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The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18



The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18

Frances M. Hamer (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-18829-3 September 2009 790 Pages


The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, since its inception, has been recognized as a cornerstone of heterocyclic chemistry. Each volume attempts to discuss all aspects – properties, synthesis, reactions, physiological and industrial significance – of a specific ring system. To keep the series up-to-date, supplementary volumes covering the recent literature on each individual ring system have been published. Many ring systems (such as pyridines and oxazoles) are treated in distinct books, each consisting of separate volumes or parts dealing with different individual topics. With all authors are recognized authorities, the Chemistry of Heterocyclic Chemistry is considered worldwide as the indispensable resource for organic, bioorganic, and medicinal chemists.

I. Mainly Introductory 1

II. Methincyanines 32

III. Methincyanines with Substituents on the Chain 77

IV. Symmetrical Trimethincyanines 86

IV. Unsymmetrical Trimethincyanines 116

VI. Trimethincyanines with Substituents on the Chain 148

VII. Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Pentamethincyanines, Including those with Substituents on the Chain 200

VIII. Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Heptamethincyanines, Including those with Substituents on the Chain; Polymethincyanines 244

IX. Cyanines in which the Odd-Numbered Carbon Chain, which Links the Nuclei, or Part of it, is Cyclic 270

X. Variations in the Nuclei which Enter Into Cyanine Molecules 292

XI. Bases, Including Some with Substituents on the Chain, of which Cyanines are the Quaternary Salts 351

XII. Azacyanines, Including Dyes Substituted on the Chain, and Bases of which the Quaternary Salts are Azacyanines 375

XIII. Certain Classes of Dyes Related to Cyanines 398

XIV. Merocyanines 511