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The History of Hydrology, Volume 3

The History of Hydrology, Volume 3

Edward R. Landa (Editor), Simon Ince (Editor), William Back (Foreword by)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66539-8

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

122 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the History of Geophysics Series, Volume 3.

For society as a whole, and more specifically, for a subgroup of society composed of the practitioners of a specific scientific discipline such as hydrology, the preservation and study of the record of how our understanding of natural processes has developed is not only a worthy and noble goal in itself, but has a didactic role in the education of scientists. However, for such preservation and study of this record to occur requires the action of individuals—either historians of science or practitioners of science. Both have a role, and both are represented in this volume. For the historians of science, such activities represent the focus of their profession. In contrast, for the practicing scientist, such historical activities are necessarily peripheral. In addition, for most such individuals the last formal contact with history came in high school or early in college. The exposure was to political history, all too often with an emphasis on the rote memorization of names and dates, and occasional platitudes regarding history as a key to understanding the future. In the typical university-level science class, there is generally little or no discussion of the historical development of the field. Where such discussion does occur, it more-often-than-not is a proforma, first lecture or part thereof, used more as an ice-breaker than a serious attempt at discussing the development of the present state-of-knowledge. Except for a few advanced seminars, there is generally little emphasis on reading the original literature that forms the foundation of the science summarized in current texts.

Foreword ix
William Back

Preface xi
Edward R. Landa and Simon Ince

Keynote Papers

Darcy's Law: Its Physical Theory and Application to Entrapment of Oil and Gas 1
M. King Hubbert

The Alexandrian Equation 27
Luna B. Leopold

The Last Word on Science 31
Bruce R. Wheaton, Eos, 66, 1181-1183, 1985.

Some Early Attempts at Theory Formation in Fluid Mechanics 35
Simon Ince

Medieval Saint Barbara Worship and Professional Traditions in Early Mining and Applied Earth Sciences 39
H. O. Pfannkuch

A History of Paleoflood Hydrology in the United States, 1800-1970 49
John E. Costa, Eos, 67, 425, 428-430, 1986.

Measuring the Rivers of the Past: A History of Fluvial Paleohydrology 55
Peter C. Patton

Discovery of the Aquifers of the New Jersey Coastal Plain in the Nineteenth Century 69
C. M. Epstein

Early Twentieth-Century Investigations of the Radioactivity of Waters in North America 75
Edward R. Landa

History of Thought on the Origin of Subsurface Sedimentary Brines 81
Jeffrey S. Hanor

The "Physics" of Soil Water Physics 93
Garrison Sposito, Water Resources Research, 22, 83-88, 1986.

R. E. Moore and Yolo Light Clay 99
Jim Constantz

Charles Sumner Slichter--An Engineer in Mathematician's Clothing 103
Herbert F. Wang

Contributions of Robert E. Horton 113
Francis R. Hall

Max Leggette, Pioneer of Hydrogeology Consultants 119
R. G. Slayback