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The Legal Regime of Fisheries in the Caribbean Region

The Legal Regime of Fisheries in the Caribbean Region

W. R. Edeson, J.-F. Pulvenis

ISBN: 978-1-118-66971-6

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

204 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 7.

This book has its genesis in materials collected in the Western Central Atlantic region in preparation for a regional seminar on the Changing Law of the Sea and its Implications for Fisheries in the Western Atlantic. The Seminar, which was organised by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN and funded by the Norwegian government, was held in Havana, Cuba, 1980. Most of the materials were gathered by the authors as a result of direct contact with the fisheries authorities of the region, and supplemented where possible by information obtained from public sources for the remaining countries not visited. Twenty seven countries in the region were visited, and the authors were able to obtain materials much of which is not readily accessible except in the individual countries.

Part I: INTRODUCTION 1

1. Introduction 1
2. The Region Defined 1
3. Regional Organisations 5
3.1. VJECAFC 5
3.2. ICCAT 7
3.3. OLDEPESCA 8
3.4. The Lesser Antilles 10
3.5. Others 11
4. The Fisheries Resources of the Region 12
4.1. Industrial Fisheries 13
4.2. Artisanal Fishing 14
4.3. Potential for Increased Catch 15

Part II: THE INTERNATIONAL LAW BACKGROUND 17

1. The Santo Domingo Declaration 17
2. National Jurisdiction 19
3. The Montego Bay Convention 22
3.1. The Rights and Duties of States in the Economic Zone 22
3.2. Conservation, Management and Utilisation of the Living Resources 23
3.3. Conditions of Access 25
3.4. Criteria for Granting Access 26
3.5. Scientific Information 28
3.6. Standards 29
3.7. Regional Co-operation 29
3.8. Specific Fishing Regimes 30
3.9. Enforcement 32
3.10. High Seas Fisheries 34
3.11. Settlement of Disputes 36
4. The Montego Bay Convention and State Practice 38
4.1 The Fisheries Provisions and Customary International Law 38
4.2 Variations between State Practice and the Montego Bay Convention 41

Part III: NATIONAL LEGISLATION RELATING TO FISHERIES 45

1. Introduction 45
2. Conservation and Management Objectives 47
2.1. Evaluation of the living resources 49
2.2. Control of Fishing Effort 53
2.3. Control of the Quality of the Catch 56
2.4. . Measures for Environmental Protection 59
3. Control of Access 61
3.1. Classification of fishing activities 62
3.2. Granting of Licences and Permits 67
3.2.1. Provision of Information and Documents 67
3.2.2. Fees 68
3.2.3. Deposits 69
3.2.4. Registration 69
3.3. Conditions Attached to Licences and Permits 71
3.3.1. Duration of the Licence or Permit 71
3.3.2. Landing of the Catch and Supplying the Local Market 71
3.4. Access of Foreign Fishermen 72
3.5. Other Problems of Foreign Access 79
4. Enforcement 84
4.1. Authorised Officers 84
4.2. Responsibility for Offences 86
4.3. Penalties 87

Part IV: BILATERAL AND JOINT VENTURE FISHERIES AGREEMENTS 93

1. Introduction 93
2. Bilateral Fisheries Agreements 96
2.1. Types of Bilateral Fisheries Agreements in the Region 98
2.2. General Aims of Agreements 101
2.3. Management and Conservation Measures 102
2.3.1. Research and Planning 103
2.3.2. Information Regarding Vessel Characteristics 104
2.3.3. Delimitation of Areas of Fishing 105
2.3.4. Conditions Relating to Vessels and Catch 107
2.3.5. Procedures for Granting Access 109
2.3.6. Regulation of Small Scale or Artisanal Fishing 110
2.3.7. By-catch 111
2.3.8. Landing 111
2.3.9. Recreational Fishing 113
2.3.10. Dangerous Fishing Methods 113
2.4. Preservation of the Marine Environment 114
2.5. Information Regarding Catches 115
2.6. Surveillance and Enforcement 116
2.7. Institutional Arrangements 120
2.8. Other Commitments 121
3. Joint Ventures Agreements in Fisheries 122
3.1. Types of Joint Ventures 122
3.2. Joint Ventures in the Region 123
3.3. Agreements'Establishing Joint Ventures 126
3.4. Prospects for Joint Ventures 127
3.5. Regional and Sub Regional Prospects for Joint Ventures in Fisheries 129

Part V: FISHERIES ADMINISTRATION 131

1. Introduction 131
2. Formulation of Fisheries Policy 132
2.1. The Administrative Structure 132
2.2. Planning and Development of Fisheries 137
2.3. Evaluation of Resources 141
3. Implementation of Fisheries Policy 142
3.1. Financing 142
3.2. State Intervention in Fishing and Other Related Activities 146
3.3. Training 149
3.4. Control 152

Part VI: Conclusions 153

Tables : 163
Table 1: National Limits Relating to Territorial Seas, Exclusive Fishing Zones, and
Exclusive Economic Zones 164
Table 2: Conservation Measures 165
Table 3: Legislative Requirements Regarding the Provision of Information and Documents 167
Table 4: Licence Fees 176
Table 5: Deposits 181
Table 6: Conditions Attached to Licences 182
Table 7: Duration of Licences 188
Table 8: Nationality Criteria 191
Table 9: Penalties for Illegal Foreign Fishing in Zones of Extended Jurisdiction 196

Bibliography 197