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The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean

The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean

Bernard Quéguiner

ISBN: 978-1-848-21815-4 June 2016 Wiley-ISTE 146 Pages


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In the biogeochemical dynamics of marine ecosystems, silicon is a major element whose role has, for a long time, been underestimated. It is however indispensable to the activity of several biomineralizing marine organisms, some of which play an essential role in the biological pump of oceanic carbon.

This book presents notions indispensable to the knowledge on the silicon biogeochemical cycle in ocean systems, first of all describing the main quantitative analysis techniques and examination of the major organisms involved in the cycle. The author then moves on to study the most up-to-date processes to control the use of silicon and its regeneration in natural conditions, before mentioning the central role played by this original element in the control of all the biogeochemical cycles in the global ocean.  The available information finally enables the global biogeochemical budget of silicon in the marine environment to be quantified.

1 Chemical forms of silicon in the marine field

2 Technical study of stocks and flows

3 Marine producers of biogenic silica

4 Cellular mechanisms of silica deposition in diatoms

5 Dissolution of biogenic silica and regeneration of silicic acid

6 Overall balance of silicon in the oceans