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The Human Fossil Record, Volume 3, Brain Endocasts--The Paleoneurological Evidence

The Human Fossil Record, Volume 3, Brain Endocasts--The Paleoneurological Evidence

Ralph L. Holloway, Douglas C. Broadfield, Michael S. Yuan, Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Ian Tattersall

ISBN: 978-0-471-41823-8

May 2004

315 pages

Select type: Hardcover

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Description

Brain Endocasts is the only comprehensive, single-volume work dealing exclusively and uniformly with fossil hominid brain endocasts. Never-before-published photographs come together with easily accessible, coherent descriptions to create a detailed reference on the paleoneurological evidence for human evolution. Each entry offers essential information related to the location, dating, associations, and morphology of a given endocast. The text also covers the latest methodologies and techniques available for studying endocasts. In addition, a concise summary shows how these fossil records contribute to our understanding of human evolution and behavior.
PREFACE.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.

PART 1: Brain Evolution and Endocasts
INTRODUCTION.

Lines of Evidence, DIRECT and INDIRECT.

Brain Endocasts.

The Data.

Biobehavioral Significance of Brain Endocasts.

Endocranial Morphology and Terminology.

Descriptive and Figure Format.

PART 2: Methods andMaterials of Endocast Analysis.

Total Endocranial Brain Volume.

Partial Brain Endocast Volumes.

Endocast Volume Reliability.

Brain Endocast Volumes by Formula.

AsymmetryObservations and Measures.

Regional Convolutional Details.

Meningeal Patterns.

Morphometric Analyses.

PART 3: Endocasts of Early Hominids.

BOURI.

BOU-VP-12/130.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

HADAR.

AL 288-1 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KONSO.

KGA-10-525.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KOOBI FORA.

KNM-ER 407 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

MAKAPANSGAT.

MLD 1 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

OLDUVAI.

OH5.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

OMO.

OMOL338Y-6.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

STERKFONTEIN.

STS 5 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SWARTKRANS.

SK 1585 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

TAUNG.

TAUNG CHILD.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

TURKANA (WEST TURKANA).

KNM-WT 17000 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

PART 4A: Africa.

BODO.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

JEBEL IRHOUD ( JEBEL IGHOUD).

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KABWE.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KOOBI FOR A.

KNM-ER 1470 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KNM-ER 1813 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KNM-ER 992 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

NARIOKOTOME (WEST TURKANA).

KNM-WT 15000.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

OLDUVAI GORGE.

OH7 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

OH9 MORPH.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SALÉ.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Details.

Significance.

PART 4B: Asia, Eastern and Central
NGANDONG (SOLO).

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SAMBUNGMACAN.

SAMBUNGMACAN 3 (SM 3).

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SANGIRAN.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

TRINIL.

TRINIL 2.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

ZHOUKOUDIAN
(CHOUKOUTIEN): LOWER CAVE.

SKULL 111 LOCUS E.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

PART 4C: Asia, Western
AMUD.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

TESHIK-TASH.

PART 4D: Europe
ARAGO(TAUTAVEL).

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

BRNO.

BRNO II.

BRNO III.

COMBE CAPELLE.

CRO-MAGNON.

CRO-MAGNON III.

DOLNI VESTONICE.

DOLNI VESTONICE III.

FELDHOFER GROTTO (NEANDERTHAL).

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

GIBRALTAR.

GIBRALTAR I.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

KRAPINA.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

LA CHAPELLE-AUX-SAINTS.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

LA FERRASSIE.

LA FERRASSIE I.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

LAQUINA.

LAQUINA V.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

LAZARET.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

LE MOUSTIER.

LES COTTÉS.

MONTE CIRCEO.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

PODKUMAK.

PREDMOSTÍ.

PREDMOSTÍ 3.

PREDMOSTÍ 4.

PREDMOSTÍ 9.

PREDMOSTÍ 10.

Significance.

REILINGEN.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SPY.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

SWANSCOMBE.

Gross Description.

Volume and Method.

Endocast Details.

Morphometric Data.

Significance.

PART 5: Endocranial Vasculature (By Dominique Grimaud-Hervé; Illustrations by Pascal Hervé).

ENDOCRANIAL VASCULATURE.

Meningeal Patterns.

Dural Venous Sinuses.

Significance of Endocranial Vasculature.

PART 6: Hominid Endocasts: Some General Notes.

Mosaic Evolution.

Behavioral Dynamics.

Endocasts Yet to Be Studied.

APPENDIX 1: ENDOCRANIAL VOLUMES OF THE FOSSIL HOMINIDS.

Notes for Appendix 1.

APPENDIX 2: STATISTICAL ANALYSES OF ENDOCRANIAL VOLUMES BY TAXA.

LITERATURE CITED.

"…this work is a required purchase for all libraries supporting research in physical anthropology." (American Reference Books Annual, March 2007)

"...strongly recommended to anyone interested in human evolutionary studies...as its contents has frequent and even surprising relevance to diverse aspects of this endeavor." (Quarterly Review of Biology, March-May 2005)

"...thoroughly readable and a welcome and indispensable addition to my library. The volume represents an expertly written, badly needed catalog…" (American Journal of Human Biology, March/April 2005)