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Textbook of Uncommon Cancer, 5th Edition



Textbook of Uncommon Cancer, 5th Edition

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The fifth edition of the only comprehensive text dealing exclusively with rare or infrequently encountered malignancies in adults and children is an essential resource for any clinical oncologist.
  • Encompasses all the information needed to diagnose and manage uncommon cancers, an area where advice and guidance is typically scarce
  • Fully revised with new material and an evidence-based, teach-by-example approach
  • Provides insight on real-world decision making in the clinical setting
  • Edited and authored by a highly experienced and senior team of medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and other specialists, giving a balanced and complete overview
  • Extensively illustrated in full color throughout, including heat maps to show gene expression

Contributors, xi

Preface, xxi

Abbreviations, xxiii

Section 1 General Principles of Care of Uncommon Cancers

1 A Structured Approach to Uncommon Cancers, 1
Derek Raghavan

2 What Patients Need to Know: Information Needs and Information Sources of Patients Diagnosed with Rare Cancers, 6
Dana L. Ladd

3 Involving the Public in Rare Cancer Care and Research: Shaping the Future for Rare and Uncommon Cancers, 12
Jack S. Nunn, Clare L. Scott, John W. Stubbs, Sarah F. Cherry, and Marie M. Bismark

Section 2 Genitourinary Cancers

4 Uncommon Tumors of the Kidney, 19
Guillermo De Velasco, Sabina Signoretti, Brian I. Rini, and Toni K. Choueiri

5 Uncommon Cancers of the Bladder, 41
Humaid Al‐Shamsi, Donna E. Hansel, Joaquim Bellmunt, and Arlene O. Siefker‐Radtke

6 Urethral Cancer, 54
Tanya B. Dorff, Leslie K. Ballas, Anne K. Schuckman,Manju Aron, and David I. Quinn

7 Uncommon Cancers of the Prostate, 68
Scott T. Tagawa, Jaspreet S. Batra, Brian D. Robinson, and Ana Aparicio

8 Rare Tumors of the Testis and Paratesticular Tissues, 97
Robert Huddart, Anna Patrikidou, and Stephen Hazell

9 Penile Carcinoma, 122
J. Ryan Mark, Stephen B. Riggs, David L. Graham,Derek R. McHaffie, Chad A. Livasy, and Earle F. Burgess

Section 3 Head and Neck Cancer

10 Uncommon Tumors of the Oral Cavity and Adjacent Structures, 134
Madalina Tuluc, Voichita Bar‐Ad, David Cognetti, Jennifer Johnson, and Rita Axelrod

11 Rare Tumors of the Larynx, 152
Kenneth J. Niermann, Jill Gilbert, Kyle Mannion, Joseph M. Aulino, Kim Ely, and Barbara A. Murphy

12 Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma in Nonendemic Populations, 165
Lachlan McDowell, Annette Lim, and June Corry

13 Esthesioneuroblastoma, 196
Christine H. Chung, Gary L. Gallia, Bruce M. Wenig, John A. Arrington, and Jimmy J. Caudell

Section 4 Thoracic Tumors

14 Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma, 214
Mohammad Abu Zaid, Kenneth Kesler, Jessica Smith, Sunil Badve, and Patrick J. Loehrer Sr

15 Primary Sarcomas of the Lung, 248
Vinod Ravi, Mara Antonoff, Hannah Wingate, Wei‐Lien Wang, and Kelly K. Hunt

16 Mesothelioma, 266
Anna K. Nowak, John G. Edwards, and Jenette Creaney

17 Primary Melanoma of the Lung, 285
Louise A. Jackett, Richard A. Scolyer, James F. Bishop, and John F. Thompson

18 Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, 293
Nanna H. Sulai, Edward S. Kim, and Vijayalakshmi Ananthanarayanan

19 Lung Adenocarcinoma: Current Classifications and Uncommon Mutations, 305
Kathryn F. Mileham, Jennifer L. Ersek, Edward S. Kim, and Ignacio I. Wistuba

20 Primary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Lung, 315
Charles B. Simone II, John G. Devlin, Sunil Singhal, and Corey J. Langer

Section 5 Breast Cancers

21 Metaplastic Breast Cancer, 327
Reva K. Basho, Helenice Gobbi, Bryan T. Hennessy, Michael Z. Gilcrease, A. Bapsi Chakravarthy, Gildy Babiera, Wei Yang, Vicente Valero, Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, Stacy L. Moulder, and Ingrid A. Mayer

22 Tubular Carcinoma of the Breast, 338
Melinda E. Sanders, Ingrid A. Mayer, and A. Bapsi Chakravarthy

23 Breast Sarcoma, 345
Mai‐Kim Gervais, Rebecca A. Gladdy, Abha Gupta, Rita Kandel, and Charles Catton

24 Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Breast, 357
Antoinette R. Tan and Chad A. Livasy

25 Breast Cancer in Men, 364
Suleiman Alfred Massarweh and George W. Sledge Jr

Section 6 Gastrointestinal Tumors

26 Uncommon Tumors of the Esophagus, 377
Cristina H. Hajdu, Robert Rosser, and Lawrence Leichman

27 Uncommon Cancers of the Stomach, 395
Elizabeta Popa, Felice Schnoll‐Sussman, Arun Jesudian, Govind Nandakumar, and Manish A. Shah

28 Uncommon Cancers of the Small Bowel, 416
Kanwal Raghav, Matthew H. G. Katz, and Michael J. Overman

29 Uncommon Cancers of the Pancreas, 429
Maria Diab and Philip A. Philip

30 Uncommon Hepatobiliary Tumors, 444
Anthony El‐Khoueiry

31 Unusual Tumors of the Colon, Rectum, and Anus, 458
Diane Reidy‐Lagunes, Christopher H. Lieu, Wells A. Messersmith, and Karyn Goodman

32 Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors, 470
Margaret von Mehren, Brian P. Rubin, Douglas B. Flieder, and Chandrajit P. Raut

Section 7 Gynecological Cancers

33 Surgery for Uncommon Gynecological Cancers, 493
R. Wendel Naumann

34 Histologies That Cross Organ Types, 508
Amanda Jackson and Preetha Ramalingam

35 Germ Cell Tumors of the Ovary, 518
Daniela E. Matei, A. Lindsay Frazier, Jean A. Hurteau, and Farzana D. Pashankar

36 Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors of the Ovary, 533
Jubilee Brown, Isabelle Ray‐Coquard, and Kris Ann P. Schultz

37 Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Ovary, 550
Keiichi Fujiwara, Katsutoshi Oda, Masashi Takano, and Noriomi Matsumura

38 Mucinous Carcinoma of the Ovary, 557
Caroline C. Billingsley and David M. Gershenson

39 Low‐Grade Serous Carcinoma of the Ovary, 564
Amanda Nickles Fader and Anais Malpica

40 Borderline Tumors of the Ovary, 572
Erin K. Crane and Premal H. Thaker

41 Fallopian Tube and Peritoneal Cancers, 582
Destin Black, Kara Long Roche, and Ginger J. Gardner

42 Nonendometrioid Endometrial Carcinomas and Uterine Sarcomas, 591
Matthew A. Powell

43 Tumors of the Cervix, 618
Krishnansu S. Tewari and Bradley J. Monk

44 Tumors of the Vulva and Vagina, 643
Vance Broach and Mario M. Leitao Jr

45 Gestational Trophoblastic Disease, 653
John Lurain, Michael Seckl, and Julian Schink

46 Targeted Therapy in Gynecological Malignancy, 663
Behrouz Zand, Shannon N. Westin, and Robert L. Coleman

Section 8 Endocrine Tumors

47 Adrenal Neoplasms, 681
Ashley A. Stewart and Ellen Shannon Story

48 Uncommon Cancers of the Thyroid, 713
Bhavana Konda and Manisha H. Shah

49 Parathyroid Carcinoma, 730
Colleen Veloski and John A. Ridge

Section 9 Hematological Malignancies

50 Rare Acute Leukemias, 740
B. Douglas Smith and Jonathan Webster

51 Unusual Myelodysplastic and Myelodysplastic/ Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, 752
Eric Padron and Rami Komrokji

52 Rare B Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorders, 760
Andrew G. Evans and Paul M. Barr

53 Uncommon Presentations of Plasma Cell Dyscrasias, 776
Jason Brayer, Mohamad A. Hussein, and Rachid Baz

54 Rare Bone Marrow Failure Conditions, 793
Amy S. Duffield and Amy E. DeZern

55 Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Polycythemia Vera, Essential Thrombocythemia, and Primary Myelofibrosis, 816
Raoul Tibes and Ruben A. Mesa

56 Rare T Cell Lymphomas, 830
Aleksandr Lazaryan and John Sweetenham

Section 10 Neurological Tumors

57 Primary Melanotic Tumors of the Central Nervous System, 840
L. Burt Nabors, Rong Li, Cheryl A. Palmer, and Philip R. Chapman

58 Comprehensive Management of Chordoma, 847
Varun R. Kshettry, Jennifer S. Yu, Vyshak A. Venur, Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, and Pablo F. Recinos

59 Atypical and Malignant Meningiomas, 856
Brandyn A. Castro, Melissa M. J. Chua, and Priscilla K. Brastianos

60 Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma, 871
Macarena I. de la Fuente and Lisa M. DeAngelis

61 Choroid Plexus Tumors, 883
Jonathan Aicardi and Nicholas A. Butowski

62 Diffuse Low‐Grade Gliomas, 888
Nancy Ann Oberheim Bush, Daniel Yang, Jennifer Clarke, and Daphne Haas‐Kogan

63 High‐Grade Gliomas, 899
Ashley L. Sumrall

64 Ependymomas, 907
Roberta Rudà, Mark R. Gilbert, and Riccardo Soffietti

65 Medulloblastoma in Adults, 917
Anna M. Kenney, Robert C. Castellino, Paul L. Moots, Christopher D. Corso, and Minesh P. Mehta

66 Pineal Parenchymal Tumors, 939
Yosuke Kitagawa, Patrick Y. Wen, and Shota Tanaka

67 Craniopharyngiomas, 949
Danilo Silva, Mayur Sharma, Gazanfar Rahmathulla, and Gene H. Barnett

68 Ophthalmic Cancers, 964
Maria M. Choudhary and Arun D. Singh

Section 11 Cutaneous Malignancies

69 Unusual Cutaneous Malignancies, 976
Charles T. Darragh, Lee E. Wheless, William G. Stebbins, Jeffrey P. Zwerner, Anthony J. Crimaldi, Thomas Olencki, and Laura Y. McGirt

70 Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans, 994
Carrie Luu, Jane L. Messina, Andrew S. Brohl, and Vernon K. Sondak

71 Unusual Melanomas, 1002
Morganna Freeman, Richard D. Carvajal, Mark Faries, and Omid Hamid

Section 12 Musculoskeletal Tumors

72 Uncommon Tumors of Soft Tissue, 1022
William Ahrens, Michael Livingston, Robert Lopez, Anthony J. Crimaldi, and Jeffrey Kneisl

Section 13 Pediatric Cancers

73 Introduction to Rare Pediatric Malignancies, 1069
Alberto S. Pappo and Gregory H. Reaman

74 Uncommon Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Children, 1072
Alberto S. Pappo and Wayne L. Furman

75 Rare Pediatric Malignancies of the Head and Neck, 1088
Cynthia E. Herzog, Michael E. Kupferman, Winston Huh, and Anita Mahajan

76 Uncommon Pediatric Tumors of the Thorax, 1097
Yoav H. Messinger, Kris Ann P. Schultz, and Louis P. Dehner

77 Uncommon Adrenal Tumors in Children and Adolescents, 1126
Raul C. Ribeiro, Carlos Rodriguez‐Galindo, Emilia M. Pinto, Gerard P. Zambetti, and Bonald C. Figueiredo

78 Uncommon Pediatric Genitourinary Tumors, 1138
Hans Pohl and Jeffrey S. Dome

79 Uncommon Pediatric Brain Tumors, 1152
Robert C. Castellino, Matthew Schniederjan, and Tobey J. MacDonald

80 Malignant Tumors of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue in Children, 1172
Alberto S. Pappo and Carlos Rodriguez‐Galindo

81 Rare Hematological Malignancies in Children, 1190
Abby M. Green and Stephen P. Hunger

Index, 1203