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The Handbook of Language Emergence



The Handbook of Language Emergence

Brian MacWhinney (Editor), William O'Grady (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-30175-3 March 2015 Wiley-Blackwell 656 Pages

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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm.

  • Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism
  • Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints
  • Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution
  • Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever

Notes on Contributors vii

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction: Language Emergence 1
Brian MacWhinney

Part I Basic Language Structures 33

1 The Emergence of Phonological Representation 35
Patricia Donegan

2 Capturing Gradience, Continuous Change, and Quasi-Regularity in Sound, Word, Phrase, and Meaning 53
James L. McClelland

3 The Emergence of Language Comprehension 81
Maryellen C. MacDonald

4 Anaphora and the Case for Emergentism 100
William O’Grady

5 Morphological Emergence 123
Péter Rácz, Janet B. Pierrehumbert, Jennifer B. Hay, and Viktória Papp

6 Metaphor and Emergentism 147
Zoltán Kövecses

7 Usage-Based Language Learning 163
Nick C. Ellis, Matthew Brook O’Donnell, and Ute Römer

Part II Language Change and Typology 181

8 Emergence at the Cross-Linguistic Level: Attractor Dynamics in Language Change 183
Joan Bybee and Clay Beckner

9 The Diachronic Genesis of Synchronic Syntax 201
T. Givón

10 Typological Variation and Efficient Processing 215
John A. Hawkins

11 Word Meanings across Languages Support Efficient Communication 237
Terry Regier, Charles Kemp, and Paul Kay

Part III Interactional Structures 265

12 Linguistic Emergence on the Ground: A Variationist Paradigm 267
Shana Poplack and Rena Torres Cacoullos

13 The Emergence of Sociophonetic Structure 292
Paul Foulkes and Jennifer B. Hay

14 An Emergentist Approach to Grammar 314
Paul J. Hopper

15 Common Ground 328
Eve V. Clark

16 The Role of Culture in the Emergence of Language 354
Daniel L. Everett

Part IV Language Learning 377

17 Learnability 379
Alexander Clark

18 Perceptual Development and Statistical Learning 396
Erik Thiessen and Lucy Erickson

19 Language Emergence in Development: A Computational Perspective 415
Stewart M. McCauley, Padraic Monaghan, and Morten H. Christiansen

20 Perception and Production in Phonological Development 437
Marilyn Vihman

21 The Emergence of Gestures 458
Jordan Zlatev

22 A Constructivist Account of Child Language Acquisition 478
Ben Ambridge and Elena Lieven

23 Bilingualism as a Dynamic Process 511
Ping Li

24 Dynamic Systems and Language Development 537
Paul van Geert and Marjolijn Verspoor

Part V Language and the Brain 557

25 Models of Language Production in Aphasia 559
Gary S. Dell and Nathaniel D. Anderson

26 Formulaic Language in an Emergentist Framework 578
Diana Van Lancker Sidtis

27 Language Evolution: An Emergentist Perspective 600
Michael A. Arbib

Index 625

Chapter 11 Figures