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Textile Fiber Microscopy: A Practical Approach

Textile Fiber Microscopy: A Practical Approach

Ivana Markovà

ISBN: 978-1-119-32005-0 May 2019 224 Pages





A groundbreaking text to the study of textile fibers that bridges the knowledge gap between fiber shape and end uses

Textile Fiber Microscopy offers an important and comprehensive guide to the study of textile fibers and contains a unique text that prioritizes a review of fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition. The author – a noted expert in the field – details many fiber types and includes all the possible fiber shapes with a number of illustrative micrographs. The author explores a wealth of topics such as fiber end uses, fiber source and production, a history of each fiber and the sustainability of the various fibers.

The text includes a review of environmentally friendly fibers and contains information on the most current fiber science by putting the focus on fibers that have been mechanically or chemically recycled, for use in textile production. The author also offers an exploration of issues of textile waste and the lack of textile recycling that can help public policymakers with ways to inform and regulate post-industrial and post-consumer textile waste issues. This vital guide: 

  • Contains an accompanied micrograph for many fibers presented
  • Includes information on how fiber microstructure is connected to fabric properties and how it affects the end use of fabrics
  • Offers a review of the sophistication of textile fibers from a scientific point of view
  • Presents a comparative textile fiber review that is appropriate for both for students, textile experts and forensic scientists

Written for students and professionals of apparel design and merchandising, and forensic scientists, Textile Fiber Microscopy presents an important review of textile fibers from a unique perspective that explores fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition.



Chapter 1: Natural Cellulosic Fibers

H1: Seed Fibers

H2: Cotton         

H2: Organic cotton          

H2: Kapok           

H2: Poplar          

H2: Willow          

H2: Coir

H1: Bast Fibers

H2: Linen

H2: Ramie

H2: Hemp

H2: Bamboo

H2: Jute

H2: Fiber Size.

H2: Nettle

H2: Bast Fibers in its Historical Context

H1: Leaf Fibers

H2: Sisal

H2: Henequen

H2: Abaca

H2: Pineapple leaves

Chapter 2: Animal Fibers

H1: Wool

H2: Cuticle Scales

H2: Scale pattern type (animal hair)

H2: Types of Scale Margins

H2: Cortex

H2: Medulla

H2: Fiber Size

H2: Fiber Morphology

H2: Merino wool and other fine wool fibers

H1: Luxury Fibers

H2: Cashmere

H2: Yangir

H2: Mohair

H2: Vicuna

H2: Camelid Fibers

H2: Alpaca

H2: Llama

H2: Shahtoosh

H2: Yak

H2: Other Identification Techniques to Note

H1: Silk

H2: Spider silk

Chapter 3: Fur Fibers

H1: Fur fibers

H2: Cuticle Scales

H2: Rabbit, Hare, and Angora Rabbit Fibers

H2: Angora hair

H1: Other Fur Fibers

H2: Mink and Ermine

H2: Kolinsky Mink

H2: Raccoon Dog

H1: Faux Fur

H1: Dog and Cat Fur

H2: Karakul

H2: Optical microscopy

H2: Measuring Hair Length

Chapter 4: Regenerated Cellulosic and Protein Fibers

H1: Regenerated Cellulosic Fibers

H2: Viscose Rayon

H2: Bamboo Rayon

H2: High Wet Modulus (HWM) Rayon

H2: Cuprammonium Rayon

H2: Lyocell Fibers

H2: A Review of Cross-sectional Shapes of Fibers

H2: Acetate Fibers

H1: Regenerated Protein Fibers

H2: Soybean Fibers

H2: Milk fibers

H2: Composite Cellulose Fibers

Chapter 5: Synthetic Fibers

H2: Nylon

H2: Polyester

H2: Delustering & Luster

H2: Variety of Cross-sectional Shapes

H2: Comparison Analysis

H2: Performance Textiles

H2: Acrylic fibers

H2: Spandex fibers

H2: Olefin Fibers

H2: Fiber Melting Point

H1: Microfibers

H2: Applications of Microfibers

H2: Bicomponent fibers

Chapter 6: Nanofibers

H1: Nanotechnology in Textiles

H2: Production of Nanofibers

H2: Uses of Nanofibers

H2: Nanowebs

H2: Nanocoatings

H2: Nanoparticles

H2: Electrically Conductive Fibers

H2: Porous Surface Fibers

H2: Microscopy

Chapter 7: Recycled Fibers

H1: Fiber Recycling

H2: Recycled Polyester via Chemical Recycling

H2: Recycled PET via Mechanical Recycling

H2: Recycling Nylon

H1: Recycled Cotton

H1: Recycled Wool

H1: Other Recycling Methods

Chapter 8: Historic Fibers

H1: Textile Fibers and History

H2: General Information – Ancient textiles

H2: Greek textiles

H1: The Use of Hemp in Central Europe

H1: Egyptian Textiles

H2: Middle Kingdom Linen Cloth

H2: Romano-Egyptian Textiles