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TMS 2012 141st Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Supplemental Proceedings, Volume 1, Materials Processing and Interfaces

TMS 2012 141st Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Supplemental Proceedings, Volume 1, Materials Processing and Interfaces

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

ISBN: 978-1-118-35604-3

May 2012

1080 pages



Contains papers relating to materials processing and interfaces presented at various symposia at the 2012 TMS Annual Meeting.

Advances in Surface Engineering: Alloyed and Composite Coatings
Session II

Structural Coatings in Aluminum Alloy Microtruss Materials 3
B. Yu, and G. Hibbard

Laser Cladding of High-Performance CPM Tool Steels on Hardened H13 Hot-Work Tool Steel for Automotive Tooling Applications 11
J. Chen, and L. Xue

Electron Beam Deposited Multilayer Optical Interference Coatings Using Oxide Composites 19
A. Nayak, N. Sahoo, R. Tokas, A. Biswas, and N. Kamble

Session III

Microstructure and Wear Properties of Laser In-situ Formation of TiBx and TiC Titanium Composite Coatings 27
J. Liang, C. Liu, S. Chen, and C. Ren

Creep Behavior of Plasma Sprayed Y-PSZ Coated 6063-T6 Aluminum Alloy 35
E. Erzi, C. Kahruman, and S. Yilmaz

Contribution of Ti Addition to the Electronic Structure and Adhesion at the Fe2Al5/Fe Interface in 55%Al-Zn Coating 41
G. Wu, Y. Ren, J. Zhang, and K. Chou

Session IV

The Roles of Diffusion Factors in Electrochemical Corrosion of TiN and CrN (CrSiCN) Coated Mild Steel and Stainless Steel 49
F. Cai, Q. Yang, and X. Huang

Effect of Electroplating Parameters on "HER" Current Density in Ni-MoS2 Composite Plating 57
E. Saraloglu Guler, I. Karakaya, and E. Konca

Production of Ceramic Layers on Aluminum Alloys by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in Alkaline Silicate Electrolytes 65
A. Lugovskoy, A. Kossenko, B. Kazanski, and M. Zinigrad

Abrasive Wear Properties of Plasma Sprayed Y-PSZ Coated 6063-T6 Aluminum Alloy 73
E. Erzi, S. Yildirim, and S. Yilmaz

The Electrochemical Behavior of Surgical Grade 316L S S with and without HA Coatings in Simulated Body Fluid 79
T. Singh, H. Singh, H. Singh, and H. Saheet

Modification Research on the Influence on Corrosion Film Properties of Pb-Ca-Sn Alloys of with Addition of Bi, Ag and Zn 87
L. Xu, L. Liu, and P. Zhu

Session V

Evaluation of Residual Stress in Fe2B Coating on Ductile Cast Iron 95
M. Donu Ruiz, N. Lopez Perrusquia, V. Cortez Suarez, and D. Sanchez Huitron

General Poster Session
Session I

Influence of Heat Treatment on the Corrosion of Steels in CCS Environment 103
A. Pfennig, S. Schulz, A. Kranzmann, T. Werlitz, S. Wetzlich, E. Billow, J. Tietböhl, and C. Frieslich

Microstructure and Property Modifications in Mould Steels Treated by Pulsed Electron Beam 111
K. Zhang

Potential Fiberboard Material from Cow Manure and Disposable Water Bottle 119
B. Ng, M. Murray, C. Bradfield, and R Pritish

Influence of Process and Thermo-physical Parameters on the Heat Transfer at Electron Beam Melting of Cu and Ta 125
K. Vutova, V. Donchev, V. Vassileva, and G. Mladenov

Industrial Use of a New Ultrasound Spray for Cooling and Wet Gas Treatment in the Pyrometallurgical Processes 133
M. Cirkovic, V. Trujic, and Z. Kamberovic

Development of 3D Porous Nickel Electrodes for Hydrogen Production 141
V. Pérez-Herranz, I. Herrâiz-Cardona, E. Ortega, and J. Garcia-Anton

Electrochemical Recovery of Zinc Present in the Spent Pickling Baths Coming from Hot Dip Galvanizing Processes 149
V. Pérez-Herranz, J. Carrillo-Abad, M. Garcia-Gabaldôn, and E. Ortega

Laboratory Testing Results of Kinetics and Processing Technology of the Polymetallic Sulphide Concentrate Blagojev Kamen - Serbia 157
M. Cirkovic, Z. Kamberovic, and V. Trujic

Hidrotalcite with Gentamicine, of the Type Mg0.68Al0.32(OH)2 (NO3)0.32*0.1H2O, Formed by Chemical Coprecipitation in Controlled Atmosphere 165
H. Rodriguez-Santoyo, and O. Martinez-Alvarez

Effect of Thiodiglycolamide Addition to Di-n-hexyl Sulfide on the Pd(II) Extraction Rate 173
H. Narita, M. Tanaka, and S. Ueno

Synthesis and Characterization of Metallic Oxides 179
E. Brocchi, R. Souza, M. Doneda, J. Campos, A. Wimmer, and R. Navarro

Fabrication of Lotus-Type Porous Copper by Centrifugal Casting Technique 187
Y. Lee, H. Kim, M. Kim, and S. Hyun

Effects of Pulsed Magnetic Annealing on the Grain Boundary of Primary Recrystallized Microstructure in the Grain-Oriented Silicon Steel 191
J. Huang, L. Liu, X. Xia, X. Jiang, L. Li, and Q. Zhai

Relationship between Heat Input and Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Laser Beam Welded Superalloy Inconel 718 199
A. Odabasi, N. Ünlti, G. Göller, M. Eruslu, and E. Kayali

Experimental Study on the Behavior of Slag Entrapment and Inclusion Removal in 44 t Ladle with Argon Blowing 207
S. Zheng, M. Zhu, and Z. Cheng

The Effect of High Superheat on the Solidification Structure and Carbon Segregation of Ferrite-Based Alloy 215
H. Zhong, Y. Tan, H. Li, X. Mao, and Q. Zhai

Refinement of Ligaments of Nanoporous Ag Ribbons by Controlling the Surface Diffusion of Ag 223
T. Song, Y. Gao, Z. Zhang, and Q. Zhai

Thermal Analysis of the Composition of Poly(Acrylic Acidy / Carboxymethylstarch Used as a Polymeric Binder 231
B. Grabowska, M. Holtzer, S. Eichholz, K. Hodor, and E. Olejnik

Mechanical Behavior Related to Interface Physics
Grain Boundaries; Experiment and Modeling

Interfacial Strength of Al/Zr/DU-10%wtMo Subject to Different Loading Modes 241
M Lovato, C. Liu, and W. Blumenthal

Interface Evolution under Mechanical Loading: Experiment, Characterization, and Theoretical Modeling

Uniaxial Tension of Friction-Welded 304-Stainless Steel and 6061 Aluminum 249
C. Liu, M. Lovato, and W. Blumenthal

Interface Structures; Characterization, Theory, and Modeling

Ultra Fast Grain Boundary Segregation In Hot Deformed Nickel 257
M Allart, F. Christien, and R. Le Gall

Quantitative NanoSIMS Analysis of Grain Boundary Segregation in Bulk Samples 265
F. Christien, K. Moore, C. Downing, and C. Grovenor

The Periodic Unit of Doubly-diffracted Reflections from Periodic Grain Boundaries in Cubic Crystals and Its Relationship with Coincident Site Lattice 273
M. Shamsuzzoha

Poster Session

The In-situ Intrinsic Stress Measurements of Cu and Al Thin Films 281
J. Yu, and Y. Kim

Delamination Characterization of Bonded Interface Using Surface Based Cohesive Model 289
M. Ramamurthi, and Y. Kim


Mechanical Behavior and Modelling of Nanocomposites

Compressive Strength of Epoxy- Graphite Nanoplatelets Composites 299
H. Colorado, A. Wong, and J. Yang

Micromechanical Analysis of Influences of Agglomerated Nanotube Interphase on Effective Material Properties of a Three Phase Piezoelectric Nanocomposite 307
T. Tang, and P. Wang

Effect of Nano-Paper Coating on Flexural Properties of a Fire-Treated Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Composite 313
J. Skovron, J. Zhuge, A. Gordon, J. Kapat, and J. Gou

Finite Element Modeling of the Nanoscratching of Polymer Surfaces 321
W. Chirdon, and J. Rozas

Processing of Nanocomposites I

Manufacturing and Characterization of an Auxetic Composite 329
F. Chiang

Microtruss Cellular Nanocomposites 337
K. Abu Samk, G. Huang, M. Skocic, H. Zur ob, D. Embury, O. Bouaziz, and G. Hibbard

Nanocomposites for Magnetic and Dielectric Applications

Synthesis of Tailored Core-Shell Magnetic Microparticles for Intravascular Embolization 345
G. Ferreira, A. Umpierre, and F. Machado

Dramatic Expansion of Luminescence Region in GaP/Polymer Nanocomposites 353
S. Pyshkin, and J. Ballato

Nanocomposite Interfaces and Characterization

Positron Lifetime Analysis of Polyurea-Nanoclay Composites 361
N. Seetala, D. Hubbard, G. Burks, A. Trochez, and V. Khabashesku

Processing of Nanocomposites II

Rheological Properties of Suspensions of Nanopowders Yttrium Oxide (Y203) and Magnesium-Aluminum Spinel (MgAl204) 367
G. Zyla, M. Cholewa, A. Witek, J. Plog, V. Lehmann, T. Oerther, and D. Gross

Thermal Properties of Hemp-High Density Polyethylene Composites: Effect of Two Different Chemical Treatments 375
N. Lu, and S. Oza

Discarded Ultrafine Particulate Carbonaceous Materials Used as Reinforcers of Rubber Vulcanized Products 383
G. Martin-Cortés, F. Esper, L. Galvào Dantas, W. Hennies, and F. Valenzuela-Diaz

Properties of Additional Reinforcers Materials Used to Complement NAOB - A Rubber / Organoclay Nanocomposite Material 389
F. Esper, G. Martin-Cortés, L. Dantas, A. Cutrim, W. Hennies, and F. Valenzuela-Diaz

Poster Session

Thermal Properties of Carbon Nano Tubes Reinforced Mg-Matrix Nanocomposites 395
S. Iqbal, A. Mustafa, S. Talapatra, and P. Filip

New Advances in Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Layered Double Hydroxides
Session I

Designing Layered Double Hydroxides for Targeted Applications 405
J. Hossenlopp, S. Majoni, and C. Machingauta

Electrochemical Synthesis of Layer Double Hydroxides, Its Characterization, and Performance Study for Removal of Nitrate and Arsenic 413
M. Haider, J. Gomes, K. Urbanczyk, D. Cocke, H. McWhinney, G. Irwin, and P. Bernazzani

Removal of Direct Red and Orange II Azo Dye from Synthetic Textile Water Using Electrochemically Produced Fe-LDH 421
S. Jame, J. Gomes, and D. Cocke

Removal of Arsenic Using Green Rust and Other Electrochemically Generated Floe 429
M. Rahman, J. Gomes, K. Urbanczyk, and D. Cocke

Formation of Layered Double Hydroxides in Self-Purification of Polynary Metal Electroplating Wastewaters for Effective Removal of Anionic Dye 437
J. Zhou, G. Qian, C. Liu, Y. Wu, X. Ruan, Y. Xu, andJ. Liu

Characterization and Chemical Modification of Electrochemically Produced Layered Double Hydroxides as Nanomaterials 445
M. Islam, J. Gomes, and P. Bernazzani

Randall M. German Honorary Symposium on Sintering and Powder-Based Materials
Sintering Theory and Practice

A Review on Alloying in Tungsten Heavy Alloys 455
A. Bose, R. Sadangi, and R. German

Current Activated and Conventional Sintering

Low-Thermal Load Consolidation of Sm-Fe-N Flake Powder by Combination of Cyclic Compression and Current Sintering 467
K. Takagi, H. Nakayama, and K. Ozaki

Fabrication of TiN / Fe-Al Cermet from Mixture of TiN, Fe and Al Powders 475
H. Nakayama, K. Ozaki, and K. Kobayashi

Transparent Polycrystalline Alumina Obtained by SPS: Single and Double Doping Effect 481
B. Apak, H. Kanbur, E. Ozkan Zayim, G. Goller, O. Yucel, and F. Cinar Sahin

Sintering of Nanocrystalline Tungsten Powder 489
W. de Rosset

Powder Technology

Effect of Powder Synthesis and Processing on Luminescence Properties 497
J. McKittrick, J. Han, J. Choi, and J. Talbot

Effect of Rapid Solidification and Heat Treatment on D2 Tool Steel 505
P. Delshad Khatibi, H. Henein, and D. Ivey

Powder Processing and Consolidation I

Development of Solid Freeform Fabrication for Metallic Parts Using Selective Inhibition of Sintering 513
M. Yoozbashizadeh, and B. Khoshnevis

Numerical Simulation of Cold Pressing of Armstrong CP-Ti Powders 521
A. Sabau, S. Gorti, W. Peter, W. Chen, and Y. Yamamoto

The Effect of Coke Particle Size on the Thermal Profile of the Sintering Process Product 529
N. Tahanpesarandezfuly, and A. Heidary Moghadam

Powder Processing and Consolidation II

Powder Material Principles Applied to Additive Manufacturing 537
D. Bourell, and J. Beaman

Processing Challenges of Dual-Matrix Carbon Nanotube Aluminum Composites 545
A. Esawi, K. Morsi, I. Salama, and H. Saleeb

Influence of High Pressure Torsion on the Consolidation Behavior and Mechanical Properties of AA6061-SiCp Composite Powders 553
H. Salem, W. El-Garaihy, and E. Rassoul

Powder Processing and Consolidation III

LASER Powder Deposition of AlMgBi4-TiB2 Ultra-Hard Coatings on Titanium and Steel Substrates 561
J. Fuerst, M. Carter, and J. Sears

Mechanical Properties of Spark Plasma Sintered ZrC-SiC Composites 569
S. Sagdic, I. Akin, F. Sahin, O. Yucel, and G. Goller

Intense Pulsed Light Sintering Technique for Nanomaterials 577
H. Colorado, S. Dhage, J. Yang, and H. Hahn

Recent Developments in Biological, Electronic, Functional and Structural Thin Films and Coatings
Process-Properties-Performance Correlations I

Dependence of Tribology of Carbide Derived Carbon Films on Humidity 587
M. Tlustochowicz

Structural and Optical Properties of Silicon Carbonitride Thin Films Deposited by Reactive DC Magnetron Sputtering 595
O. Agirseven, T. Tavsanoglu, E. Ozkan Zayim, and O. Yucel

Influence of TIG Re-Melting and RE (La203) Addition on Microstructure, Hardness and Wear of Ni-WC Composite Coating 603
B. Dhakar, D. Dwivedi, and S. Sharma

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Ni-Ti Bi-Layer Thin Film 609
M. Mohri, and M. Nili-Ahmadabadi

Anodic Ti02 Nanotubular Arrays with Pre-Synthesized Hydroxyapatite - A Promising Approach to Enhance the Biocompatibility of Titanium 617
L. Wang

Preparation and Properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 Thin Films by Electrodeposition and Sulfurization 625
C. An, H. Lu, andX. Chen

Process-Properties-Performance Correlations II

Formation of Crystalline and Amorphous Phases During Deposition of NixTi1-x Thin Film on Si Substrate - Interpretation of Experimental Results Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations 633
S. A ich, G. Priyadarshini, M. Gupta, S. Ghosh, and M. Chakraborty

Applications to Bio, Energy and Electronic Systems

Doping and Co-Doping of Bandgap-Engineered ZnO Films for Solar Driven Hydrogen Production 641
S. Shet, N. Ravindra, Y. Yan, and M. Al-Jassim

Magnetic Field Assisted Heterogeneous Device Assembly 651
V. Kasisomayajula, M. Booty, A. Fiory, and N. Ravindra

Organic Thermal Mode Photoresists for Applications in Nano-Lithography 663
H. Wu, M. Li, C. Yang, C Cheng, S. Chen, and D. Huang

Process-Properties-Performance Correlations III

Nitrogen Doped ZnO (ZnO:N) Thin Films Deposited by Reactive RF Magnetron Sputtering for PEC Application 669
S. Shet, K. Ahn, N Ravindra, Y. Y an, and M. Al-Jassim

Spin-Coated Erbium-Doped Silica Sol-Gel Films on Silicon 677
S. Abedrabbo, B. Lahlouh, S. Shet, A. Fiory, and N. Ravindra

Influence of Annealing on the Martensitic Transformation and Magnetocaloric Effect in Ni49Mn39Sni2 Ribbons 685
D. Wu, S. Xue, H. Zheng, and Q. Zhai

Metal Diaphragm Based Magnetic Field Sensor 693
A. Banobre, I. Padron, A. Fiory, and N. Ravindra

Optical and Electronic Properties of AlN, GaN and InN: An Analysis 701
C. Lamsal, D. Chen, and N. Ravindra

Science and Engineering of Light Metal Matrix Nanocomposites and Composites
Metal Matrix Nanocomposites

Interfacial Analysis of CNT Reinforced AZ61 Mg Alloy Composites 717
K. Kondoh, H. Fukuda, J. Umeda, and B. Fugetsu

Biodegradability and Mechanical Performance of Hydroxyapatite Reinforced Magnesium Matrix Nanocomposite 725
C. Ma, L. Chen, J. Xu, A. Fehrenbacher, Y. Li, F. Pfefferkorn, N. Duffie, J. Zheng, and X. Li

Mechanical Properties of A356-CNTCast Nano Composite Produced by a Special Compocasting Route 733
B. Abbasipour, B. Niroumand, and S. Monirvaghefi

Production of Cast AZ91-CNT Nano-Composite by Addition of Ni-P-CNT Coated Magnesium Powder to the Melt 741
M. Firoozbakht, B. Niroumand, and S. Monirvaghefi

Wear Behavior of Magnesium Matrix Nanocomposites at Room and Elevated Temperature 749
W. Li, and S. Liu

Nanocomposites and Composites

Uniform Dispersion of Nanoparticles in Metal Matrix Nanocomposites 757
L. Chen, H. Choi, A. Fehrenbacher, J. Xu, C. Ma, and X. Li

Effect of Core-shelled Nanoparticles of Carbon-Coated Nickel on Magnesium 765
Y. Sun, H. Choi, H. Konishi, V. Pikhovich, R. Hathaway, and X. Li

In Situ Composite of (Mg2Si)/Al Fabricated by Squeeze Casting 775
H. Lus, G. Ozer, and K. Guler

Optimization of Tensile Strength of Friction Stir Welded Al-(10 tol4 wt.%) TiB2 Metal Matrix Composites 783
S. Joseph Vijay, N. Murugan, and S. Parameswaran

Metal Matrix Composites

Slow-Shot High Pressure Die-Casting (SS-HPDC) Process for AE44 Magnesium Single-Cylinder Engine Block with Short-Fiber Reinforcement in the Bore 791
B. Hu, P. Wang, B. Powell, and X. Zeng

Compressive Properties of Al-B4C Composites over the Temperature Range of 25-500°C 799
S. Gangolu, A. Rao, N. Prabhu, V. Deshmukh, and B. Kashyap

Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite via Direct Metal Laser Deposition: Processing and Characterization 807
B. Wälder a, and S. Kalita

Damage Evolution Model for Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites 815
J. Dibelka, and S. Case

Numerical Simulation of Pressure Infiltration Process for Making Metal Matrix Composites: Effect of Process Parameters 823
B. Wang, and K. Pillai

Titanium: Advances in Processing, Characterization and Properties
Processing and Process Modeling I

Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties of ß-Titanium Ti-l0V-2Fe-3Al during Incremental Forming 833
S. Winter, S. Fhtsch, and M. Wagner

Study on Hot Deformation Behavior of TC4 Titanium Alloy 841
Y. Lu, S. Jiao, X. Zhou, and A. Dong

Evolution of Microstructures and Properties of Ti-44Al-6V-3Nb-0.3Y Alloy after Forging and Rolling 849
Y. Chen, H. Niu, S. Xiao, P. Sun, and C. Zhang

Effect of Forging on Microstrutural Characteristic and Tensile Properties of In-Situ (TiB+TiC)/Ti Composite 857
Y. Chen, C. Zhang, S. Xiao, D. Wu, and H. Niu

Processing and Process Modeling II

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti-6A1-4V Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting 863
M. Simonelli, Y. Tse, and C. Tuck

Computational Modeling of the Dissolution of Alloying Elements 871
J. Ou, A. Chatterjee, D. Maijer, S. Cockcroft, and C. Reilly

Cost Effective and Eco-Friendly Process for Preparation of Wrought Pure Ti Material via Direct Consolidation of TiH2 Powders 879
T. Mimoto, N. Nakanishi, T. Threrujirapapong, J. Umeda, and K. Kondoh

Effect of Dual-Laser Beam Welding on Microstructure Properties of Thin-Walled y-TiAl Based Alloy Ti-45Al-5Nb-0.2C-0.2B (TNB) 887
J. Liu, V. Ventzke, P. Staron, H. Brokmeier, M. Oehring, N. Kashaev, and N. Huber

Microstructure Evolution and Characterization I

Recrystallization Behavior in Ti-13Cr-1Fe-3Al Alloy after Severe Plastic Deformation 895
M. Ueda, H. Matsuhira, Y. Takasaki, M. Ikeda, and Y. Todaka

Mechanical Properties

Crack Initiation and Microstructurally Short Crack Growth of Ti-6A1-4V 903
H. Christ, H. Knobbe, P. Koester, C. Fritzen, and M. Riedler

Three-dimensional Investigation of the Microtexture near Tensile Crack Tip in Ti-6A1-4V 911
X. Xu, Y. Tse, G. West, and A. Huang

Machinability of ß-Titanium Alloy Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al with Different Microstructures 919
H. Abrahams, C. Mâchai, and D. Biermann

Residual Stress Relaxation Effects on the Cracking and Wear Processes of Shot Peened Ti-6A1-4V Titanium Alloy under Fretting-Fatigue Loading 927
R. Ferre, S. Fouvry, B. Berthel, R. Amargier, and A. Ferre

General Abstracts

Efficient Oxidation Protection of Ti- and TiAl-alloys by F-treatments 935
A. Donchev, M. Schütze, R. Yankov, and A. Kolitsch

Characteristics and Wear Performance of Nitrided Ti6A17Nb 941
F. Siyahjani, M. ïpekci, and H. Cimenoglu

Composition Analysis of Diffusion Bonded y-TiAl Intermetallic: TiAlV Alloy Interface by Using STEM 947
P. Sivagnanapalani, Gouthama, andM. Sujata

Effect of Erbium Addition on Microstructre of As-Cast Ti-22Al-25Nb Alloy 955
J. Dai, H. Lu, and Z. Cai

Fracture Behaviors of TiN and TiN/Ti Multilayer Coatings on Ti Substrate during Nanoindentation 963
Y. Sun, C. Lu, A. Tieu, Y. Zhao, H. Zhu, K. Cheng, and C. Kong

Deformation Mechanism in Nanoindentation of Ti63.375Fe34.i25Sn2 5 Alloy 971
K. Cheng, C. Lu, K. Tieu, L. Zhang, and Y. Sun

Wettability and Interfacial Phenomena between Metals and Ceramic/Refractory Materials
Session I

Chemical Wear of Basic Brick Linings in the Non-Ferrous Industry 981
D. Gregurek, A. Spanring, M Kirschen, andC. Majcenovic

Study on Wettability of Cu and 85Cu-15Ni Alloy on 18NiO-NiFe204 Composite Ceramics 989
J. Du, Y. Liu, G. Yao, Z. Zhang, and G. Zu

Interfacial Reactions in the Liquid/Solid and Liquid/Vapor Interfaces of Al-Si-Mg Alloys and Bl 2 (Bc2) Substrates 997
O. Herr era-Romero, M. Pech-Canul, Z. Chaudhury, and G. Newaz

TMS2011 General Abstracts: Structural Materials Division

Microstructure of a' Martensites in Ti-V-Al Alloys Studied by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy 1007
K. Sato, H. Matsumoto, A. Chiba, and T. Konno

Author Index 1013

Subject Index 1019