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The ADA Companion Guide: Understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) and the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA)

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The ADA Companion Guide: Understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) and the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA)

Marcela A. Rhoads

ISBN: 978-0-470-58392-0 April 2010 400 Pages

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Description

The ultimate reference to the latest ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities

Architects, interior designers, engineers, facility managers, and related building professionals will find this to be a handy guide to the latest Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG), as published by the U.S. Access Board in the Federal Registry in 2004 and subsequently updated. As this book went to press in 2010, the U.S. Justice Department was expected to soon adopt the latest ADAAG, as covered in this book.

These guidelines have been revamped to offer more cohesive architectural guidance that improves the accessible design of buildings for individuals with special needs. Learn what the essentials of these revised guidelines are with this handy reference—what has changed, what hasn't, how to apply the guidelines, and what effect they will have on both the public and private sectors—with:

  • An easy-to-use format that follows the same organization as the actual revised ADAAG, with the revised numbering system, updated scoping, and technical provisions

  • A chapter focused on the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA), which is specific to those dealing with federal buildings and facilities funded by the federal government

  • Special commentaries on crucial or hard-to-understand examples, with photographs that illustrate practical applications of the guidelines, written by an architect who is an accessibility expert that consults regularly with design professionals, building owners, and facility managers

The ADA Companion Guide combines the complete ADAAG and ABA guidelines with explanations, commentary, and illustrations, offering easy-to-follow guidance on how to eliminate unnecessary architectural barriers for persons with disabilities.

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction xv

History xvi

Part 1: Summary of Changes 1

ADA Chapter 1: Application and Administration 2

ADA Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements 4

ABA Application, and Scoping (Chapters F1 and F2) 35

ADA Technical Requirements (Chapters 3 through 10) 38

ADA Chapter 3: Building Blocks 38

ADA Chapter 4: Accessible Routes 40

ADA Chapter 5: General Site and Building Elements 49

ADA Chapter 6: Plumbing Elements and Facilities 52

ADA Chapter 7: Communication Elements and Features 59

ADA Chapter 8: Special Rooms, Spaces, and Elements 67

ADA Chapter 9: Built-In Elements 75

ADA Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities 77

Part 2: The Americans with Disabilities Act 79

ADA Chapter 1: Application and Administration 79

101 Purpose 80

102 Dimensions for Adults and Children 80

103 Equivalent Facilitation 81

104 Conventions 81

105 Referenced Standards 83

106 Definitions 87

ADA Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements 91

201 Application 91

202 Existing Buildings and Facilities 92

203 General Exceptions 94

204 Protruding Objects 97

205 Operable Parts 97

206 Accessible Routes 98

207 Accessible Means of Egress 109

208 Parking Spaces 109

209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops 112

210 Stairways 113

211 Drinking Fountains 114

212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks 115

213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities 116

214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 118

215 Fire Alarm Systems 118

216 Signs 119

217 Telephones 122

218 Transportation Facilities 125

219 Assistive Listening Systems 126

220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines 127

221 Assembly Areas 127

222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 131

223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities 132

224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms 133

225 Storage 137

226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces 139

227 Sales and Service 140

228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and Fuel Dispensers 141

229 Windows 141

230 Two-Way Communication Systems 141

231 Judicial Facilities 142

232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities 142

233 Residential Facilities 144

234 Amusement Rides 147

235 Recreational Boating Facilities 149

236 Exercise Machines and Equipment 150

237 Fishing Piers and Platforms 150

238 Golf Facilities 151

239 Miniature Golf Facilities 151

240 Play Areas 152

241 Saunas and Steam Rooms 155

242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas 155

243 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions 156

Part 3: The Architectural Barriers Act 157

ABA Chapter 1: Application and Administration 157

F101 Purpose 157

F102 Dimensions for Adults and Children 158

F103 Modifications and Waivers 158

F104 Conventions 158

F105 Referenced Standards 158

F106 Definitions 158

ABA Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements 161

F201 Application 161

F202 Existing Buildings and Facilities 161

F203 General Exceptions 165

F204 Protruding Objects 167

F205 Operable Parts 167

F206 Accessible Routes 167

F207 Accessible Means of Egress 173

F208 Parking Spaces 174

F209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops 175

F210 Stairways 175

F211 Drinking Fountains 175

F212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks 176

F213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities 176

F214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 177

F215 Fire Alarm Systems 177

F216 Signs 177

F217 Telephones 179

F218 Transportation Facilities 180

F219 Assistive Listening Systems 180

F220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines 180

F221 Assembly Areas 181

F222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 183

F223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities 183

F224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms 184

F225 Storage 184

F226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces 185

F227 Sales and Service 185

F228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and Fuel Dispensers 186

F229 Windows 186

F230 Two-Way Communication Systems 186

F231 Judicial Facilities 187

F232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities 187

F233 Residential Facilities 188

F234 Amusement Rides 192

F235 Recreational Boating Facilities 193

F236 Exercise Machines and Equipment 194

F237 Fishing Piers and Platforms 194

F238 Golf Facilities 194

F239 Miniature Golf Facilities 194

F240 Play Areas 194

F241 Saunas and Steam Rooms 195

F242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas 195

F243 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions 196

Part 4: Technical Chapters 197

ADA Chapter 3: Building Blocks 197

301 General 197

302 Floor or Ground Surfaces 197

303 Changes in Level 199

304 Turning Space 200

305 Clear Floor or Ground Space 202

306 Knee and Toe Clearance 204

307 Protruding Objects 206

308 Reach Ranges 210

309 Operable Parts 213

ADA Chapter 4: Accessible Routes 214

401 General 214

402 Accessible Routes 214

403 Walking Surfaces 215

404 Doors, Doorways, and Gates 217

405 Ramps 230

406 Curb Ramps 234

407 Elevators 238

408 Limited-Use/Limited-Application Elevators 248

409 Private Residence Elevators 250

410 Platform Lifts 252

ADA Chapter 5: General Site and Building Elements 253

501 General 253

502 Parking Spaces 253

503 Passenger Loading Zones 258

504 Stairways 259

505 Handrails 260

ADA Chapter 6: Plumbing Elements and Facilities 264

601 General 264

602 Drinking Fountains 264

603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms 267

604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments 268

605 Urinals 279

606 Lavatories and Sinks 280

607 Bathtubs 283

608 Shower Compartments 286

609 Grab Bars 293

610 Seats 294

611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 297

612 Saunas and Steam Rooms 297

ADA Chapter 7: Communication Elements and Features 297

701 General 297

702 Fire Alarm Systems 298

703 Signs 298

704 Telephones 306

705 Detectable Warnings 309

706 Assistive Listening Systems 310

707 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines 312

708 Two-Way Communication Systems 316

ADA Chapter 8: Special Rooms, Spaces, and Elements 317

801 General 317

802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats 317

803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 323

804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes 323

805 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities 327

806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms 327

807 Holding Cells and Housing Cells 329

808 Courtrooms 329

809 Residential Dwelling Units 330

810 Transportation Facilities 332

811 Storage 336

ADA Chapter 9: Built-In Elements 337

901 General 337

902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces 337

903 Benches 337

904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters 338

ADA Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities 342

1001 General 342

1002 Amusement Rides 342

1003 Recreational Boating Facilities 346

1004 Exercise Machines and Equipment 351

1005 Fishing Piers and Platforms 352

1006 Golf Facilities 353

1007 Miniature Golf Facilities 354

1008 Play Areas 355

1009 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas 360

1010 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions 370

Resources 371

Index 373