About the Author
The Editor of the Encyclopedia, Harold Shukman, is University Lecturer in Modern Russian History at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St Antony's College. His books include Lenin and the Russian Revolution and Lenin's Path to Power. He has edited and translated the memoirs of Andrei Gromyko, novels by Anatoly Rybakov, as well as plays by Isaac Babel and Evgeny Shvarts, biographies of Stalin and Lenin by Dmitri Volkogonov, and most recently he edited a collection of articles on Stalin's generals. He is the General Editor of Longman's multi-volume History of Russia.