water energy

14.5.4 Geothermal energy

14.5.5 Biomass energy

14.6 Summary

14.7 Questions and problems

14.8 Cited references

Chapter 15. Sustainable Waste Management

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Types of waste

15.2.1 Non-hazardous waste

15.2.2 Hazardous waste

15.3 Effects and impacts of waste

15.4 Waste management

15.4.1 Pollution prevention

15.4.2 Green chemistry

15.4.3 Waste minimization

15.4.4. Reuse/recycling

15.4.5 Energy recovery

15.4.6 Landfilling

15.5 Integrated waste management

15.6 Sustainable waste management

15.7 Summary

15.8 Questions and problems

15.9 Cited references

Chapter 16. Green and Sustainable Buildings and Infrastructure

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Green building history

16.3 Why build green?

16.4 Green building concepts

16.5 Components of green building

16.6 Green building rating - LEED

16.7 Principles of green building/infrastructure design and operation

16.8 Summary

16.9 Questions and problems

16.10 Cited references

Chapter 17. Sustainable Civil Infrastructure

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Principles of sustainable infrastructure

17.3 Civil infrastructure

17.4 EnvisionTM: sustainability rating of civil infrastructure

17.5 Sustainable infrastructure practices:  example of water infrastructure

17.5.1 Green roofs

17.5.2 Permeable pavements

17.5.3 Rainwater harvesting

17.5.4 Rain gardens and planter boxes

17.5.5 Bioswales

17.5.6 Constructed wetlands and tree canopies

17.6 Summary

17.7 Questions and problems

17.8 Cited references

Chapter 18. Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Sites

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Contaminated site remediation approach

18.3 Green and sustainable remediation technologies

18.4 Sustainable remediation framework

18.5 Sustainable remediation indicators, metrics, and tools

18.6 Case studies

18.7 Challenges and opportunities

18.8 Summary

18.9 Questions and problems

18.10 Cited references

Chapter 19. Climate Geoengineering

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Climate geoengineering

19.3 Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) methods

19.3.1 Subsurface sequestration

19.3.2 Surface sequestration

19.3.3 Marine organism sequestration

19.3.4 Direct engineered capture

19.4 Solar radiation management (SRM) methods

19.4.1 Sulfur injection

19.4.2 Reflectors and mirrors

19.5 Applicability of CDR and SRM

19.6 Climate geoengineering – a theoretical framework

19.7 Risks and challenges

19.8 Summary

19.9 Questions and problems

19.10 Cited references

Section IV: Sustainable Engineering Applications

Chapter 20. Environmental and Chemical Engineering Projects

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Food scrap landfilling versus composting

20.2.1 Background

20.2.2 Methodology

20.2.3 Environmental sustainability

20.2.4 Life cycle assessment

20.2.5 Economic sustainability

20.2.6 Social sustainability

20.2.7 EnvisionTM

20.2.8 Conclusions

20.3 Adsorbent for the removal of arsenic from groundwater

20.3.1 Background

20.3.2 Methodology

20.3.3 Environmental sustainability

20.3.4 Economic sustainability

20.3.5 Social sustainability

20.3.6 Streamline life cycle assessment (SLCA)

20.3.7 EnvisionTM

20.3.8 Conclusions

20.4 Conventional versus biocover landfill cover system

20.4.1 Background

20.4.2 Methodology

20.4.3 Sustainability assessment

20.4.4 Economic sustainability

20.4.5 Social sustainability

20.4.6 Conclusions

20.5 Algae biomass deep well reactors versus open pond systems

20.5.1 Background

20.5.2 Methodology

20.5.3 Environmental sustainability

20.5.4 Economic sustainability

20.5.5 Social sustainability

20.5.6 Conclusions

20.6 Remedial alternatives for PCB and pesticide contaminated sediment

20.6.1 Background

20.6.2 Methodology

20.6.3 Environmental impact assessment

20.6.4 Economic assessment

20.6.5 Social impact assessment

20.6.6 Overall sustainability

20.6.7 Conclusions

20.7 Summary

20.8 Cited references

Chapter 21. Civil and Materials Engineering Sustainability Projects

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Sustainable translucent composite panels

21.2.1 Background

21.2.2 Methodology

21.2.3 Environmental sustainability

21.2.4 Economic sustainability

21.2.5 Social sustainability

21.2.6 Conclusions

21.3 Sustainability assessment of concrete mixtures for pavements and bridge decks

21.3.1 Background

21.3.2 Methodology

21.3.3 Environmental sustainability

21.3.4 Economic sustainability

21.3.5 Social sustainability

21.3.6 Conclusions

21.4 Sustainability assessment of parking lot design alternatives

21.4.1 Background

21.4.2 Methodology

21.4.3 Environmental sustainability

21.4.4 Economic sustainability

21.4.5 Social sustainability

21.4.6 Overall sustainability

21.4.7 Conclusions

21.5 Summary

21.6 Cited references

Chapter 22. Infrastructure Engineering Sustainability Projects

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Comparison of two building designs for an electric bus substation

22.2.1 Background

22.2.2 Methodology

22.2.3 Environmental sustainability

22.2.4 Economic sustainability

22.2.5 Social sustainability

22.2.6 Conclusions and recommendations

22.3 Prefabricated cantilever retaining wall versus conventional cantilever cast-in place retaining wall

22.3.1 Background

22.3.2 Methodology

22.3.3 Environmental sustainability

22.3.4 Economic sustainability

22.3.5 Social sustainability

22.3.6 Conclusions and recommendations

22.4 Sustainability assessment of two alternate water pipelines

22.4.1 Background

22.4.2 Methodology

22.4.3 Environmental sustainability

22.4.4 Economic sustainability

22.4.5 Social sustainability

22.4.6 Conclusions

22.5 Sustainable rural electrification of Paisley, Oregon

22.5.1 Background

22.5.2 Methodology

22.5.3 Economic analysis

22.5.4 Environmental sustainability

22.5.5 Social sustainability

22.5.6 Conclusions and recommendations

22.6 Sustainability assessment of shear wall retrofitting techniques

22.6.1 Background

22.6.2 Methodology

22.6.3 Environmental sustainability

22.6.4 Economic sustainability

22.6.5 Social sustainability

22.6.6 Final assessment

22.6.7 Conclusions

22.7 Summary

22.8 Cited references