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The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition



The ADHD Book of Lists: A Practical Guide for Helping Children and Teens with Attention Deficit Disorders, 2nd Edition

Sandra F. Rief

ISBN: 978-1-118-93776-1 May 2015 528 Pages


Practical ADHD management techniques for parents and teachers

The ADHD Book of Lists is a comprehensive guide to ADHD/ADD, providing the answers parents, teachers, and other caregivers seek in a convenient list format. This new second edition has been updated with the latest research findings and resources, including the most up to date tools and strategies for helping these children succeed. Each aspect of ADHD/ADD is fully explained, from diagnosis to intervention, providing readers with the insight they need to make the best choices for the affected child. Coverage includes the latest medications and behavioral management techniques that work inside and outside the classroom, plus guidance toward alleviating individual struggles including inattention, impulsivity, executive function and subject-specific academic issues. Readers learn how to create a collaborative care team by bringing parents, teachers, doctors, therapists, and counselors on board to build a comprehensive management plan, as well as the practical techniques they can use every day to provide these children the support they need to be their very best.

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder cannot be cured, but it can be managed successfully. This book is an insightful guide to supporting children and teens with ADHD, and giving them the mental, emotional, and practical tools that boost their confidence and abilities and enable them to thrive.

  • Investigate comprehensive treatments, including ADHD coaching
  • Learn strategies for strengthening organization, working memory and other executive functions.
  • Understand effective classroom management of students with ADHD
  • Discover ways to help struggling children succeed despite the challenges

The ADHD Book of Lists is the complete easy-to-reference guide to practical ADHD management and will be a go-to resource for parents, teachers, clinicians, and others involved in the care and education of students with ADHD. 

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Author xv

About This Book xvii

A Note from the Author xix

Section 1 Understanding, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD

1.1 ADHD: Definitions and Descriptions 3

1.2 ADHD and the “Executive Functions” 6

1.3 The Official Diagnostic Criteria for ADHD (DSM-5) 15

1.4 What Is Currently Known and Unknown about ADHD 18

1.5 Signs and Symptoms of ADHD 22

1.6 ADHD Statistics: Prevalence and Risk Factors 28

1.7 Causes of ADHD 32

1.8 ADHD and Coexisting Disorders 37

1.9 ADHD Look-Alikes 41

1.10 Positive Traits and Strengths 43

1.11 Developmental Course of ADHD across the Life Span 45

1.12 Girls with ADHD 52

1.13 ADHD and Its Effects on the Family 57

1.14 Pursuing an Evaluation for ADHD: Tips for Parents 59

1.15 Diagnosing ADHD in Children and Teens 61

1.16 The School’s Role and Responsibilities in the Diagnosis of ADHD 67

1.17 If You Suspect a Student Has ADHD: Recommendations for Teachers and Other School Personnel 69

1.18 School-Based Assessment for ADHD 71

1.19 Multimodal Treatment for ADHD 73

1.20 Medication Treatment for Managing ADHD 78

1.21 If a Child or Teen Is Taking Medication: Advice for School Staff and Parents 84

1.22 Behavior Therapy (Psychosocial Interventions) for Managing ADHD 88

1.23 Alternative and Complementary Treatments 94

Section 2 Minimizing and Managing Behavior Problems

2.1 Proactive Classroom Management 103

2.2 Proactive Parenting: Positive Discipline and Behavior-Management Strategies 110

2.3 Creating an ADHD-Friendly Environment 114

2.4 Tips for Giving Directions and Increasing Compliance 120

2.5 Target Behaviors for Students with ADHD 125

2.6 Preventing Behavior Problems Outside of the Home 131

2.7 Rewards and Positive Reinforcement for Home and School 133

2.8 Class (Group) Behavior Management Systems 139

2.9 Individualized Behavior Supports and Interventions 147

2.10 Preventing Behavior Problems During Transitions and “Challenging Times” of The School Day 158

2.11 Common Triggers to Misbehavior 162

2.12 Strategies for Attention, Focus, and On-Task Behaviors 164

2.13 Strategies for Impulsive and Hyperactive Behaviors 169

2.14 Tough Kids: Coping and Dealing with Challenging Behaviors 174

2.15 Managing Student Anger, Frustration, and Poor Emotional Regulation 179

2.16 Managing Your Child’s Difficulty with Emotional Control 183

2.17 ADHD and Social Skills Interventions 186

Section 3 Instructional Strategies, Accommodations, and Supports

3.1 Adaptations, Accommodations, Modifications: What’s the Difference? 195

3.2 Getting and Focusing Students’ Attention 198

3.3 Maintaining Students’ Attention and Participation 201

3.4 Keeping Students On Task during Seatwork 205

3.5 Adaptations of Assignments and Materials 207

3.6 Testing Adaptations and Supports 212

3.7 Accommodating Learning Style Differences and Sensory Needs 216

3.8 Research-Based Instructional Approaches and Intervention Resources 221

Section 4 Study Skills, Organization, and Other Executive Function Strategies

4.1 Working Memory Weaknesses and Supports 230

4.2 Strategies to Aid Memory 235

4.3 Metacognitive and Other Learning Strategies 240

4.4 ADHD: Difficulties with Organization, Time Management, and Homework 245

4.5 What Parents Can Do to Help with Organization 247

4.6 What Teachers Can Do to Help with Organization 251

4.7 What Parents Can Do to Help with Time Management 256

4.8 What Teachers Can Do to Help with Time Management 259

4.9 Homework Tips for Parents 263

4.10 Homework Tips for Teachers 267

Section 5 Academic Difficulties, Strategies, and Supports in Reading, Writing, and Math

5.1 Common Reading Problems in Children and Teens with ADHD 273

5.2 The Reading Process: What Good Readers Do 278

5.3 Strategies for Building Word Recognition, Decoding, Fluency, and Vocabulary 280

5.4 Strategies for Reading Comprehension 290

5.5 Reading Tips and Strategies for Parents 298

5.6 Why Writing Is a Struggle 303

5.7 Strategies to Help with Prewriting: Planning and Organization 308

5.8 Strategies for Building Skills in Written Expression 313

5.9 Strategies for Revising and Editing 318

5.10 Spelling: Challenges, Strategies, and Supports 323

5.11 Improving Handwriting and the Legibility of Written Work 328

5.12 Strategies to Bypass and Accommodate Writing Difficulties 333

5.13 Math Difficulties Related to ADHD and Learning Disabilities 337

5.14 Math Strategies and Interventions 340

Section 6 Educational Rights and Systems of Support at School

6.1 Response to Intervention (RTI) 348

6.2 The Student Support Team (SST) Process 354

6.3 Educational Rights for Students with ADHD 358

6.4 Federal Law IDEA and Special Education 364

6.5 Section 504 Law and How It Applies to Students with ADHD 372

6.6 Disciplining Students with Disabilities under IDEA 376

Section 7 Understanding, Supporting, and Improving Outcomes for Children and Teens with ADHD

7.1 The Necessity of a Team Approach 384

7.2 Advocacy Tips for Parents 387

7.3 Parent and Teacher Communication and Relations 392

7.4 ADHD in Young Children (Ages Three to Five) 395

7.5 ADHD in Middle School and High School 402

7.6 ADHD Coaching 408

7.7 Healthy, Fun, and Therapeutic Ways to Help Manage ADHD Symptoms 412

7.8 What Kids with ADHD Need from Parents and Teachers 420

7.9 What Parents of Children with ADHD Need 423

7.10 ADHD and Gifted (Dual Exceptionalities) 426

7.11 Do’s and Don’ts for Parents and Teachers 429

7.12 Recommended Websites and Resources 432

Appendix: Charts, Forms, and Visual Prompts 441

Index 471